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1 Corinthians 6:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Or know ye not that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— What, know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit [which is] in you, which ye have from God, and ye are not your own?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Do ye not know that your body is [the] temple of the Holy Spirit which [is] in you, which ye have of God; and ye are not your own?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Or know ye not that, your body, is, a shrine of the Holy Spirit that is within you, which ye have from God? And ye are not your own;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Have ye not known that your body is a sanctuary of the Holy Spirit in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Or know you not that your members are the temple of the Holy Ghost, who is in you, whom you have from God: and you are not your own?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— What, know ye not that your body is the Temple of the holy Ghost [which is] in you, which yee haue of God, and ye are not your owne?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Or, know you not that your body is the temple of the Spirit of Holiness, who dwelleth in you, (even) Him whom you have received from Aloha? And you are not your own,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or know ye not, that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who abideth in you, whom ye have received from God? And ye are not your own.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
What? 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
know x1492
(1492) Complement
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
ye y1492
[1492] Standard
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the temple 3485
{3485} Prime
ναός
naos
{nah-os'}
From a primary word ναίω [[naio]] (to dwell); a fane, shrine, temple.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
[which is] in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
ye are 2075
{2075} Prime
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
your own? 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 6:19

_ _ What? know ye not? etc. — Proof that “he that fornicates sinneth against his own body” (1 Corinthians 6:18).

_ _ your body — not “bodies.” As in 1 Corinthians 3:17, he represented the whole company of believers (souls and bodies), that is, the Church, as “the temple of God,” the Spirit; so here, the body of each individual of the Church is viewed as the ideal “temple of the Holy Ghost.” So John 17:23, which proves that not only the Church, but also each member of it, is “the temple of the Holy Ghost.” Still though many the several members form one temple, the whole collectively being that which each is in miniature individually. Just as the Jews had one temple only, so in the fullest sense all Christian churches and individual believers form one temple only. Thus “YOUR [plural] body” is distinguished here from “HIS OWN [particular or individual] body” (1 Corinthians 6:18). In sinning against the latter, the fornicator sins against “your (ideal) body,” that of “Christ,” whose “members your bodies” are (1 Corinthians 6:15). In this consists the sin of fornication, that it is a sacrilegious desecration of God’s temple to profane uses. The unseen, but much more efficient, Spirit of God in the spiritual temple now takes the place of the visible Shekinah in the old material temple. The whole man is the temple; the soul is the inmost shrine; the understanding and heart, the holy place; and the body, the porch and exterior of the edifice. Chastity is the guardian of the temple to prevent anything unclean entering which might provoke the indwelling God to abandon it as defiled [Tertullian, On the Apparel of Women]. None but God can claim a temple; here the Holy Ghost is assigned one; therefore the Holy Ghost is God.

_ _ not your own — The fornicator treats his body as if it were “his own,” to give to a harlot if he pleases (1 Corinthians 6:18; compare 1 Corinthians 6:20). But we have no right to alienate our body which is the Lord’s. In ancient servitude the person of the servant was wholly the property of the master, not his own. Purchase was one of the ways of acquiring a slave. Man has sold himself to sin (1 Kings 21:20; Romans 7:14). Christ buys him to Himself, to serve Him (Romans 6:16-22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:12-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 6:19

And even your body is not, strictly speaking, your own even this is the temple of the Holy Ghost — Dedicated to him, and inhabited by him. What the apostle calls elsewhere "the temple of God," 1 Corinthians 3:16-17, and "the temple of the living God," 2 Corinthians 6:16, he here styles the temple of the Holy Ghost; plainly showing that the Holy Ghost is the living God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 6:19

(14) What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and (15) ye are not your own?

(14) The third argument: because a fornicator is sacrilegious, because our bodies are consecrated to God.

(15) The fourth argument: because we are not our own men, to give ourselves to any other, much less to Satan and the flesh, seeing that God himself has bought us, and that with a great price, to the end that both in body and soul, we should serve to his glory.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

1 Corinthians 6:15-16 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make [them] the members of an harlot? God forbid. ... What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh.

your body:

1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and [that] the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
2 Corinthians 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in [them]; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Ephesians 2:21-22 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: ... In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

and ye:

1 Kings 20:4 And the king of Israel answered and said, My lord, O king, according to thy saying, I [am] thine, and all that I have.
1 Chronicles 29:14 But who [am] I, and what [is] my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things [come] of thee, and of thine own have we given thee.
Psalms 12:4 Who have said, With our tongue will we prevail; our lips [are] our own: who [is] lord over us?
Psalms 100:3 Know ye that the LORD he [is] God: [it is] he [that] hath made us, and not we ourselves; [we are] his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
Romans 14:7-9 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
2 Corinthians 5:15 And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 20:4. 1Ch 29:14. Ps 12:4; 100:3. Ro 14:7. 1Co 3:16; 6:15. 2Co 5:15; 6:16. Ep 2:21. Tit 2:14. 1P 2:5.

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