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1 John 2:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that saith he is in the light and hateth his brother, is in the darkness even until now.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The one who says he is in the Light and [yet] hates his brother is in the darkness until now.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He who says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in the darkness until now.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that saith he is, in the light, and hateth, his brother, is, in the darkness, until even now!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— he who is saying, in the light he is, and his brother is hating, in the darkness he is till now;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that saith he is in the light and hateth his brother is in darkness even until now.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkenesse euen vntill now.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Whoever saith, then, that he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness until now.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Whoever therefore shall say that he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness until now.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
he is 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
light, 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hateth 3404
{3404} Prime
μισέω
miseo
{mis-eh'-o}
From a primary word μῖσος [[misos]] (hatred); to detest (especially to persecute); by extension to love less.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
brother, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
darkness 4653
{4653} Prime
σκοτία
skotia
{skot-ee'-ah}
From G4655; dimness, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
even until 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
now. 737
{0737} Prime
ἄρτι
arti
{ar'-tee}
Adverb from a derivative of G0142 (compare G0740) through the idea of suspension; just now.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 2:9-11

_ _ There is no mean between light and darkness, love and hatred, life and death, God and the world: wherever spiritual life is, however weak, there darkness and death no longer reign, and love supplants hatred; and Luke 9:50 holds good: wherever life is not, there death, darkness, the flesh, the world, and hatred, however glossed over and hidden from man’s observation, prevail; and Luke 11:23 holds good. “Where love is not, there hatred is; for the heart cannot remain a void” [Bengel].

_ _ in the light — as his proper element.

_ _ his brother — his neighbor, and especially those of the Christian brotherhood. The very title “brother” is a reason why love should be exercised.

_ _ even until now — notwithstanding that “the true light already has begun to shine” (1 John 2:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 2:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 2:9

He that saith he is in the light — In Christ, united to him. And hateth his brother — The very name shows the love due to him. Is in darkness until now — Void of Christ, and of all true light.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 2:9

(8) He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

(8) Now he comes to the second table, that is, to charity towards one another, and denies that a man has true light in him, or is indeed regenerate and the son of God, who hates his brother: and such a one wanders miserably in darkness, may he never brag of great knowledge of God for he knowingly and willingly casts himself headlong into hell.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that saith:

1 John 2:4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

he is:

1 John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
John 9:41 Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.
Romans 2:18-21 And knowest [his] will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law; ... Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?

and hateth:

1 John 3:13-17 Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you. ... But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

is in:

1 John 2:11 But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.
Psalms 82:5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.
1 Corinthians 13:1-3 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... And though I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
2 Peter 1:9 But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 82:5. Jn 9:41. Ro 2:18. 1Co 13:1. 2P 1:9. 1Jn 1:6; 2:4, 11; 3:13.

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