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1 John 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Little children, it is the last hour: and as ye heard that antichrist cometh, even now have there arisen many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last hour.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Children, it is the last hour; and just as you heard that antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have appeared; from this we know that it is the last hour.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist cometh, even now are there many antichrists; by which we know that it is the last time.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Little children, it is [the] last hour, and, according as ye have heard that antichrist comes, even now there have come many antichrists, whence we know that it is [the] last hour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Little children! it is, the last hour; and, just as ye have heard that, an antichrist, is coming, even now, antichrists have become, many, whence we perceive that it is, the last hour:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Little youths, it is the last hour; and even as ye heard that the antichrist doth come, even now antichrists have become many—whence we know that it is the last hour;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Little children, it is the last hour: and as you have heard that Antichrist cometh, even now there are become many Antichrists: whereby we know that it is the last hour.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Little children, it is the last time: and as yee haue heard that Antichrist shall come, euen now are there many Antichrists, whereby wee know that it is the last time.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— My sons, it is the last time: and as you have heard, the false meshiha cometh; and now there are many false meshihas, and from this we know that it is the last time.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— My children, it is the latter time; and as ye have heard that a false Messiah was to arise, so there are now many false Messiahs; and from this we know that it is the latter time.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Little children, 3813
{3813} Prime
παιδίον
paidion
{pahee-dee'-on}
Neuter diminutive of G3816; a childling (of either sex), that is, (properly) an infant, or (by extension) a half grown boy or girl; figuratively an immature Christian.
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
time: 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
ye have heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
antichrist 500
{0500} Prime
ἀντίχριστος
antichristos
{an-tee'-khris-tos}
From G0473 and G5547; an opponent of the Messiah.
shall come, 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
are x1096
(1096) Complement
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
there y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5754
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
antichrists; 500
{0500} Prime
ἀντίχριστος
antichristos
{an-tee'-khris-tos}
From G0473 and G5547; an opponent of the Messiah.
whereby 3606
{3606} Prime
ὅθεν
hothen
{hoth'-en}
From G3739 with the directive enclitic of source; from which place or source or cause (adverbially or conjugationally).
we know 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
time. 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 2:18

_ _ Little children — same Greek as 1 John 2:13; children in age. After the fathers and young men were gone, “the last time” with its “many Antichrists” was about to come suddenly on the children. “In this last hour we all even still live” [Bengel]. Each successive age has had in it some of the signs of “the last time” which precedes Christ’s coming, in order to keep the Church in continual waiting for the Lord. The connection with 1 John 2:15-17 is: There are coming those seducers who are of the world (1 John 4:5), and would tempt you to go out from us (1 John 2:19) and deny Christ (1 John 2:22).

_ _ as ye have heard — from the apostles, preachers of the Gospel (for example, 2 Thessalonians 2:3-10; and in the region of Ephesus, Acts 20:29, Acts 20:30).

_ _ shall comeGreek, “cometh,” namely, out of his own place. Antichrist is interpreted in two ways: a false Christ (Matthew 24:5, Matthew 24:24), literally, “instead of Christ”; or an adversary of Christ, literally, “against Christ.” As John never uses pseudo-Christ, or “false Christ,” for Antichrist, it is plain he means an adversary of Christ, claiming to himself what belongs to Christ, and wishing to substitute himself for Christ as the supreme object of worship. He denies the Son, not merely, like the pope, acts in the name of the Son, 2 Thessalonians 2:4, “Who opposeth himself (Greek, “ANTI-keimenos”) [to] all that is called God,” decides this. For God’s great truth, “God is man,” he would substitute his own lie, “man is God” [Trench].

_ _ are thereGreek, “there have begun to be”; there have arisen. These “many Antichrists” answer to “the spirit of lawlessness (Greek) doth already work.” The Antichristian principle appeared then, as now, in evil men and evil teachings and writings; but still “THE Antichrist” means a hostile person, even as “THE Christ” is a personal Savior. As “cometh” is used of Christ, so here of Antichrist, the embodiment in his own person of all the Antichristian features and spirit of those “many Antichrists” which have been, and are, his forerunners. John uses the singular of him. No other New Testament writer uses the term. He probably answers to “the little horn having the eyes of a man, and speaking great things” (Daniel 7:8, Daniel 7:20); “the man of sin, son of perdition” (2 Thessalonians 2:3); “the beast ascending out of the bottomless pit” (Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8), or rather, “the false prophet,” the same as “the second beast coming up out of the earth” (Revelation 13:11-18; Revelation 16:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 John 2:18-19

_ _ Here is, I. A moral prognostication of the time; the end is coming: Little children, it is the last time, 1 John 2:18. Some may suppose that the apostle here addresses the first rank of Christians again; the juniors are most apt to be seduced, and therefore, “Little children, you that are young in religion, take heed to yourselves that you be not corrupted.” But it may be, as elsewhere, a universal appellation, introductive of an alarm to all Christians: “Little children, it is the last time; our Jewish polity in church and state is hastening to an end; the Mosaic institution and discipline are just upon vanishing away; Daniel's weeks are now expiring; the destruction of the Hebrew city and sanctuary is approaching, the end whereof must be with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are determined,Daniel 9:26. It is meet that the disciples should be warned of the haste and end of time, and apprised as much as may be of the prophetic periods of time.

