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1 John 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hereby shall we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our heart before him:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— We will know by this that we are of the truth, and will assure our heart before Him
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And by this we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And hereby we shall know that we are of the truth, and shall persuade our hearts before him—
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hereby, shall we get to know, that, of the truth, we are, and, before him, shall persuade our heart;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and in this we know that of the truth we are, and before Him we shall assure our hearts,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In this we know that we are of the truth and in his sight shall persuade our hearts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hereby wee know that wee are of the trueth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And by this we make known that we are of the truth, and before that he cometh we make confident our hearts.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And by this, we recognize that we are of the truth; and, before he shall come, we make our hearts confident.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hereby 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
{5129} Prime
Dative singular masculine or neuter of G3778; to (in, with or by) this (person or thing).
we know 1097
{1097} Prime
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
that 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
we are 2070
{2070} Prime
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
of 1537
{1537} Prime
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
truth, 225
{0225} Prime
From G0227; truth.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shall assure 3982
{3982} Prime
A primary verb; to convince (by argument, true or false); by analogy to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); reflexively or passively to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty).
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
our 2257
{2257} Prime
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
hearts 2588
{2588} Prime
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
before 1715
{1715} Prime
From G1722 and G4314; in front of (in place [literally or figuratively] or time).
him. 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 3:19

_ _ herebyGreek, “herein”; in our loving in deed and in truth (1 John 3:18).

_ _ we know — The oldest manuscripts have “we shall know,” namely, if we fulfil the command (1 John 3:18).

_ _ of the truth — that we are real disciples of, and belonging to, the truth, as it is in Jesus: begotten of God with the word of truth. Having herein the truth radically, we shall be sure not to love merely in word and tongue. (1 John 3:18).

_ _ assure — literally, “persuade,” namely, so as to cease to condemn us; satisfy the questionings and doubts of our consciences as to whether we be accepted before God or not (compare Matthew 28:14; Acts 12:20, “having made Blastus their friend,” literally, “persuaded”). The “heart,” as the seat of the feelings, is our inward judge; the conscience, as the witness, acts either as our justifying advocate, or our condemning accuser, before God even now. John 8:9, has “conscience,” but the passage is omitted in most old manuscripts. John nowhere else uses the term “conscience.” Peter and Paul alone use it.

_ _ before him — as in the sight of Him, the omniscient Searcher of hearts. Assurance is designed to be the ordinary experience and privilege of the believer.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 3:14-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 3:19

And hereby we know — We have a farther proof by this real, operative love. That we are of the truth — That we have true faith, that we are true children of God. And shall assure our hearts before him — Shall enjoy the assurance of his favour, and the "testimony of a good conscience toward God." The heart, in St. John's language, is the conscience. The word conscience is not found in his writings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 3:19

(19) And hereby we know that we are of the truth, (20) and shall assure our hearts before him.

(19) He commends charity, by three effects: for first of all, by it we know that we are indeed the sons of God, as he showed before.

(20) Therefore it comes that we have a quiet conscience, as on the opposite side he that thinks that he has God for a judge, because he is guilty to himself either he is never or else very rarely quiet, for God has a far sharper sight then we, and judges more severely.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not [his] brother abideth in death.
1 John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
John 13:35 By this shall all [men] know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.


1 John 3:21 Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, [then] have we confidence toward God.
Isaiah 32:17 And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever.
Hebrews 6:10-11 For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. ... And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:
Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

Gr. persuade,
Romans 4:21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.
Romans 8:38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.
Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of [them], and embraced [them], and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 32:17. Jn 13:35; 18:37. Ro 4:21; 8:38. 2Ti 1:12. He 6:10; 10:22; 11:13. 1Jn 1:8; 3:14, 21.

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