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1 Corinthians 7:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Defraud ye not one the other, except it be by consent for a season, that ye may give yourselves unto prayer, and may be together again, that Satan tempt you not because of your incontinency.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Defraud ye not one the other, except [it be] with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Stop depriving one another, except by agreement for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer, and come together again so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Defraud ye not one the other, except with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan may not tempt you for your incontinence.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Defraud not one another, unless, it may be, by consent for a time, that ye may devote yourselves to prayer, and again be together, that Satan tempt you not because of your incontinency.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be not depriving one another—unless perhaps by consent for a season, that ye may have leisure for prayer, and, again, may be together,—lest Satan be tempting you by reason of your want of self-control.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Defraud not one another, except by consent for a time, that ye may be free for fasting and prayer, and again may come together, that the Adversary may not tempt you because of your incontinence;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Defraud not one another, except, perhaps, by consent, for a time, that you may give yourselves to prayer: and return together again, lest Satan tempt you for your incontinency.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Defraud you not one the other, except [it bee] with consent for a time, that yee may giue your selues to fasting and prayer, and come together againe, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinencie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Defraud not then one the other, unless you both agree for a time, that you may humble yourselves by fasting and by prayer; and return again unto the same will, that Satana may not tempt you on account of the desire of your bodies.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore, deprive not one another, except when ye both consent, at the time ye devote yourselves to fasting and prayer; and return again to the same disposition, that Satan tempt you not because of the concupiscence of your body.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Defraud x650
(0650) Complement
ἀποστερέω
apostereo
{ap-os-ter-eh'-o}
From G0575 and στερέω [[stereo]] (to deprive); to despoil.
ye y650
[0650] Standard
ἀποστερέω
apostereo
{ap-os-ter-eh'-o}
From G0575 and στερέω [[stereo]] (to deprive); to despoil.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
one the other, 240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
except 1509
{1509} Prime
εἴ μή τι
ei me ti
{i may tee}
From G1508 and the neuter of G5100; if not somewhat.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
[it be] y5100
[5100] Standard
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
with 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
consent 4859
{4859} Prime
σύμφωνος
sumphonos
{soom'-fo-nos}
From G4862 and G5456; sounding together (alike), that is, (figuratively) accordant (neuter as noun, agreement).
for 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
a time, 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
ye may give yourselves 4980
{4980} Prime
σχολάζω
scholazo
{skhol-ad'-zo}
From G4981; to take a holiday, that is, be at leisure for (by implication devote oneself wholly to); figuratively to be vacant (of a house).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
to fasting 3521
{3521} Prime
νηστεία
nesteia
{nace-ti'-ah}
From G3522; abstinence (from lack of food, or voluntary and religious); specifically the fast of the Day of Atonement.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
prayer; 4335
{4335} Prime
προσευχή
proseuche
{pros-yoo-khay'}
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
come y4905
[4905] Standard
συνέρχομαι
sunerchomai
{soon-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4862 and G2064; to convene, depart in company with, associate with, or (specifically) cohabit (conjugally).
z5741
<5741> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 40
together y1909
[1909] Standard
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x4905
(4905) Complement
συνέρχομαι
sunerchomai
{soon-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4862 and G2064; to convene, depart in company with, associate with, or (specifically) cohabit (conjugally).
again, 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
that y3363
[3363] Standard
ἵνα με
hina me
{hin'-ah may}
That is, G2443 and G3361; in order (or so) that not.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x2443
(2443) Complement
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
Satan 4567
{4567} Prime
Σατανᾶς
Satanas
{sat-an-as'}
Of Chaldee origin corresponding to G4566 (with the definite article affixed); the accuser, that is, the devil.
tempt 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
you 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
not y3363
[3363] Standard
ἵνα με
hina me
{hin'-ah may}
That is, G2443 and G3361; in order (or so) that not.
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
incontinency. 192
{0192} Prime
ἀκρασία
akrasia
{ak-ras-ee'-a}
From G0193; want of self restraint.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 7:5

_ _ Defraud ... not — namely, of the conjugal duty “due” (1 Corinthians 7:3; compare the Septuagint, Exodus 21:10).

_ _ except it be — “unless perchance” [Alford].

_ _ give yourselves to — literally, “be at leisure for”; be free from interruptions for; namely, on some specialseason,” as the Greek for “time” means (compare Exodus 19:15; Joel 2:16; Zechariah 7:3).

_ _ fasting and prayer — The oldest manuscripts omit “fasting and”; an interpolation, evidently, of ascetics.

_ _ come together — The oldest manuscripts read, “be together,” namely, in the regular state of the married.

_ _ Satan — who often thrusts in his temptations to unholy thoughts amidst the holiest exercises.

_ _ for your incontinencybecause of your inability to “contain” (1 Corinthians 7:9) your natural propensities, which Satan would take advantage of.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 7:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 7:5

Unless it be by consent for a time — That on those special and solemn occasions ye may entirely give yourselves up to the exercises of devotion. Lest — If ye should long remain separate. Satan tempt you — To unclean thoughts, if not actions too.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 7:5

Defraud ye not one the other, (4) except [it be] with consent for a time, that ye may (d) give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.

(4) He adds an exception: unless the one abstain from the other by mutual consent, that they may the better give themselves to prayer, in which nonetheless he warns them to consider what is expedient, lest by this long breaking off as it were from marriage, they are stirred up to incontinency.

(d) Do nothing else.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
except:

Exodus 19:15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] wives.
1 Samuel 21:4-5 And the priest answered David, and said, [There is] no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women. ... And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women [have been] kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and [the bread is] in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
Joel 2:16 Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.
Zechariah 7:3 [And] to speak unto the priests which [were] in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years?
Zechariah 12:12-14 And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; ... All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.

that Satan:

Matthew 19:11 But he said unto them, All [men] cannot receive this saying, save [they] to whom it is given.
1 Thessalonians 3:5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.
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Ex 19:15. 1S 21:4. Jol 2:16. Zc 7:3; 12:12. Mt 19:11. 1Th 3:5.

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