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1 John 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— No man hath beheld God at any time: if we love one another, God abideth in us, and his love is perfected in us:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— No one has seen God at any time; if we love one another, God abides in us, and His love is perfected in us.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— No one has seen God at any time: if we love one another, God abides in us, and his love is perfected in us.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Upon God, hath no one, at any time, gazed: If we love one another, God, in us, abideth, and, his love, hath been perfected within us.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— God no one hath ever seen; if we may love one another, God in us doth remain, and His love is having been perfected in us;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God abideth in us: and his charity is perfected in us.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— No man hath seene God at any time. If wee loue one another, God dwelleth in vs, and his loue is perfected in vs.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Aloha no man hath seen but if we love one another, Aloha in us abideth, and his love is fulfilled in us.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— No one hath ever seen God; but if we love one another, God abideth in us, and his love is perfected in us.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
No man 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
hath seen 2300
{2300} Prime
θεάομαι
theaomai
{theh-ah'-om-ahee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to look closely at, that is, (by implication) to perceive (literally or figuratively); by extension to visit.
z5766
<5766> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 19
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
at any time. 4455
{4455} Prime
πώποτε
popote
{po'-pot-e}
From G4452 and G4218; at any time, that is, (with negative particle) at no time.
If 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
we love 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
one another, 240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
dwelleth 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
us, 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
love 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
perfected 5048
{5048} Prime
τελειόω
teleioo
{tel-i-o'-o}
From G5046; to complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
us. 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 4:12

_ _ God, whom no man hath seen at any time, hath appointed His children as the visible recipients of our outward kindness which flows from love to Himself, “whom not having seen, we love,” compare Notes, see on 1 John 4:11, see on 1 John 4:19, 1 John 4:20. Thus 1 John 4:12 explains why, instead (in 1 John 4:11) of saying, “If God so loved us, we ought also to love God,” he said, “We ought also to love one another.

_ _ If we love one another, God dwelleth in us — for God is love; and it must have been from Him dwelling in us that we drew the real love we bear to the brethren (1 John 4:8, 1 John 4:16). John discusses this in 1 John 4:13-16.

_ _ his love — rather, “the love of Him,” that is, “to Him” (1 John 2:5), evinced by our love to His representatives, our brethren.

_ _ is perfected in us — John discusses this in 1 John 4:17-19. Compare 1 John 2:5, “is perfected,” that is, attains its proper maturity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 4:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 4:12

If we love one another, God abideth in us — This is treated of, 1 John 4:13-16. And his love is perfected — Has its full effect. In us — This is treated of, 1 John 4:17-19.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 4:12

(10) No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is (g) perfected in us.

(10) A third reason: Because God is invisible, therefore by this effect of his Spirit, that is, by charity, he is understood to be not out of us, but united with us and in us, in whom he is so effectually working.

(g) Is surely in us indeed, and in truth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
seen:

1 John 4:20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen?
Genesis 32:30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.
Exodus 33:20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.
Numbers 12:8 With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?
John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Hebrews 11:27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.

love one:

1 John 4:6 We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.
1 John 3:24 And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

and his:

1 John 4:17-18 Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is, so are we in this world. ... There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
1 John 2:5 But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him.
1 Corinthians 13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:30. Ex 33:20. Nu 12:8. Jn 1:18. 1Co 13:13. 1Ti 1:17; 6:16. He 11:27. 1Jn 2:5; 3:24; 4:6, 17, 20.

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