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1 John 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they all are not of us.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They went out from us, but they were not [really] of us; for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us; but [they went out], so that it would be shown that they all are not of us.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They went out from among us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have surely remained with us, but that they might be made manifest that none are of us.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— From among us, they went out, but they were not of us; for, if, of us, they had been, they would in that case have abode with us; but [it came to pass] in order that they might be made manifest, because, all, are not of us.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— out of us they went forth, but they were not of us, for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us; but—that they might be manifested that they are not all of us.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They went out from us but they were not of us. For if they had been of us, they would no doubt have remained with us: but that they may be manifest, that they are not all of us.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They went out from vs, but they were not of vs: for if they had beene of vs, they would no doubt haue continued with vs: but [they went out] that they might be made manifest, that they were not all of vs.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— From us they went forth, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, with us would they have remained. But they went forth from us, that it might be known that they were not of us.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— From us they went out, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us: but they went out from us, that so it might be known, that they were not of us.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They went out 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
us, 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
they were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
us; 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
they had been 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
us, 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
they would y302
[0302] Standard
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
[no doubt] have continued 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5715
<5715> Grammar
Tense - Pluperfect (See G5779)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
x302
(0302) Complement
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
us: 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[they went out], that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
they might be made manifest 5319
{5319} Prime
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
they were 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
us. 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 2:19

_ _ out from us — from our Christian communion. Not necessarily a formal secession or going out: thus Rome has spiritually gone out, though formally still of the Christian Church.

_ _ not of us — by spiritual fellowship (1 John 1:3). “They are like bad humors in the body of Christ, the Church: when they are vomited out, then the body is relieved; the body of Christ is now still under treatment, and has not yet attained the perfect soundness which it shall have only at the resurrection” [Augustine, Ten Homilies on the First Epistle of John, Homily 3.4].

_ _ they would ... have continued — implying the indefectibility of grace in the elect. “Where God’s call is effectual, there will be sure perseverance” [Calvin]. Still, it is no fatal necessity, but a “voluntary necessity” [Didymus], which causes men to remain, or else go from the body of Christ. “We are either among the members, or else among the bad humors. It is of his own will that each is either an Antichrist, or in Christ” [Augustine]. Still God’s actings in eternal election harmonize in a way inexplicable to us, with man’s free agency and responsibility. It is men’s own evil will that chooses the way to hell; it is God’s free and sovereign grace that draws any to Himself and to heaven. To God the latter shall ascribe wholly their salvation from first to last: the former shall reproach themselves alone, and not God’s decree, with their condemnation (1 John 3:9; 1 John 5:18).

_ _ that they were not all of us — This translation would imply that some of the Antichrists are of us! Translate, therefore, “that all (who are for a time among us) are not of us.” Compare 1 Corinthians 11:19, “There must be heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.” For “were” some of the oldest manuscripts read “are.” Such occasions test who are, and who are not, the Lord’s people.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 2:18-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 2:19

They were not of us — When they went; their hearts were before departed from God, otherwise, they would have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest — That is, this was made manifest by their going out.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 2:19

(19) They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, (o) they would [no doubt] have continued with us: (20) but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.

(19) A digression against certain offences and stumbling blocks at which that young age especially might stumble and be shaken, Therefore that they should not be terrified with the falling back of certain, first he makes plain to men that although those who fall from God and his religion had a place in the Church, yet they were never of the Church: because the Church is the company of the elect, who cannot perish, and therefore cannot fall from Christ.

(o) So then the elect can never fall from grace.

(20) Secondly, he shows that these things happen to the benefit of the Church, that hypocrites may be plainly known.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
went out:

Deuteronomy 13:13 [Certain] men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known;
Psalms 41:9 Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.
Matthew 13:20-21 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; ... Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
Mark 4:5-6 And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: ... But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Mark 4:16-17 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; ... And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
Luke 8:13 They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
Acts 15:24 Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, [Ye must] be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no [such] commandment:
Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
2 Peter 2:20-21 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. ... For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.
Jude 1:19 These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.

for:

Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.
Psalms 37:28 For the LORD loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.
Psalms 125:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] They that trust in the LORD [shall be] as mount Zion, [which] cannot be removed, [but] abideth for ever. ... As the mountains [are] round about Jerusalem, so the LORD [is] round about his people from henceforth even for ever.
Jeremiah 32:38-40 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God: ... And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
Mark 13:22 For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if [it were] possible, even the elect.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 6:37-39 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. ... And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
John 10:28-30 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any [man] pluck them out of my hand. ... I and [my] Father are one.
2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
1 Peter 1:2-5 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. ... Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, [and] called:

they might:

Romans 9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they [are] not all Israel, which are of Israel:
Romans 11:5-6 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. ... And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
1 Corinthians 11:19 For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
2 Timothy 3:9 But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all [men], as theirs also was.
Hebrews 10:39 But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
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Dt 13:13. Jb 17:9. Ps 37:28; 41:9; 125:1. Jr 32:38. Mt 13:20; 24:24. Mk 4:5, 16; 13:22. Lk 8:13. Jn 4:14; 6:37; 10:28; 15:2. Ac 15:24; 20:30. Ro 9:6; 11:5. 1Co 11:19. 2Ti 2:10, 19; 3:9. He 10:39. 1P 1:2. 2P 2:20. Jde 1:1, 19.

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