_ _ II. The sign of this last time: Even now there are many antichrists (1 John 2:18), many that oppose the person, doctrine, and kingdom of Christ. It is a mysterious portion of providence that antichrists should be permitted; but, when they have come, it is good and safe that the disciples should be informed of them; ministers should be watchmen to the house of Israel. Now it should be no great offence nor prejudice to the disciples that there are such antichrists: 1. One great one has been foretold: As you have heard that antichrist shall come, 1 John 2:18. The generality of the church have been informed by divine revelation that there must be a long and fatal adversary to Christ and his church, 2 Thessalonians 2:8-10. No wonder then that there are many harbingers and forerunners of the great one: Even now there are many antichrists, the mystery of iniquity already worketh. 2. They were foretold also as the sign of this last time. For there shall arise false Christs and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders, insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect, Matthew 24:24. And these were the forerunners of the dissolution of the Jewish state, nation, and religion: Whereby we know it is the last time, 1 John 2:18. Let the prediction that we see there has been of seducers arising in the Christian world fortify us against their seduction.

_ _ III. Some account of these seducers or antichrists. 1. More positively. They were once entertainers or professors of apostolical doctrine: “They went out from us (1 John 2:19), from our company and communion;” possibly from the church of Jerusalem, or some of the churches of Judea, as Acts 15:1, Certain men came down from Judea, and taught the brethren, etc. The purest churches may have their apostates and revolters; the apostolic doctrine did not convert all whom it convinced of its truth. 2. More privately. “They were not inwardly such as we are: But they were not of us; they had not from the heart obeyed the form of sound doctrine delivered to them; they were not of our union with Christ the head.” Then here is, (1.) The reason upon which it is concluded that they were not of us, were not what they pretended, or what we are, and that is their actual defection: “For, if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us (1 John 2:19); had the sacred truth been rooted in their hearts it would have held them with us; had they had the anointing from above, by which they had been made true and real Christians, they would not have turned antichrists.” Those that apostatize from religion sufficiently indicate that, before, they were hypocrites in religion: those who have imbibed the spirit of gospel truth have a good preservative against destructive error. (2.) The reason why they are permitted thus to depart from apostolical doctrine and communion — that their insincerity may be detected: But this was done (or they went out) that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us, 1 John 2:19. The church knows not well who are its vital members and who are not; and therefore the church, considered as internally sanctified, may well be styled invisible. Some of the hypocritical must be manifested here, and that for their own shame and benefit too, in their reduction to the truth, if they have not sinned unto death, and for the terror and caution of others. You therefore, beloved, seeing you know these things before, beware lest you also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness. But grow in grace, etc., 2 Peter 3:17, 2 Peter 3:18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 2:18

My little children, it is the last time — The last dispensation of grace, that which is to continue to the end of time, is begun. Ye have heard that antichrist cometh — Under the term antichrist, or the spirit of antichrist, he includes all false teachers and enemies to the truth; yea, whatever doctrines or men are contrary to Christ. It seems to have been long after this that the name of antichrist was appropriated to that grand adversary of Christ, "the man of sin," 2 Thessalonians 2:3 Antichrist, in St. John's sense, that is, antichristianism, has been spreading from his time till now; and will do so, till that great adversary arises, and is destroyed by Christ's coming.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 2:18

(16) (n) Little children, (17) it is the last time: (18) and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.

(16) Now, he turns himself to little children, which nonetheless are well instructed in the sum of religion, and wills them by various reasons to shake off laziness, which is too familiar with that age.

(n) He uses this word "Little" not because he speaks to children, but to allure them the more by using such sweet words.

(17) First, because the last time is at hand, so that the matter suffers no delay.

(18) Secondly, because antichrists, that is, such as fall from God, are already come, even as they heard that they would come. And it was necessary to warn that careless and fearless age of the danger.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Little:

1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
John 21:5 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.

it is:

2 Timothy 3:1 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by [his] Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
1 Peter 1:20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,
Jude 1:18 How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.

ye have:

1 John 4:3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that [spirit] of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
Matthew 24:5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
Matthew 24:11 And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.
Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
Mark 13:6 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am [Christ]; and shall deceive many.
Mark 13:21-22 And then if any man shall say to you, Lo, here [is] Christ; or, lo, [he is] there; believe [him] not: ... For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if [it were] possible, even the elect.
Acts 20:29-30 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. ... Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
2 Thessalonians 2:3-12 Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
1 Timothy 4:1-3 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; ... Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
2 Timothy 3:1-6 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. ... For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
2 Timothy 4:3-4 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; ... And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.

antichrist:

1 John 2:22 Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.
1 John 4:3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that [spirit] of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

whereby:

1 Timothy 4:1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;
2 Timothy 3:1 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
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Mt 24:5, 11, 24. Mk 13:6, 21. Jn 21:5. Ac 20:29. 2Th 2:3. 1Ti 4:1. 2Ti 3:1; 4:3. He 1:2. 1P 1:5, 20. 2P 2:1; 3:3. 1Jn 2:1, 22; 4:3. 2Jn 1:7. Jde 1:18.

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