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1 John 1:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If we say that we have fellowship with him and walk in the darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If we say that we have fellowship with Him and [yet] walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not practise the truth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If we say—We have, fellowship, with him! and, in darkness, are walking, we are dealing falsely, and not doing the truth;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— if we may say—'we have fellowship with Him,' and in the darkness may walk—we lie, and do not the truth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If we say that we have fellowship with him and walk in darkness, we lie and do not the truth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If we say that we haue felowship with him, and walke in darkenesse, we lie, and doe not the trueth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if we say that we have communion with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and in the truth do not proceed;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if we say that we have fellowship with him, and we walk in the darkness, we are liars, and walk not in the truth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
we say 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
we have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
fellowship 2842
{2842} Prime
κοινωνία
koinonia
{koy-nohn-ee'-ah}
From G2844; partnership, that is, (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
walk 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
darkness, 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
we lie, 5574
{5574} Prime
ψεύδομαι
pseudomai
{psyoo'-dom-ahee}
Middle voice of an apparently primary verb; to utter an untruth or attempt to deceive by falsehood.
z5727
<5727> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Either Middle or Passive (See G5787)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 10
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
do 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
truth: 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 1:6

_ _ say — profess.

_ _ have fellowship with him — (1 John 1:3). The essence of the Christian life.

_ _ walk — in inward and outward action, whithersoever we turn ourselves [Bengel].

_ _ in darknessGreek, “in the darkness”; opposed to “the light” (compare 1 John 2:8, 1 John 2:11).

_ _ lie — (1 John 2:4).

_ _ do not — in practice, whatever we say.

_ _ the truth — (Ephesians 4:21; John 3:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 1:5-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 1:6

If we say — Either with our tongue, or in our heart, if we endeavour to persuade either ourselves or others. We have fellowship with him, while we walk, either inwardly or outwardly, in darkness — In sin of any kind. We do not the truth — Our actions prove, that the truth is not in us.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
If:

1 John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
1 John 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
1 John 2:4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
1 John 4:20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen?
Matthew 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
James 2:14 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?
James 2:16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
James 2:18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.
Revelation 3:17-18 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked: ... I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

fellowship:

1 John 1:3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
Psalms 5:4-6 For thou [art] not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with thee. ... Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man.
Psalms 94:20 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law?
2 Corinthians 6:14-16 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? ... And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in [them]; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

walk:

1 John 2:9-11 He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now. ... But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.
Psalms 82:5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.
Proverbs 2:13 Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness;
Proverbs 4:18-19 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day. ... The way of the wicked [is] as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
John 11:10 But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.
John 12:35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.

we lie:

1 John 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
1 John 4:20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen?
John 8:44-45 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. ... And because I tell [you] the truth, ye believe me not.
1 Timothy 4:2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

do not:

John 3:21 But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 5:4; 82:5; 94:20. Pv 2:13; 4:18. Mt 7:22. Jn 3:19, 21; 8:44; 11:10; 12:35, 46. 2Co 6:14. 1Ti 4:2. Jm 2:14, 16, 18. 1Jn 1:3, 8, 10; 2:4, 9; 4:20. Rv 3:17.

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