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1 Corinthians 9:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What then is my reward? That, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel without charge, so as not to use to the full my right in the gospel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— What is my reward then? [Verily] that, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel of Christ without charge, that I abuse not my power in the gospel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— What then is my reward? That, when I preach the gospel, I may offer the gospel without charge, so as not to make full use of my right in the gospel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— What is my reward then? [Verily] that, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel of Christ without charge, that I may not abuse my power in the gospel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— What is the reward then that I have? That in announcing the glad tidings I make the glad tidings costless [to others], so as not to have made use, as belonging to me, of my right in [announcing] the glad tidings.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— What, then, is my reward? that, in telling the glad-message, free of cost, I should put the glad-message,—to the end I should not use to the full my right in the glad-message.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— What, then, is my reward?—that proclaiming good news, without charge I shall make the good news of the Christ, not to abuse my authority in the good news;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— What is my reward then? That preaching the gospel, I may deliver the gospel without charge, that I abuse not my power in the gospel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— What is my reward then? verily that when I preach the Gospel, I may make the Gospel of Christ without charge, that I abuse not my power in the Gospel.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— What, then, is my reward? That while preaching without expenses I may perform the annunciation of the Meshiha, and not abuse the power that is given to me in the gospel.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— What then is my reward? [It is,] that when I preach, I make the announcement of the Messiah without cost, and use not the prerogative given me in the gospel.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
What 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
my 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
reward 3408
{3408} Prime
μισθός
misthos
{mis-thos'}
Apparently a primary word; pay for service (literally or figuratively), good or bad.
then? 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
[Verily] that, 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
when I preach the gospel, 2097
{2097} Prime
εὐαγγελίζω
euaggelizo
{yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo}
From G2095 and G0032; to announce good news ('evangelize') especially the gospel.
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
I may make 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gospel 2098
{2098} Prime
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
{yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on}
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
of Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
without charge, 77
{0077} Prime
ἀδάπανος
adapanos
{ad-ap'-an-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1160; costless, that is, gratuitous.
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
I abuse 2710
{2710} Prime
καταχράομαι
katachraomai
{kat-akh-rah'-om-ahee}
From G2596 and G5530; to overuse, that is, misuse.
z5664
<5664> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 37
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
power 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gospel. 2098
{2098} Prime
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
{yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on}
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 9:18

_ _ What is my reward? — The answer is in 1 Corinthians 9:19; namely, that by making the Gospel without charge, where I might have rightfully claimed maintenance, I might “win the more.”

_ _ of Christ — The oldest manuscripts and versions omit these words.

_ _ abuse — rather “that I use not to the full my power.” This is his matter for “glorying”; the “reward” ultimately aimed at is the gaining of the more (1 Corinthians 9:19). The former, as involving the latter, is verbally made the answer to the question, “What is my reward?” But really the “reward” is that which is the ultimate aim of his preaching without charge, namely, that he may gain the more; it was for this end, not to have matter of glorying, that he did so.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 9:15-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 9:18

What then is my reward — That circumstance in my conduct for which I expect a peculiar reward from my great Master? That I abuse not — Make not an unseasonable use of my power which I have in preaching the gospel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 9:18

What is my reward then? [Verily] that, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel of Christ (o) without charge, that I abuse not my power in the gospel.

(o) By taking nothing from those to whom I preach it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

1 Corinthians 9:6-7 Or I only and Barnabas, have not we power to forbear working? ... Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
1 Corinthians 10:33 Even as I please all [men] in all [things], not seeking mine own profit, but the [profit] of many, that they may be saved.
2 Corinthians 4:5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.
2 Corinthians 11:7-9 Have I committed an offence in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I have preached to you the gospel of God freely? ... And when I was present with you, and wanted, I was chargeable to no man: for that which was lacking to me the brethren which came from Macedonia supplied: and in all [things] I have kept myself from being burdensome unto you, and [so] will I keep [myself].
2 Corinthians 12:13-18 For what is it wherein ye were inferior to other churches, except [it be] that I myself was not burdensome to you? forgive me this wrong. ... I desired Titus, and with [him] I sent a brother. Did Titus make a gain of you? walked we not in the same spirit? [walked we] not in the same steps?
1 Thessalonians 2:6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor [yet] of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.
2 Thessalonians 3:8-9 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you: ... Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.

that I:

1 Corinthians 7:31 And they that use this world, as not abusing [it]: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
1 Corinthians 8:9 But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to them that are weak.
Romans 14:15 But if thy brother be grieved with [thy] meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died.
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Ro 14:15. 1Co 7:31; 8:9; 9:6; 10:33. 2Co 4:5; 11:7; 12:13. 1Th 2:6. 2Th 3:8.

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