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1 Corinthians 9:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Have we no right to lead about a wife that is a believer, even as the rest of the apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do we not have a right to take along a believing wife, even as the rest of the apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— have we not a right to take round a sister [as] wife, as also the other apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Have we not a right to take round, a sister wife,—as even the rest of the apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— have we not authority a sister—a wife—to lead about, as also the other apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Have we not power to carry about a woman, a sister as well as the rest of the apostles and the brethren of the Lord and Cephas?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue we not power to lead about a sister a wife aswel as other Apostles, and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— or have we not authority a sister, a wife, to lead about with us, as the rest of the apostles, and as the brethren of our Lord, and as Kipha?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or have we not authority to carry about with us a sister as a wife; just as the other legates, and the brothers of our Lord, and as Cephas?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
we y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3378
{3378} Prime
μὴ οὐκ
me ouk
{may ook}
That is, G3361 and G3756; as interrogitive and negative is it not that?.
power 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
to lead about 4013
{4013} Prime
περιάγω
periago
{per-ee-ag'-o}
From G4012 and G0071; to take around (as a companion); reflexively to walk around.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
a sister, 79
{0079} Prime
ἀδελφή
adelphe
{ad-el-fay'}
Feminine of G0080; a sister (natural or ecclesiastical).
a wife, 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
as well as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
other 3062
{3062} Prime
λοιποί
loipoy
{loy-poy'}
Masculine plural of a derivative of G3007; remaining ones.
apostles, 652
{0652} Prime
ἀπόστολος
apostolos
{ap-os'-tol-os}
From G0649; a delegate; specifically an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ ('apostle'), (with miraculous powers).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[as] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
brethren 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Cephas? 2786
{2786} Prime
Κηφᾶς
Kephas
{kay-fas'}
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H3710]); the Rock; Cephas (that is, Kepha), surname of Peter.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 9:5

_ _ lead about a sister, a wife — that is, “a sister as a wife”; “a sister” by faith, which makes all believers brethren and sisters in the one family of God: “a wife” by marriage covenant. Paul implies he did not exercise his undoubted right to marry and “lead about” a believer, for the sake of Christian expediency, as well to save the Church the expense of maintaining her in his wide circuits, as also that he might give himself more undistractedly to building up the Church of Christ (1 Corinthians 7:26, 1 Corinthians 7:32, 1 Corinthians 7:35). Contrast the Corinthians’ want of self-sacrifice in the exercise of their “liberty” at the cost of destroying, instead of edifying, the Church (1 Corinthians 8:9, Margin; 1 Corinthians 8:10-13).

_ _ as other apostles — implying that some of them had availed themselves of the power which they all had, of marrying. We know from Matthew 8:14, that Cephas (Peter) was a married man. A confutation of Peter’s self-styled followers, the Romanists, who exclude the clergy from marriage. Clement of Alexandria [Miscellanies, 7.63] records a tradition that he encouraged his wife when being led to death by saying, “Remember, my dear one, the Lord.” Compare Eusebius [Eccleiastical History, 3.30].

_ _ brethren of the Lord — held in especial esteem on account of their relationship to Jesus (Acts 1:14; Galatians 1:9). James, Joses, Simon, and Judas. Probably cousins of Jesus: as cousins were termed by the Jews “brethren.” Alford makes them literally brothers of Jesus by Joseph and Mary.

_ _ Cephas — probably singled out as being a name carrying weight with one partisan section at Corinth. “If your favorite leader does so, surely so may I” (1 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Corinthians 3:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 9:5

Have we not power to lead about with us a sister, a wife — And to demand sustenance for her also? As well as the other apostles — Who therefore, it is plain, did this. And Peter — Hence we learn, That St. Peter continued to live with his wife after he became an apostle: That he had no rights as an apostle which were not common to St. Paul.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 9:5

Have we not power to lead about a (e) sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?

(e) One that is a Christian and a true believer.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to lead:

1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
Titus 1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
Hebrews 13:4 Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.

a sister:

1 Corinthians 7:15 But if the unbelieving depart, let him depart. A brother or a sister is not under bondage in such [cases]: but God hath called us to peace.
1 Corinthians 7:39 The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.
Song of Songs 4:9-10 Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck. ... How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!
Song of Songs 4:12 A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
Song of Songs 5:1-2 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved. ... I sleep, but my heart waketh: [it is] the voice of my beloved that knocketh, [saying], Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, [and] my locks with the drops of the night.
Romans 16:1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:
1 Timothy 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

wife:
or, woman

the brethren:

Matthew 12:46-50 While he yet talked to the people, behold, [his] mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him. ... For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Matthew 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?
Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.
Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
John 2:12 After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
Acts 1:14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.
Galatians 1:19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

Cephas:

1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
Matthew 8:14 And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, he saw his wife's mother laid, and sick of a fever.
Mark 1:30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her.
John 1:42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

So 4:9, 12; 5:1. Mt 8:14; 12:46; 13:55. Mk 1:30; 6:3. Lk 6:15. Jn 1:42; 2:12. Ac 1:14. Ro 16:1. 1Co 1:12; 7:15, 39. Ga 1:19. 1Ti 3:2; 4:3; 5:2. Tit 1:6. He 13:4.

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