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1 Corinthians 6:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Or know ye not that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world is judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? If the world is judged by you, are you not competent [to] [constitute] the smallest law courts?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Do ye not know that the saints will judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Do ye not then know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world is judged by you, are ye unworthy of [the] smallest judgments?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Or know ye not that, the saints, shall judge the world? And, if, by you, the world, is to be judged, unworthy are ye of the smallest judgment-seats?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— have ye not known that the saints shall judge the world? and if by you the world is judged, are ye unworthy of the smaller judgments?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Know you not that the saints shall judge this world? And if the world shall be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Do ye not know that the Saints shall iudge the world? And if the world shalbe iudged by you, are ye vnworthy to iudge the smallest matters?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Or know you not that the saints shall judge the world? And if the world by you is judged, are you not worthy to judge small matters?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or know ye not, that the sanctified will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are ye unfit to decide trivial causes?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Do ye y1492
[1492] Standard
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
saints 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
shall judge 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world? 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
shall be judged 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
are x2075
(2075) Complement
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
ye y2075
[2075] Standard
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
unworthy 370
{0370} Prime
ἀνάξιος
anaxios
{an-ax'-ee-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G0514; unfit.
to judge y2922
[2922] Standard
κριτήριον
kriterion
{kree-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G2923; a rule of judging ('criterion'), that is, (by implication) a tribunal.
the smallest matters? 1646
{1646} Prime
ἐλάχιστος
elachistos
{el-akh'-is-tos}
The superlative of ἔλαχυς [[elachus]] (short); used as equivalent to G3398; least (in size, amount, dignity, etc.).
x2922
(2922) Complement
κριτήριον
kriterion
{kree-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G2923; a rule of judging ('criterion'), that is, (by implication) a tribunal.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 6:2

_ _ Do ye not know — as a truth universally recognized by Christians. Notwithstanding all your glorying in your “knowledge,” ye are acting contrary to it (1 Corinthians 1:4, 1 Corinthians 1:5; 1 Corinthians 8:1). The oldest manuscripts have “Or” before “know ye not”; that is, “What! (expressing surprise) know ye not,” etc.

_ _ saints ... judge — that is, “rule,” including judgment: as assessors of Christ. Matthew 19:28, “judging,” that is, “ruling over.” (Compare Psalms 49:14; Daniel 7:22, Daniel 7:27; Revelation 2:26; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 20:4). There is a distinction drawn by able expositors between the saints who judge or rule, and the world which is ruled by them: as there is between the elected (Matthew 20:23) twelve apostles who sit on thrones judging, and the twelve tribes of Israel that are judged by them. To reign, and to be saved, are not necessarily synonymous. As Jehovah employed angels to carry the law into effect when He descended on Sinai to establish His throne in Israel, so at His coming the saints shall administer the kingdom for, and under, Him. The nations of the earth, and Israel the foremost, in the flesh, shall, in this view, be the subjects of the rule of the Lord and His saints in glorified bodies. The mistake of the Chiliasts was that they took the merely carnal view, restricting the kingdom to the terrestrial part. This part shall have place with the accession of spiritual and temporal blessings such as Christ’s presence must produce. Besides this earthly glory, there shall be the heavenly glory of the saints reigning in transfigured bodies, and holding such blessed intercourse with mortal men, as angels had with men of old, and as Christ, Moses, and Elias, in glory had with Peter, James, and John, in the flesh at the transfiguration (2 Timothy 2:12; 2 Peter 1:16-18). But here the “world” seems to be the unbelieving world that is to be “condemned” (1 Corinthians 11:22), rather than the whole world, including the subject nations which are to be brought under Christ’s sway; however, it may include both those to be condemned, with the bad angels, and those about to be brought into obedience to the sway of Christ with His saints. Compare Matthew 25:32, Matthew 25:40, “all nations,” “these my brethren” on the thrones with Him. The event will decide the truth of this view.

_ _ judged by you — or, before you (compare 1 Corinthians 3:22).

_ _ smallest matters — The weightiest of earthly questions at issue are infinitely small compared with those to be decided on the judgment-day.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 6:2

Know ye not — This expression occurs six times in this single chapter, and that with a peculiar force; for the Corinthians knew and gloried in it, but they did not practise. That the saints — After having been judged themselves. Shall judge the world — Shall be assessors with Christ in the judgment wherein he shall condemn all the wicked, as well angels as men, Matthew 19:28; Revelation 20:4.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 6:2

(3) Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?

(3) He gathers by a comparison that the faithful cannot seek to be judged by infidels, without great injury done to the saints, seeing that God himself will make the saints judges of the world, and of the devils, with his Son Christ. Much more ought they to judge these light and final causes which may be by equity, and good conscience determined.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the saints:

Psalms 49:14 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
Psalms 149:5-9 Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds. ... To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.
Daniel 7:18 But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.
Daniel 7:22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.
Zechariah 14:5 And ye shall flee [to] the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, [and] all the saints with thee.
Matthew 19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Luke 22:30 That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
1 Thessalonians 3:13 To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.
Jude 1:14-15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, ... To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
Revelation 2:26-27 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: ... And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.
Revelation 3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
Revelation 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and [I saw] the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received [his] mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

the smallest:

1 Corinthians 6:4 If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church.
2 Corinthians 4:18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen [are] temporal; but the things which are not seen [are] eternal.
1 John 2:16-17 For all that [is] in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. ... And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 49:14; 149:5. Dn 7:18, 22. Zc 14:5. Mt 19:28. Lk 22:30. 1Co 6:4. 2Co 4:18. 1Th 3:13. 1Jn 2:16. Jde 1:14. Rv 2:26; 3:21; 20:4.

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