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1 Corinthians 9:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— To the weak I became weak, that I might gain the weak: I am become all things to all men, that I may by all means save some.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all [men], that I might by all means save some.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak; I have become all things to all men, so that I may by all means save some.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To the weak I became as weak, that I might gain the weak: I have become all things to all [men], that I might by all means save some.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I became to the weak, [as] weak, in order that I might gain the weak. To all I have become all things, in order that at all events I might save some.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I became, unto the weak, weak,—that, the weak, I might win;—to all men, have I become all things, that, by all means, some, I might save.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I became to the infirm as infirm, that the infirm I might gain; to all men I have become all things, that by all means I may save some.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To the weak I became weak, that I might gain the weak. I became all things to all men, that I might save all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To the weake became I as weake, that I might gaine the weake: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all meanes saue some.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I become with the weak as weak, that the weak I may gain. To all men all become I, that every man I may save.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I was with the weak, as weak, that I might gain the weak: I was all things to all men, that I might vivify every one.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
weak 772
{0772} Prime
ἀσθενής
asthenes
{as-then-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
became x1096
(1096) Complement
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
I y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
weak, 772
{0772} Prime
ἀσθενής
asthenes
{as-then-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
I might gain 2770
{2770} Prime
κερδαίνω
kerdaino
{ker-dah'-ee-no}
From G2771; to gain (literally or figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
weak: 772
{0772} Prime
ἀσθενής
asthenes
{as-then-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
I am made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5754
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
to all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
[men], that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
I might y4982
[4982] Standard
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
by all means 3843
{3843} Prime
πάντως
pantos
{pan'-toce}
From G3956; entirely; specifically at all events, (with negative following) in no event.
save 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
some. 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 9:22

_ _ gain the weak — that is, establish, instead of being a stumbling-block to inexperienced Christians (1 Corinthians 8:7) Romans 14:1, “Weak in the faith.” Alford thinks the “weak” are not Christians at all, for these have been already “won”; but those outside the Church, who are yet “without strength” to believe (Romans 5:6). But when “weak” Christians are by the condescending love of stronger brethren kept from falling from faith, they are well said to be “gained” or won.

_ _ by all means ... some — The gain of even “some” is worth the expenditure of “all means.” He conformed himself to the feelings of each in the several classes, that out of them all he might gain some.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:19-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 9:22

I became as weak — As if I had been scrupulous too. I became all things to all men — Accommodating myself to all, so far as I could consistent with truth and sincerity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 9:22

To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to (q) all [men], that I might by all means save some.

(q) In matters that are indifferent, which may be done or not done with a good conscience. It is as if he said, "I accommodated all customs and manners, that by all means I might save some."

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
To the weak:

1 Corinthians 8:13 Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend.
Romans 15:1 We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.
2 Corinthians 11:29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not?
Galatians 6:1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted.

I am:

1 Corinthians 10:33 Even as I please all [men] in all [things], not seeking mine own profit, but the [profit] of many, that they may be saved.

that I might by:

1 Corinthians 9:19 For though I be free from all [men], yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more.
1 Corinthians 7:16 For what knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save [thy] husband? or how knowest thou, O man, whether thou shalt save [thy] wife?
Romans 11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which are] my flesh, and might save some of them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ro 11:14; 15:1. 1Co 7:16; 8:13; 9:19; 10:33. 2Co 11:29. Ga 6:1.

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