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1 Corinthians 4:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I know nothing against myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For I am conscious of nothing against myself, yet I am not by this acquitted; but the one who examines me is the Lord.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I know nothing against myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For I am conscious of nothing in myself; but I am not justified by this: but he that examines me is the Lord.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, of nothing, to myself, am I conscious: nevertheless, not hereby, am I declared righteous, but, he that doth examine me, is the Lord.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for of nothing to myself have I been conscious, but not in this have I been declared right—and he who is discerning me is the Lord:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I am not conscious to myself of anything. Yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I know nothing by my selfe, yet am I not hereby iustified: but hee that iudgeth me is the Lord.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for of nothing in myself am I conscious; but not by this am I justified, but my judge is the Lord.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— -(For I am not conscious in myself of any thing [flagrant]; yet I am not by this justified; for the Lord is my judge.)

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I know 4894
{4894} Prime
From G4862 and G1492; to see completely; used (like its primary) only in two past tenses, respectively meaning to understand or become aware, and to be conscious or (clandestinely) informed of.
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
nothing 3762
{3762} Prime
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
by myself; 1683
{1683} Prime
Genitive, dative and accusative of a compound of G1700 and G0846; of myself.
yet 235
{0235} Prime
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
am I y1344
[1344] Standard
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
hereby 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
{5129} Prime
Dative singular masculine or neuter of G3778; to (in, with or by) this (person or thing).
justified: 1344
{1344} Prime
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
but 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he that judgeth 350
{0350} Prime
From G0303 and G2919; properly to scrutinize, that is, (by implication) investigate, interrogate, determine.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
me 3165
{3165} Prime
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the Lord. 2962
{2962} Prime
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 4:4

_ _ by myself — Translate, “I am conscious to myself of no (ministerial) unfaithfulness.” Bengel explains the Greek compound, “to decide in judgments on one in relation to others,” not simply to judge.

_ _ am I not hereby justified — Therefore conscience is not an infallible guide. Paul did not consider his so. This verse is directly against the judicial power claimed by the priests of Rome.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 4:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 4:4

I am not conscious to myself of anything evil; yet am I not hereby justified — I depend not on this, as a sufficient justification of myself in God's account. But he that judgeth me is the Lord — By his sentence I am to stand or fall.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 4:4

For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the (c) Lord.

(c) I submit myself to the Lord's judgment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Ουδεν [Strong's G3762], γαρ [Strong's G1063], εμαυτω [Strong's G1683], συνοιδα. "For I am not conscious to myself of any guilt" or neglect of duty. Wetstien has shown, from the classics, that this is the proper signification of συνειδειν.

I know:

Job 27:6 My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: my heart shall not reproach [me] so long as I live.
Psalms 7:3-5 O LORD my God, if I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands; ... Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take [it]; yea, let him tread down my life upon the earth, and lay mine honour in the dust. Selah.
John 21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
1 John 3:20-21 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. ... Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, [then] have we confidence toward God.


Job 9:2-3 I know [it is] so of a truth: but how should man be just with God? ... If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.
Job 9:20 If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: [if I say], I [am] perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.
Job 15:14 What [is] man, that he should be clean? and [he which is] born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
Job 25:4 How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean [that is] born of a woman?
Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.
Psalms 19:12 Who can understand [his] errors? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].
Psalms 130:3 If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
Psalms 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
Proverbs 21:2 Every way of a man [is] right in his own eyes: but the LORD pondereth the hearts.
Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath [whereof] to glory; but not before God.


1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
Psalms 26:12 My foot standeth in an even place: in the congregations will I bless the LORD.
Psalms 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God [is] judge himself. Selah.
2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.
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Jb 9:2, 20; 15:14; 25:4; 27:6; 40:4. Ps 7:3; 19:12; 26:12; 50:6; 130:3; 143:2. Pv 21:2. Jn 21:17. Ro 3:19; 4:2. 1Co 4:5. 2Co 1:12; 5:10. 1Jn 3:20.

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