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1 Corinthians 8:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For through your knowledge he who is weak is ruined, the brother for whose sake Christ died.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the weak [one], the brother for whose sake Christ died, will perish through thy knowledge.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In fact, he that is weak, is being destroyed, by thy knowledge—the brother for whose sake Christ died.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the brother who is infirm shall perish by thy knowledge, because of whom Christ died?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ hath died?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And through thy knowledge shal the weake brother perish, for whome Christ died?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and he will perish through thy knowledge? he who is weak, and on account of whom the Meshiha died.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And by thy knowledge, he who is feeble, and on account of whom the Messiah died, will perish.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
through 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
thy 4674
{4674} Prime
σός
sos
{sos}
From G4771; thine.
knowledge 1108
{1108} Prime
γνῶσις
gnosis
{gno'-sis}
From G1097; knowing (the act), that is, (by implication) knowledge.
shall y622
[0622] Standard
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
weak 770
{0770} Prime
ἀσθενέω
astheneo
{as-then-eh'-o}
From G0772; to be feeble (in any sense).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
brother 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
perish, 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5689
<5689> Grammar
Tense - Second Future (See G5781)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
died? 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 8:11

_ _ shall ... perish — The oldest manuscripts read “perisheth.” A single act seemingly unimportant may produce everlasting consequences. The weak brother loses his faith, and if he do not recover it, his salvation [Bengel] (Romans 14:23).

_ _ for whom Christ died — and for whose sake we too ought to be willing to die (1 John 3:16). And yet professing Christians at Corinth virtually tempted their brethren to their damnation, so far were they from sacrificing aught for their salvation. Note here, that it is no argument against the dogma that Christ died for all, even for those who perish, to say that thus He would have died in vain for many. Scripture is our rule, not our suppositions as to consequences. More is involved in redemption than the salvation of man: the character of God as at once just and loving is vindicated even in the case of the lost for they might have been saved, and so even in their case Christ has not died in vain. So the mercies of God’s providence are not in vain, though many abuse them. Even the condemned shall manifest God’s love in the great day, in that they too had the offer of God’s mercy. It shall be the most awful ingredient in their cup that they might have been saved but would not: Christ died to redeem even them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 8:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 8:11

And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? — And for whom thou wilt not lose a meal's meat, so far from dying for him! We see, Christ died even for them that perish.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 8:11

(7) And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?

(7) An amplification of the argument taken both of comparison and opposites: "You wretched man", he says, "pleasing yourself with your knowledge which indeed is not knowledge, for if you had true knowledge, you would not sit down to eat food in an idol's temple. Will you destroy your brother, hardening his weak conscience by this example to do evil, for whose salvation Christ himself has died?"

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall:

1 Corinthians 8:13 Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend.
1 Corinthians 10:33 Even as I please all [men] in all [things], not seeking mine own profit, but the [profit] of many, that they may be saved.
1 Corinthians 11:1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also [am] of Christ.
Romans 14:15 But if thy brother be grieved with [thy] meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died.
Romans 14:20-21 For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed [are] pure; but [it is] evil for that man who eateth with offence. ... [It is] good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor [any thing] whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.
Romans 15:1-3 We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. ... For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.
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Ro 14:15, 20; 15:1. 1Co 8:13; 10:33; 11:1.

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