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1 Corinthians 9:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to them that are without law, as without law, not being without law to God, but under law to Christ, that I might gain them that are without law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— to those who are without law, as without law, though not being without the law of God but under the law of Christ, so that I might win those who are without law.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to those without law, as without law, (not as without law to God, but as legitimately subject to Christ,) in order that I might gain [those] without law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To them who were without law, as, without law,—not being without law to God, but lawfully subject to Christ,—that I might win them who were without law.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to those without law, as without law—(not being without law to God, but within law to Christ)—that I might gain those without law;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To them that were without the law, as if I were without the law, (whereas I was not without the law of God, but was in the law of Christ,) that I might gain them that were without the law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To them that are without Law, as without Law (being not without Law to God, but vnder the Law to Christ,) that I might gaine them that are without Law.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and to those who have not the law I become as one without law, while I am not unto Aloha without law, but in the law of the Meshiha, that them also who have not law I may gain.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and to those who have not the law, I was as without the law, (although I am not without law to God, but under the law of the Messiah,) that I might gain them that are without the law.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To them that are without law, 459
{0459} Prime
ἄνομος
anomos
{an'-om-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3551; lawless, that is, (negatively) not subject to (the Jewish) law; (by implication a Gentile), or (positively) wicked.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
without law, 459
{0459} Prime
ἄνομος
anomos
{an'-om-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3551; lawless, that is, (negatively) not subject to (the Jewish) law; (by implication a Gentile), or (positively) wicked.
(being 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
without law 459
{0459} Prime
ἄνομος
anomos
{an'-om-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3551; lawless, that is, (negatively) not subject to (the Jewish) law; (by implication a Gentile), or (positively) wicked.
to God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
under the law 1772
{1772} Prime
ἔννομος
ennomos
{en'-nom-os}
From G1722 and G3551; (subjectively) legal, or (objectively) subject to.
to Christ,) 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
I might gain 2770
{2770} Prime
κερδαίνω
kerdaino
{ker-dah'-ee-no}
From G2771; to gain (literally or figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
them that are without law. 459
{0459} Prime
ἄνομος
anomos
{an'-om-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3551; lawless, that is, (negatively) not subject to (the Jewish) law; (by implication a Gentile), or (positively) wicked.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 9:21

_ _ To them ... without law — that is, without revealed law: the heathen (compare Romans 2:12 with 1 Corinthians 9:15).

_ _ as without law — not urging on them the ceremonies and “works of the law,” but “the hearing of faith” (Galatians 3:2). Also discoursing in their own manner, as at Athens, with arguments from their own poets (Acts 17:28).

_ _ being not without law to God — “While thus conforming to others in matters indifferent, taking care not to be without law in relation to God, but responsible to law (literally, “IN LAW”) in relation to Christ.” This is the Christian’s true position in relation to the world, to himself, and to God. Everything develops itself according to its proper law. So the Christian, though no longer subject to the literal law as constraining him from without, is subject to an inward principle or law, the spirit of faith in Christ acting from within as the germ of a new life. He does not in the Greek (as in English Version) say “under the law (as he does in 1 Corinthians 9:20) to Christ”; but uses the milder term, “in ... law,” responsible to law. Christ was responsible to the law for us, so that we are no longer responsible to it (Galatians 3:13, Galatians 3:24), but to Him, as the members to the Head (1 Corinthians 7:22; Romans 8:1-4; 1 Peter 2:16). Christians serve Christ in newness of spirit, no longer in oldness of the letter (that is, the old external law as such), Romans 7:4-6. To Christ, as man’s Head, the Father has properly delegated His authority (John 5:22, John 5:27); whence here he substitutes “Christ” for “God” in the second clause, “not without law to God, but under the law to Christ.” The law of Christ is the law of love (Galatians 6:2; compare Galatians 5:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:19-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 9:21

To them that are without the law — The heathens. As without the law — Neglecting its ceremonies. Being not without the law to God — But as much as ever under its moral precepts. Under the law to Christ — And in this sense all Christians will be under the law for ever.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
them:

Acts 15:28 For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things;
Acts 16:4 And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem.
Acts 21:25 As touching the Gentiles which believe, we have written [and] concluded that they observe no such thing, save only that they keep themselves from [things] offered to idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and from fornication.
Romans 2:12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;
Romans 2:14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:
Galatians 2:3-4 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: ... And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:
Galatians 2:12-14 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. ... But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
Galatians 3:2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

not:

1 Corinthians 7:19-22 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. ... For he that is called in the Lord, [being] a servant, is the Lord's freeman: likewise also he that is called, [being] free, is Christ's servant.
Psalms 119:32 I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart.
Matthew 5:17-20 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. ... For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed [the righteousness] of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Romans 7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.
Romans 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Romans 13:8-10 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. ... Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love [is] the fulfilling of the law.
Galatians 5:13-14 For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. ... For all the law is fulfilled in one word, [even] in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Ephesians 6:1-3 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. ... That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
1 Thessalonians 4:1-2 Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort [you] by the Lord Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God, [so] ye would abound more and more. ... For ye know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus.
Titus 2:2-12 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience. ... Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
Hebrews 8:10 For this [is] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
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Ps 119:32. Mt 5:17. Ac 15:28; 16:4; 21:25. Ro 2:12, 14; 7:22, 25; 8:4; 13:8. 1Co 7:19. Ga 2:3, 12; 3:2; 5:13, 22. Ep 6:1. 1Th 4:1. Tit 2:2. He 8:10.

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