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1 John 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If we confess our sins, he is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If we confess our sins, he is faithful and righteous to forgive us [our] sins, and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If we are confessing our sins, faithful, is he and, righteous—that he should forgive us our sins, and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— if we may confess our sins, stedfast He is and righteous that He may forgive us the sins, and may cleanse us from every unrighteousness;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just, to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If we confesse our sinnes, hee is faithfull, & iust to forgiue vs our sinnes, and to cleanse vs from all vnrighteousnesse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But if we confess our sins, he is faithful and righteous, to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all our iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
we confess 3670
{3670} Prime
ὁμολογέω
homologeo
{hom-ol-og-eh'-o}
From a compound of the base of G3674 and G3056; to assent, that is, covenant, acknowledge.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
sins, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
he is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
faithful 4103
{4103} Prime
πιστός
pistos
{pis-tos'}
From G3982; objectively trustworthy; subjectively trustful.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
just 1342
{1342} Prime
δίκαιος
dikaios
{dik'-ah-yos}
From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively).
to 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
forgive 863
{0863} Prime
ἀφίημι
aphiemi
{af-ee'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send; an intensive form of εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go)); to send forth, in various applications.
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
[our] sins, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to cleanse 2511
{2511} Prime
καθαρίζω
katharizo
{kath-ar-id'-zo}
From G2513; to cleanse (literally or figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
unrighteousness. 93
{0093} Prime
ἀδικία
adikia
{ad-ee-kee'-ah}
From G0094; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of charater, life or act).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 1:9

_ _ confess — with the lips, speaking from a contrite heart; involving also confession to our fellow men of offenses committed against them.

_ _ he — God.

_ _ faithful — to His own promises; “true” to His word.

_ _ just — Not merely the mercy, but the justice or righteousness of God is set forth in the redemption of the penitent believer in Christ. God’s promises of mercy, to which He is faithful, are in accordance with His justice.

_ _ toGreek, “in order that.” His forgiving us our sins and cleansing us, etc., is in furtherance of the ends of His eternal faithfulness and justice.

_ _ forgive — remitting the guilt.

_ _ cleanse — purify from all filthiness, so that henceforth we more and more become free from the presence of sin through the Spirit of sanctification (compare Hebrews 9:14; and above, see on 1 John 1:7).

_ _ unrighteousness — offensive to Him who “is just” or righteous; called “sin,” 1 John 1:7, because “sin is the transgression of the law,” and the law is the expression of God’s righteousness, so that sin is unrighteousness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 1:8-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 1:9

But if with a penitent and believing heart, we confess our sins, he is faithful — Because he had promised this blessing, by the unanimous voice of all his prophets. Just — Surely then he will punish: no; for this very reason he will pardon. This may seem strange; but upon the evangelical principle of atonement and redemption, it is undoubtedly true; because, when the debt is paid, or the purchase made, it is the part of equity to cancel the bond, and consign over the purchased possession. Both to forgive us our sins — To take away all the guilt of them. And to cleanse us from all unrighteousness — To purify our souls from every kind and every degree of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 1:9

(6) If we confess our sins, he is (g) faithful and just to (h) forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

(6) Therefore the beginning of salvation is to acknowledge our wickedness and to require pardon from him, who freely forgives all sins, because he has promised to do so and he is faithful and just.

(g) So then our salvation depends on the free promise of God, who because he is faithful and just, will perform that which he hath promised.

(h) Where then are our merits? for this is our true happiness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we confess:

Leviticus 26:40-42 If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me; ... Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.
1 Kings 8:47 [Yet] if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent, and make supplication unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness;
2 Chronicles 6:37-38 Yet [if] they bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt wickedly; ... If they return to thee with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, whither they have carried them captives, and pray toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, and [toward] the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house which I have built for thy name:
Nehemiah 1:6 Let thine ear now be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, which I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father's house have sinned.
Nehemiah 9:2-37 And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers. ... And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we [are] in great distress.
Job 33:27-28 He looketh upon men, and [if any] say, I have sinned, and perverted [that which was] right, and it profited me not; ... He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
Psalms 32:5 I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.
Psalms 51:2-5 Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. ... Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
Proverbs 28:13 He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh [them] shall have mercy.
Daniel 9:4-20 And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments; ... And whiles I [was] speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;
Matthew 3:6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.
Mark 1:5 And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.
Acts 19:18 And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds.

he is:

Deuteronomy 7:9 Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he [is] God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations;
Lamentations 3:23 [They are] new every morning: great [is] thy faithfulness.
1 Corinthians 1:9 God [is] faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 Timothy 1:15 This [is] a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.
Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;)
Hebrews 11:11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised.

just:

Isaiah 45:21 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me.
Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Hebrews 6:10 For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister.
Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous [are] thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true [are] thy ways, thou King of saints.

and to:

1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
Psalms 19:12 Who can understand [his] errors? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].
Psalms 51:2 Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
Jeremiah 33:8 And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, whereby they have sinned against me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me.
Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
Ezekiel 37:23 Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:40. Dt 7:9. 1K 8:47. 2Ch 6:37. Ne 1:6; 9:2. Jb 33:27. Ps 19:12; 32:5; 51:2. Pv 28:13. Is 45:21. Jr 33:8. Lm 3:23. Ezk 36:25; 37:23. Dn 9:4. Zc 9:9. Mt 3:6. Mk 1:5. Ac 19:18. Ro 3:26. 1Co 1:9; 6:11. Ep 5:26. 1Ti 1:15. Tit 2:14. He 6:10; 10:23; 11:11. 1Jn 1:7. Rv 15:3.

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