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1 Corinthians 5:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— wherefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore let us celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— so that let us celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with leaven of malice and wickedness, but with unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then, let us be keeping the feast, not with old leaven, nor with leaven of baseness and wickedness,—but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so that we may keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of evil and wickedness, but with unleavened food of sincerity and truth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore, let us feast, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness: but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore let vs keepe the Feast, not with old leauen, neither with the leauen of malice and wickednesse: but with the vnleauened bread of sinceritie and trueth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Therefore, let us perform the festival, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of wickedness and animosity, but with the unleavened bread of purity and of holiness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore let us celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of wickedness and bitterness, but with the leaven of purity and sanctity.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore 5620
{5620} Prime
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
let us keep the feast, 1858
{1858} Prime
ἑορτάζω
heortazo
{heh-or-tad'-zo}
From G1859; to observe a festival.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
old 3820
{3820} Prime
παλαιός
palaios
{pal-ah-yos'}
From G3819; antique, that is, not recent, worn out.
leaven, 2219
{2219} Prime
ζύμη
zume
{dzoo'-may}
Probably from G2204; ferment (as if boiling up).
neither 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the leaven 2219
{2219} Prime
ζύμη
zume
{dzoo'-may}
Probably from G2204; ferment (as if boiling up).
of malice 2549
{2549} Prime
κακία
kakia
{kak-ee'-ah}
From G2556; badness, that is, (subjectively) depravity, or (actively) malignity, or (passively) trouble.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
wickedness; 4189
{4189} Prime
πονηρία
poneria
{pon-ay-ree'-ah}
From G4190; depravity, that is, (specifically) malice; plural (concretely) plots, sins.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the unleavened 106
{0106} Prime
ἄζυμος
azumos
{ad'-zoo-mos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2219; unleavened, that is, (figuratively) uncorrupted; (in the neuter plural) specifically (by implication) the Passover week.
[bread] of sincerity 1505
{1505} Prime
εἰλικρίνεια
heilikrineia
{i-lik-ree'-ni-ah}
From G1506; clearness, that is, (by implication) purity (figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
truth. 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 5:8

_ _ not ... old leaven — of our unconverted state as Jews or heathen.

_ _ malice — the opposite of “sincerity,” which allows no leaven of evil to be mixed up with good (Matthew 16:6).

_ _ wickedness — the opposite of “truth,” which allows not evil to be mistaken for good. The Greek for “malice” means the evil habit of mind; “wickedness,” the outcoming of the same in word and deed. The Greek for “sincerity” expresses literally, a thing which, when examined by the sun’s light, is found pure and unadulterated.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 5:7-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 5:8

Therefore let us keep the feast — Let us feed on him by faith. Here is a plain allusion to the Lord's supper, which was instituted in the room of the passover. Not with the old leaven — Of heathenism or Judaism. Malignity is stubbornness in evil. Sincerity and truth seem to be put here for the whole of true, inward religion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 5:8

Therefore let us keep the (g) feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.

(g) Let us lead our whole life as it were a continual feast, honestly and uprightly.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
let:

Exodus 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
Exodus 13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day [shall be] a feast to the LORD.
Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Numbers 28:16-17 And in the fourteenth day of the first month [is] the passover of the LORD. ... And in the fifteenth day of this month [is] the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.
Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty:
Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.

feast:
or, holy day,
Psalms 42:4 When I remember these [things], I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
Isaiah 30:29 Ye shall have a song, as in the night [when] a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel.

not:

1 Corinthians 5:1 It is reported commonly [that there is] fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife.
1 Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Deuteronomy 16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, [even] the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
2 Corinthians 12:21 [And] lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and [that] I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed.
Ephesians 4:17-22 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.

neither:

1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
Matthew 16:6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade [them] not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Matthew 26:4-5 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [him]. ... But they said, Not on the feast [day], lest there be an uproar among the people.
Mark 8:15 And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and [of] the leaven of Herod.
Luke 12:1 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
John 18:28-30 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. ... They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
1 Peter 2:1-2 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, ... As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:

but:

Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
Psalms 32:2 Blessed [is] the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit [there is] no guile.
John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
2 Corinthians 8:8 I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
Ephesians 6:24 Grace [be] with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. [[[To [the] Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.]]]
1 John 3:18-21 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth. ... Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, [then] have we confidence toward God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 12:15; 13:6. Lv 23:6. Nu 28:16. Dt 16:3, 16. Jsh 24:14. Ps 32:2; 42:4. Is 25:6; 30:29. Mt 16:6, 12; 26:4. Mk 8:15. Lk 12:1. Jn 1:47; 18:28. 1Co 3:3; 5:1, 6; 6:9. 2Co 1:12; 8:8; 12:20, 21. Ep 4:17; 6:24. 1P 2:1; 4:2. 1Jn 3:18.

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