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1 Corinthians 8:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or on earth; as there are gods many, and lords many;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For even if there are so-called gods whether in heaven or on earth, as indeed there are many gods and many lords,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For though there are that are called gods, whether in heaven or upon earth, (as there are gods many, and lords many)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For and if indeed there are [those] called gods, whether in heaven or on earth, (as there are gods many, and lords many,)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, if indeed there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or upon earth,—as indeed there are gods many and lords many,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for even if there are those called gods, whether in heaven, whether upon earth—as there are gods many and lords many—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For although there be that are called gods, either in heaven or on earth (for there be gods many and lords many):
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For though there bee that are called gods, whether in heauen or in earth (as there be gods many, and lords many:)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For there are also who are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, as that there are gods many and lords many:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For although there are what are called gods, whether in heaven, or on earth, (as there are gods many, and lords many,)

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
though 1512
{1512} Prime
εἴ περ
ei per
{i per}
From G1487 and G4007; if perhaps.
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there be 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
that are called 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
gods, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
whether 1535
{1535} Prime
εἴτε
eite
{i'-teh}
From G1487 and G5037; if too.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
or 1535
{1535} Prime
εἴτε
eite
{i'-teh}
From G1487 and G5037; if too.
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
earth, 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
(as 5618
{5618} Prime
ὥσπερ
hosper
{hoce'-per}
From G5613 and G4007; just as, that is, exactly like.
there be 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
gods 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
many, 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
lords 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
many,) 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 8:5

_ _ “For even supposing there are (exist) gods so called (2 Thessalonians 2:4), whether in heaven (as the sun, moon, and stars) or in earth (as deified kings, beasts, etc.), as there be (a recognized fact, Deuteronomy 10:17; Psalms 135:5; Psalms 136:2) gods many and lords many.” Angels and men in authority are termed gods in Scripture, as exercising a divinely delegated power under God (compare Exodus 22:9, with Exodus 22:28; Psalms 82:1, Psalms 82:6; John 10:34, John 10:35).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 8:4-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 8:5

For though there be that are called gods — By the heathens both celestial, (as they style them,) terrestrial, and infernal deities.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Deuteronomy 10:17 For the LORD your God [is] God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:
Jeremiah 2:11 Hath a nation changed [their] gods, which [are] yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for [that which] doth not profit.
Jeremiah 2:28 But where [are] thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for [according to] the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.
Jeremiah 11:13 For [according to] the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and [according to] the number of the streets of Jerusalem have ye set up altars to [that] shameful thing, [even] altars to burn incense unto Baal.
Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
John 10:34-35 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? ... If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
Galatians 4:8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.
2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
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Dt 10:17. Jr 2:11, 28; 11:13. Dn 5:4. Jn 10:34. Ga 4:8. 2Th 2:4.

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