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1 Corinthians 8:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thus, sinning against the brethren, and wounding their conscience when it is weak, ye sin against Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And so, by sinning against the brethren and wounding their conscience when it is weak, you sin against Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when ye thus sin against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now, thus sinning against the brethren, and wounding their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, in thus sinning against the brethren am wounding their conscience, seeing it is weak, against Christ, are ye sinning.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and thus sinning in regard to the brethren, and smiting their weak conscience—in regard to Christ ye sin;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now when you sin thus against the brethren and wound their weak conscience, you sin against Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when ye sinne so against the brethren, and wound their weake conscience, ye sinne against Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if so you transgress against your brethren, and wound their weak consciences, do you not transgress against the Meshiha?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if ye thus sin against your brethren, and wound the consciences of the feeble, ye sin against the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when ye sin 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
against 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
wound 5180
{5180} Prime
τύπτω
tupto
{toop'-to}
A primary verb (in a strengthened form); to 'thump', that is, cudgel or pummel (properly with a stick or bastinado), but in any case by repeated blows; thus differing from G3817 and G3960, which denote a [usually single] blow with the hand or any instrument, or G4141 with the fist [or a hammer], or G4474 with the palm; as well as from G5177, an accidental collision); by implication to punish; figuratively to offend (the conscience).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
weak 770
{0770} Prime
ἀσθενέω
astheneo
{as-then-eh'-o}
From G0772; to be feeble (in any sense).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
conscience, 4893
{4893} Prime
συνείδησις
suneidesis
{soon-i'-day-sis}
From a prolonged form of G4894; co-perception, that is, moral consciousness.
ye sin 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
against 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 8:12

_ _ wound their weak conscience — literally, “smite their conscience, being (as yet) in a weak state.” It aggravates the cruelty of the act that it is committed on the weak, just as if one were to strike an invalid.

_ _ against Christ — on account of the sympathy between Christ and His members (Matthew 25:40; Acts 9:4, Acts 9:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 8:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 8:12

Ye sin against Christ — Whose members they are.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 8:12

(8) But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.

(8) Another amplification: such offending of our weak brethren, results in the offending of Christ, and therefore do not let these men think that they have to deal only with their brethren.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

Genesis 20:9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.
Genesis 42:22 And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.
Exodus 32:21 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?
1 Samuel 2:25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.
1 Samuel 19:4-5 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good: ... For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest [it], and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
1 Samuel 24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that [there is] neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.
Matthew 18:21 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times?

ye sin against:

1 Corinthians 12:12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also [is] Christ.
Exodus 16:8 And Moses said, [This shall be], when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what [are] we? your murmurings [are] not against us, but against the LORD.
Matthew 12:49-50 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! ... For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Matthew 18:10-11 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven. ... For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Matthew 25:45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did [it] not to me.
Acts 9:4-5 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? ... And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 20:9; 42:22. Ex 16:8; 32:21. 1S 2:25; 19:4; 24:11. Mt 12:49; 18:10, 21; 25:40, 45. Ac 9:4. 1Co 12:12.

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