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1 Corinthians 4:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, the offscouring of all things, even until now.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— when we are slandered, we try to conciliate; we have become as the scum of the world, the dregs of all things, [even] until now.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, the offscouring of all things to this day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— insulted, we entreat: we are become as [the] offscouring of the world, [the] refuse of all, until now.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Being defamed, we beseech: as the sweepings of the world have we become, the offscouring of all—until even now.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— being spoken evil of, we entreat; as filth of the world we did become—of all things an offscouring—till now.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— We are blasphemed: and we entreat. We are made as the refuse of this world, the offscouring of all, even until now.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Being defamed, we intreate: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the off-scouring of all things vnto this day.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— they maltreat us, and we pray for them; as the refuse of the world are we made and the execration of all men until now.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— they revile us, and we entreat them: we are as the filth of the world, and the expiation for all men, up to this time.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Being defamed, 987
{0987} Prime
βλασφημέω
blasphemeo
{blas-fay-meh'-o}
From G0989; to vilify; specifically to speak impiously.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
we intreat: 3870
{3870} Prime
παρακαλέω
parakaleo
{par-ak-al-eh'-o}
From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
we are made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
the filth 4027
{4027} Prime
περικάθαρμα
perikatharma
{per-ee-kath'-ar-mah}
From a compound of G4012 and G2508; something cleaned off all around, that is, refuse (figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world, 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
[and are] the offscouring 4067
{4067} Prime
περίψημα
peripsema
{per-ip'-say-mah}
From a compound of G4012 and 'psao' (to rub); something brushed all around, that is, off scrapings (figuratively scum).
of all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
unto 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
this day. 737
{0737} Prime
ἄρτι
arti
{ar'-tee}
Adverb from a derivative of G0142 (compare G0740) through the idea of suspension; just now.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 4:13

_ _ defamed, we entreat — namely, God for our defamers, as Christ enjoined (Matthew 5:10, Matthew 5:44) [Grotius]. We reply gently [Estius].

_ _ filth — “the refuse” [Conybeare and Howson], the sweepings or rubbish thrown out after a cleaning.

_ _ of all things — not of the “World” only.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 4:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 4:13

We are made as the filth of the world, and offscouring of all things — Such were those poor wretches among the heathens, who were taken from the dregs of the people, to be offered as expiatory sacrifices to the infernal gods. They were loaded with curses, affronts, and injuries, all the way they went to the altars; and when the ashes of those unhappy men were thrown into the sea, these very names were given them in the ceremony.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 4:13

Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the (h) filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.

(h) Such as is gathered together by sweeping.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Lamentations 3:45 Thou hast made us [as] the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people.
Acts 22:22 And they gave him audience unto this word, and [then] lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a [fellow] from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lm 3:45. Ac 22:22.

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