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1 Corinthians 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For what have I to do with judging them that are without? Do not ye judge them that are within?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? do not ye judge them that are within?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Do you not judge those who are within [the church]?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? do ye not judge them that are within?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For what have *I* [to do] with judging those outside also? *ye*, do not ye judge them that are within?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For what have I to do to be judging them who are without? Do, ye, not judge, them who are within,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for what have I also those without to judge? those within do ye not judge?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For what have I to do to judge them that are without? Do not you judge them that are within?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For what haue I to doe to iudge them also that are without? doe not ye iudge them that are within?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For what had I to judge those who are without? But you judge those who are within;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For what business have I to judge them who are without? But those within the body, judge ye,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
what y5101
[5101] Standard
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
have I y3427
[3427] Standard
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
to do x5101
(5101) Complement
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
x3427
(3427) Complement
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
to judge 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
them also y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that are without? 1854
{1854} Prime
ἔξω
exo
{ex'-o}
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
do y2919
[2919] Standard
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3780
{3780} Prime
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
judge 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
them that are within? 2080
{2080} Prime
ἔσω
eso
{es'-o}
From G1519; inside (as preposition or adjective).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 5:12

_ _ what have I to do — You might have easily understood that my concern is not with unbelievers outside the Church, but that I referred to those within it.

_ _ also — Implying, Those within give me enough to do without those outside.

_ _ do not ye, etc. — Ye judge your fellow citizens, not strangers: much more should I [Bengel]. Rather, Is it not your duty to judge them that are within? God shall judge them that are without: do you look at home [Grotius]. God is the Judge of the salvation of the heathen, not we (Romans 2:12-16). Paul here gives an anticipatory censure of their going to law with saints before heathen tribunals, instead of judging such causes among themselves within.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 5:9-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 5:12

I speak of Christians only. For what have I to do to judge heathens? But ye, as well as I, judge those of your own community.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 5:12

(10) For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? do not ye judge them that are within?

(10) Those who are false brethren ought to be cast out of the congregation. As for those who are outside of it, they must be left to the judgment of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
what:

Luke 12:14 And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?
John 18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

them:

Mark 4:11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all [these] things are done in parables:
Colossians 4:5 Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time.
1 Thessalonians 4:12 That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and [that] ye may have lack of nothing.
1 Timothy 3:7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.

do not:

1 Corinthians 6:1-5 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints? ... I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you? no, not one that shall be able to judge between his brethren?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mk 4:11. Lk 12:14. Jn 18:36. 1Co 6:1. Col 4:5. 1Th 4:12. 1Ti 3:7.

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