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1 Corinthians 4:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Already are ye filled, already ye are become rich, ye have come to reign without us: yea and I would that ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You are already filled, you have already become rich, you have become kings without us; and indeed, [I] wish that you had become kings so that we also might reign with you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I wish ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Already ye are filled; already ye have been enriched; ye have reigned without us; and I would that ye reigned, that *we* also might reign with you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Already, ye have become full, already, ye are become rich,—apart from us, ye are become kings! And I would indeed ye had become kings, that, we also, with you, might have together become kings!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Already ye are having been filled, already ye were rich, apart from us ye did reign, and I would also ye did reign, that we also with you may reign together,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You are now full: you are now become rich: you reign without us; and I would to God you did reign, that we also might reign with you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye haue reigned as kings without vs, and I would to God ye did reigne, that we also might reigne with you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Now you are satiated, and are rich, and without us have reigned. But I would that you did reign, that we might also reign with you!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Now ye are yourselves full, and enriched; and, without us, are on thrones! And I wish ye were enthroned; that we also might reign with you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 2235
{2235} Prime
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
ye are 2075
{2075} Prime
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
full, 2880
{2880} Prime
κορέννυμι
korennumi
{kor-en'-noo-mee}
A primary verb; to cram, that is, glut or sate.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
now 2235
{2235} Prime
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
ye are rich, 4147
{4147} Prime
πλουτέω
plouteo
{ploo-teh'-o}
From G4148; to be (or become) wealthy (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
ye have reigned as kings 936
{0936} Prime
βασιλεύω
basileuo
{bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G0935; to rule (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
us: 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
I would to God 3785
{3785} Prime
ὄφελον
ophelon
{of'-el-on}
First person singular of a past tense of G3784; I ought (wish), that is, (interjectionally) oh that!.
1065
{1065} Prime
γέ
ge
{gheh}
A primary particle of emphasis or qualification (often used with other particles prefixed).
ye did reign, 936
{0936} Prime
βασιλεύω
basileuo
{bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G0935; to rule (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
we 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
might reign with 4821
{4821} Prime
συμβασιλεύω
sumbasileuo
{soom-bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G4862 and G0936; to be co-regent (figuratively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
you. 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 4:8

_ _ Irony. Translate, “Already ye are filled full (with spiritual food), already ye are rich, ye have seated yourselves upon your throne as kings, without us.” The emphasis is on “already” and “without us”; ye act as if ye needed no more to “hunger and thirst after righteousness,” and as if already ye had reached the “kingdom” for which Christians have to strive and suffer. Ye are so puffed up with your favorite teachers, and your own fancied spiritual attainments in knowledge through them, that ye feel like those “filled full” at a feast, or as a “rich” man priding himself in his riches: so ye feel ye can now do “without us,” your first spiritual fathers (1 Corinthians 4:15). They forgot that before the “kingdom” and the “fullness of joy,” at the marriage feast of the Lamb, must come the cross, and suffering, to every true believer (2 Timothy 2:5, 2 Timothy 2:11, 2 Timothy 2:12). They were like the self-complacent Laodiceans (Revelation 3:17; compare Hosea 12:8). Temporal fullness and riches doubtless tended in some cases at Corinth, to generate this spiritual self-sufficiency; the contrast to the apostle’s literal “hunger and thirst” (1 Corinthians 4:11) proves this.

_ _ I would ... ye did reign — Translate, “I would indeed,” etc. I would truly it were so, and that your kingdom had really begun.

_ _ that we also might reign with you — (2 Corinthians 12:14). “I seek not yours, but you.” Your spiritual prosperity would redound to that of us, your fathers in Christ (1 Corinthians 9:23). When you reach the kingdom, you shall be our “crown of rejoicing, in the presence of our Lord Jesus” (1 Thessalonians 2:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 4:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 4:8

Now ye are full — The Corinthians abounded with spiritual gifts; and so did the apostles: but the apostles, by continual want and sufferings, were kept from self — complacency. The Corinthians suffering nothing, and having plenty of all things, were pleased with and applauded themselves; and they were like children who, being raised in the world, disregard their poor parents. Now ye are full, says the apostle, in a beautiful gradation, ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings — A proverbial expression, denoting the most splendid and plentiful circumstances. Without any thought of us. And I would ye did reign — In the best sense: I would ye had attained the height of holiness. That we might reign with you — Having no more sorrow on your account, but sharing in your happiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 4:8

(9) Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.

(9) He descends to a most grave mockery, to cause those glory-seeking men to blush, even though they did not want to.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye are full:

1 Corinthians 1:5 That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and [in] all knowledge;
1 Corinthians 3:1-2 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, [even] as unto babes in Christ. ... I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able.
1 Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
Proverbs 13:7 There is that maketh himself rich, yet [hath] nothing: [there is] that maketh himself poor, yet [hath] great riches.
Proverbs 25:14 Whoso boasteth himself of a false gift [is like] clouds and wind without rain.
Isaiah 5:21 Woe unto [them that are] wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!
Luke 1:51-53 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. ... He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
Luke 6:25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
Romans 12:3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think [of himself] more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.
Romans 12:16 [Be] of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits.
Galatians 6:3 For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.
Revelation 3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

without:

1 Corinthians 4:18 Now some are puffed up, as though I would not come to you.
Acts 20:29-30 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. ... Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
Philippians 1:27 Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;
Philippians 2:12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.

and I:

Numbers 11:29 And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the LORD'S people were prophets, [and] that the LORD would put his spirit upon them!
Acts 26:29 And Paul said, I would to God, that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, were both almost, and altogether such as I am, except these bonds.
2 Corinthians 11:1 Would to God ye could bear with me a little in [my] folly: and indeed bear with me.

ye did:

Psalms 122:5-9 For there are set thrones of judgment, the thrones of the house of David. ... Because of the house of the LORD our God I will seek thy good.
Jeremiah 28:6 Even the prophet Jeremiah said, Amen: the LORD do so: the LORD perform thy words which thou hast prophesied, to bring again the vessels of the LORD'S house, and all that is carried away captive, from Babylon into this place.
Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.
2 Corinthians 13:9 For we are glad, when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we wish, [even] your perfection.
1 Thessalonians 2:19-20 For what [is] our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? [Are] not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? ... For ye are our glory and joy.
1 Thessalonians 3:6-9 But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also [to see] you: ... For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God;
2 Timothy 2:11-12 [It is] a faithful saying: For if we be dead with [him], we shall also live with [him]: ... If we suffer, we shall also reign with [him]: if we deny [him], he also will deny us:
Revelation 5:10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 11:29. Ps 122:5. Pv 13:7; 25:14. Is 5:21. Jr 28:6. Lk 1:51; 6:25. Ac 20:29; 26:29. Ro 12:3, 15, 16. 1Co 1:5; 3:1; 4:18; 5:6. 2Co 11:1; 13:9. Ga 6:3. Php 1:27; 2:12. 1Th 2:19; 3:6. 2Ti 2:11. Rv 3:17; 5:10.

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