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1 Corinthians 9:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but I buffet my body, and bring it into bondage: lest by any means, after that I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I keep under my body, and bring [it] into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but I discipline my body and make it my slave, so that, after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I keep under my body, and bring [it] into subjection: lest by any means when I have preached to others, I myself should be a cast-away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I buffet my body, and lead it captive, lest [after] having preached to others I should be myself rejected.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But am beating my body under, and leading it captive, lest, by any means,—unto others, having proclaimed, [the contest], I myself, should be rejected.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but I chastise my body, and bring [it] into servitude, lest by any means, having preached to others—I myself may become disapproved.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I chastise my body and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I keepe vnder my body, and bring it into subiection: lest that by any meanes when I haue preached to others, I my selfe should be a castaway.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but my body I subdue and make subservient, lest when to others I shall have preached, I my very self shall be rejected.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— but I subdue my body, and reduce it to servitude; lest, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a reprobate.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
I keep under 5299
{5299} Prime
ὑπωπιάζω
hupopiazo
{hoop-o-pee-ad'-zo}
From a compound of G5259 and a derivative of G3700; to hit under the eye (buffet or disable an antagonist as a pugilist), that is, (figuratively) to tease or annoy (into compliance), subdue (one's passions).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
body, 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
bring [it] into subjection: 1396
{1396} Prime
δουλαγωγέω
doulagogeo
{doo-lag-ogue-eh'-o}
From a presumed compound of G1401 and G0071; to be a slave driver, that is, to enslave (figuratively subdue).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
lest that by any means, 3381
{3381} Prime
μήπως
mepos
{may'-pos}
From G3361 and G4458; lest somehow.
y4458
[4458] Standard
-πώς
-pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4225; an enclitic particle of indefiniteness of manner; somehow or anyhow; used only in compounds.
when I have preached 2784
{2784} Prime
κηρύσσω
kerusso
{kay-roos'-so}
Of uncertain affinity; to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the gospel).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
to others, 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
I myself y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
should be 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5638
<5638> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 66
a castaway. 96
{0096} Prime
ἀδόκιμος
adokimos
{ad-ok'-ee-mos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1384; unapproved, that is, rejected; by implication worthless (literally or morally).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 9:27

_ _ keep under — literally, “bruise the face under the eyes,” so as to render it black and blue; so, to chastise in the most sensitive part. Compare “mortify the deeds of the body,” Romans 8:13; also 1 Peter 2:11. It is not ascetic fasts or macerations of the body which are here recommended, but the keeping under of our natural self-seeking, so as, like Paul, to lay ourselves out entirely for the great work.

_ _ my body — the old man and the remainders of lust in my flesh. “My body,” so far as by the flesh it opposes the spirit [Estius] (Galatians 5:17). Men may be severe to their bodies and yet indulge their lust. Ascetic “neglect of the body” may be all the while a more subtle “satisfying of the flesh” (Colossians 2:23). Unless the soul keep the body under, the body will get above the soul. The body may be made a good servant, but is a bad master.

_ _ bring it into subjection — or bondage, as a slave or servant led away captive; so the Greek.

_ _ preached — literally, “heralded.” He keeps up the image from the races. The heralds summoned the candidates for the foot race into the race course [Plato, Laws, 8.833], and placed the crowns on the brows of the conquerors, announcing their names [Bengel]. They probably proclaimed also the laws of the combat; answering to the preaching of the apostles [Alford]. The Christian herald is also a combatant, in which respect he is distinguished from the herald at the games.

_ _ a castaway — failing shamefully of the prize myself, after I have called others to the contest. Rejected by God, the Judge of the Christian race, notwithstanding my having, by my preaching, led others to be accepted. Compare the equivalent term, “reprobate,” Jeremiah 6:30; 2 Corinthians 13:6. Paul implies, if such earnest, self-denying watchfulness over himself be needed still, with all his labors for others, to make his own calling sure, much more is the same needed by the Corinthians, instead of their going, as they do, to the extreme limit of Christian liberty.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:24-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 9:27

But I keep under my body — By all kinds of self denial. And bring it into subjection — To my spirit and to God. The words are strongly figurative, and signify the mortification of the body of sin, "by an allusion to the natural bodies of those who were bruised or subdued in combat. Lest by any means after having preached — The Greek word means, after having discharged the office of an herald, (still carrying on the allusion,) whose office it was to proclaim the conditions, and to display the prizes. I myself should become a reprobate — Disapproved by the Judge, and so falling short of the prize. This single text may give us a just notion of the scriptural doctrine of election and reprobation; and clearly shows us, that particular persons are not in holy writ represented as elected absolutely and unconditionally to eternal life, or predestinated absolutely and unconditionally to eternal death; but that believers in general are elected to enjoy the Christian privileges on earth; which if they abuse, those very elect persons will become reprobate. St. Paul was certainly an elect person, if ever there was one; and yet he declares it was possible he himself might become a reprobate. Nay, he actually would have become such, if he had not thus kept his body under, even though he had been so long an elect person, a Christian, and an apostle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 9:27

But I keep under my (t) body, and bring [it] into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be (u) a castaway.

(t) The old man which strives against the Spirit.

(u) Or, "reproved". And this word "reproved" is not contrasted with the word "elect", but with the word "approved", when we see someone who is experienced not to be such a one as he ought to be.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I keep:

1 Corinthians 9:25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they [do it] to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
1 Corinthians 4:11-12 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace; ... And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it:
1 Corinthians 6:12-13 All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any. ... Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body [is] not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.
1 Corinthians 8:13 Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend.
Romans 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
2 Corinthians 6:4-5 But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, ... In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;
2 Corinthians 11:27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:
2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
1 Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

and:

Romans 6:18-19 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. ... I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.

lest:

1 Corinthians 13:1-3 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... And though I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Psalms 50:16 But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or [that] thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth?
Matthew 7:21-23 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. ... And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
Luke 12:45-47 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken; ... And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes].
Luke 13:26-27 Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. ... But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all [ye] workers of iniquity.
2 Peter 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;

a castaway:

Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall [men] call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.
Luke 9:25 For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away?
Acts 1:25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
2 Corinthians 13:5-6 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates? ... But I trust that ye shall know that we are not reprobates.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 50:16. Jr 6:30. Mt 7:21. Lk 9:25; 12:45; 13:26. Ac 1:25. Ro 6:18; 8:13. 1Co 4:11; 6:12; 8:13; 9:25; 13:1. 2Co 6:4; 11:27; 13:5. Col 3:5. 2Ti 2:22. 1P 2:11. 2P 2:15.

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