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1 Corinthians 8:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if a man see thee who hast knowledge sitting at meat in an idol's temple, will not his conscience, if he is weak, be emboldened to eat things sacrificed to idols?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if someone sees you, who have knowledge, dining in an idol’s temple, will not his conscience, if he is weak, be strengthened to eat things sacrificed to idols?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if any man shall see thee, who hast knowledge, sit eating in the idol's temple, will not the conscience of him who is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if any one see thee, who hast knowledge, sitting at table in an idol-house, shall not his conscience, he being weak, be emboldened to eat the things sacrificed to the idol?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, if anyone should see [thee] who hast knowledge, in an idol-temple, reclining, will not, his conscience, being, weak, be built up for the eating of the idol-sacrifices?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for if any one may see thee that hast knowledge in an idol's temple reclining at meat—shall not his conscience—he being infirm—be emboldened to eat the things sacrificed to idols,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if a man see him that hath knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not his conscience, being weak, be emboldened to eat those things which are sacrificed to idols?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if any man see thee which hast knowledge, sit at meat in the idols temple: shall not the conscience of him which is weake, be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if a man shall see thee in whom is knowledge reclining in the house of idols, will not his conscience, because he is weak, be confirmed to eat that which is sacrificed,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if one should see thee in whom there is knowledge, reclining in the temple of idols, will not his conscience, seeing he is a weak person, be encouraged to eat what is sacrificed?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
any man 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
see 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
thee 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hast 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
knowledge 1108
{1108} Prime
γνῶσις
gnosis
{gno'-sis}
From G1097; knowing (the act), that is, (by implication) knowledge.
sit at meat 2621
{2621} Prime
κατάκειμαι
katakeimai
{kat-ak'-i-mahee}
From G2596 and G2749; to lie down, that is, (by implication) be sick; specifically to recline at a meal.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the idol's temple, 1493
{1493} Prime
εἰδωλεῖον
eidoleion
{i-do-li'-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G1497; an image fane.
shall y3618
[3618] Standard
οἰκοδομέω
oikodomeo
{oy-kod-om-eh'-o}
From the same as G3619; to be a house builder, that is, construct or (figuratively) confirm.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3780
{3780} Prime
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
conscience 4893
{4893} Prime
συνείδησις
suneidesis
{soon-i'-day-sis}
From a prolonged form of G4894; co-perception, that is, moral consciousness.
of him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
which is 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
weak 772
{0772} Prime
ἀσθενής
asthenes
{as-then-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
be emboldened 3618
{3618} Prime
οἰκοδομέω
oikodomeo
{oy-kod-om-eh'-o}
From the same as G3619; to be a house builder, that is, construct or (figuratively) confirm.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
to eat 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
those things which are offered to idols; 1494
{1494} Prime
εἰδωλόθυτον
eidolothuton
{i-do-loth'-oo-ton}
Neuter of a compound of G1497 and a presumed derivative of G2380; an image sacrifice, that is, part of an idolatrous offering.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 8:10

_ _ if any man — being weak.

_ _ which hast knowledge — The very knowledge which thou pridest thyself on (1 Corinthians 8:1), will lead the weak after thy example to do that against his conscience, which thou doest without any scruple of conscience; namely, to eat meats offered to idols.

_ _ conscience of him which is weak — rather, “His conscience, seeing he is weak” [Alford and others].

_ _ emboldened — literally, “built up.” You ought to have built up your brother in good: but by your example your building him up is the emboldening him to violate his conscience.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 8:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 8:10

For if any one see thee who hast knowledge — Whom he believes to have more knowledge than himself, and who really hast this knowledge, that an idol is nothing — sitting down to an entertainment in an idol temple. The heathens frequently made entertainments in their temples, on what hath been sacrificed to their idols. Will not the conscience of him that is weak — Scrupulous. Be encouraged — By thy example. To eat — Though with a doubting conscience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 8:10

(6) For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;

(6) Another plain explication of the same reason, propounding the example of the sitting down at the table in the idol's temple. This thing the Corinthians did wrongly consider among things indifferent, because it is simply forbidden for the circumstance of the place, even though the offence had ceased, as it will be declared in its place.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
which hast:

1 Corinthians 8:1-2 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. ... And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know.

sit:

1 Corinthians 10:20-21 But I [say], that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. ... Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
Numbers 25:2 And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.
Judges 9:27 And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode [the grapes], and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.
Amos 2:8 And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their god.

shall not:

1 Corinthians 10:28-29 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth [is] the Lord's, and the fulness thereof: ... Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another [man's] conscience?
1 Corinthians 10:32 Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:
Romans 14:14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.
Romans 14:23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because [he eateth] not of faith: for whatsoever [is] not of faith is sin.

emboldened:
Gr. edified,
1 Corinthians 8:1 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth.
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Nu 25:2. Jg 9:27. Am 2:8. Ro 14:14, 23. 1Co 8:1; 10:20, 28, 32.

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