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1 Corinthians 9:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What soldier ever serveth at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not the fruit thereof? Or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who at any time serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat the fruit of it? Or who tends a flock and does not use the milk of the flock?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who goeth a warfare at any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of its fruit? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who ever carries on war at his own charges? who plants a vineyard and does not eat of its fruit? or who herds a flock and does not eat of the milk of the flock?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who serveth as a soldier, at his own charges, at any time? Who planteth a vineyard,—and, the fruit thereof, doth not eat? [Or] who shepherdeth a flock,—and, of the milk of the flock, doth not eat?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who doth serve as a soldier at his own charges at any time? who doth plant a vineyard, and of its fruit doth not eat? or who doth feed a flock, and of the milk of the flock doth not eat?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who serveth as a soldier, at any time, at his own charges? Who planteth a vineyard and eateth not of the fruit thereof? Who feedeth the flock and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who goeth a warfare any time at his owne charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruite thereof? or who feedeth a flocke, and eateth not of the milke of the flocke?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Who serveth at service at the expenses of himself? or who planteth the vinery, and from the fruits thereof eateth not? or who pastureth sheep, and from the milk of the flock eateth not?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Who, that serveth in war, [doth so] at his own expense? Or who, that planteth a vineyard, eateth not of its fruits? Or who, that tendeth sheep, eateth not of the milk of his flocks?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
goeth a warfare 4754
{4754} Prime
στρατεύομαι
strateuomai
{strat-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from the base of G4756; to serve in a military campaign; figuratively to execute the apostolate (with its arduous duties and functions), to contend with carnal inclinations.
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
any time x4218
(4218) Complement
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
at y4218
[4218] Standard
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
his own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
charges? 3800
{3800} Prime
ὀψώνιον
opsonion
{op-so'-nee-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the same as G3795; rations for a soldier, that is, (by extension) his stipend or pay.
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
planteth 5452
{5452} Prime
φυτεύω
phuteuo
{foot-yoo'-o}
From a derivative of G5453; to set out in the earth, that is, implant. Figuratively to instil doctrine.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a vineyard, 290
{0290} Prime
ἀμπελών
ampelon
{am-pel-ohn'}
From G0288; a vineyard.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
eateth 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fruit 2590
{2590} Prime
καρπός
karpos
{kar-pos'}
Probably from the base of G0726; fruit (as plucked), literally or figuratively.
thereof? y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
feedeth 4165
{4165} Prime
ποιμαίνω
poimaino
{poy-mah'-ee-no}
From G4166; to tend as a shepherd (or figuratively superviser).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a flock, 4167
{4167} Prime
ποίμνη
poimne
{poym'-nay}
Contracted from G4165; a flock (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
eateth 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
milk 1051
{1051} Prime
γάλα
gala
{gal'-ah}
Of uncertain affinity; milk (figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flock? 4167
{4167} Prime
ποίμνη
poimne
{poym'-nay}
Contracted from G4165; a flock (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 9:7

_ _ The minister is spiritually a soldier (2 Timothy 2:3), a vine-dresser (1 Corinthians 3:6-8; Song of Songs 1:6), and a shepherd (1 Peter 5:2, 1 Peter 5:4).

_ _ of the fruit — The oldest manuscripts omit “of.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 9:7

(5) Who (g) goeth a warfare any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?

(5) That he may not seem to burden the apostles, he shows that it is just that they do, by an argument of comparison, seeing that soldiers live by their wages, and husbandmen by the fruits of their labours, and shepherds by that which comes of their flocks.

(g) Goes to warfare?

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
goeth:

2 Corinthians 10:4-5 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) ... Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
1 Timothy 1:18 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
1 Timothy 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
2 Timothy 2:3-4 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. ... No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of [this] life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
2 Timothy 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished [my] course, I have kept the faith:

planteth:

1 Corinthians 3:6-8 I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. ... Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour.
Deuteronomy 20:6 And what man [is he] that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not [yet] eaten of it? let him [also] go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.
Proverbs 27:18 Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured.
Song of Songs 8:12 My vineyard, which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Solomon, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.

or:

Jeremiah 23:2-3 Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD. ... And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.
John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

eateth not of the milk:

Proverbs 27:27 And [thou shalt have] goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household, and [for] the maintenance for thy maidens.
Isaiah 7:22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk [that] they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land.
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Dt 20:6. Pv 27:18, 27. So 8:12. Is 7:22. Jr 23:2. Jn 21:15. Ac 20:28. 1Co 3:6. 2Co 10:4. 1Ti 1:18; 6:12. 2Ti 2:3; 4:7. 1P 5:2.

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