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1 Corinthians 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and we toil, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and we toil, working with our own hands; when we are reviled, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And labor, working with our own hands. Being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and labour, working with our own hands. Railed at, we bless; persecuted, we suffer [it];
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And toil, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless, being persecuted, we hold on,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and labour, working with [our] own hands; being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And we labour, working with our own hands. We are reviled: and we bless. We are persecuted: and we suffer it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And labour, working with our owne hands: being reuiled, wee blesse: being persecuted, we suffer it:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and we labour, working with our hands. They revile us, and we bless; they persecute us, and we endure;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and we toil, working with our own hands: they defame us, and we bless: they persecute us, and we endure it:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
labour, 2872
{2872} Prime
κοπιάω
kopiao
{kop-ee-ah'-o}
From a derivative of G2873; to feel fatigue; by implication to work hard.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
working 2038
{2038} Prime
ἐργάζομαι
ergazomai
{er-gad'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
with our own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
hands: 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
being reviled, 3058
{3058} Prime
λοιδορέω
loidoreo
{loy-dor-eh'-o}
From G3060; to reproach, that is, vilify.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
we bless; 2127
{2127} Prime
εὐλογέω
eulogeo
{yoo-log-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G3056; to speak well of, that is, (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
being persecuted, 1377
{1377} Prime
διώκω
dioko
{dee-o'-ko}
A prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb δίω [[dio]] (to flee; compare the base of G1169 and G1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication to persecute.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
we suffer x430
(0430) Complement
ἀνέξομαι
anechomai
{an-ekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G0303 and G2192; to hold oneself up against, that is, (figuratively) put up with.
it: y430
[0430] Standard
ἀνέξομαι
anechomai
{an-ekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G0303 and G2192; to hold oneself up against, that is, (figuratively) put up with.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 4:12

_ _ working with our own hands — namely, “even unto this present hour” (1 Corinthians 4:11). This is not stated in the narrative of Paul’s proceedings at Ephesus, from which city he wrote this Epistle (though it is expressly stated of him at Corinth, compare Acts 18:3, Acts 18:19). But in his address to the Ephesian elders at Miletus (Acts 20:34), he says, “Ye yourselves know that these hands have ministered unto my necessities,” etc. The undesignedness of the coincidence thus indirectly brought out is incompatible with forgery.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 4:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 4:12

We bless — suffer it — intreat — We do not return revilings, persecution, defamation; nothing but blessing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
labour:

1 Corinthians 9:6 Or I only and Barnabas, have not we power to forbear working?
Acts 18:3 And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.
Acts 20:34 Yea, ye yourselves know, that these hands have ministered unto my necessities, and to them that were with me.
1 Thessalonians 2:9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.
2 Thessalonians 3:8 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you:
1 Timothy 4:10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.

being reviled:

Matthew 5:44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
Luke 6:28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.
Luke 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
Acts 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
Romans 12:14 Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not.
Romans 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.

being persecuted:

Matthew 5:11 Blessed are ye, when [men] shall revile you, and persecute [you], and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
1 Peter 3:14 But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy [are ye]: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
1 Peter 4:12-14 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: ... If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
1 Peter 4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls [to him] in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 5:11, 44. Lk 6:28; 23:34. Ac 7:60; 18:3; 20:34. Ro 12:14, 20. 1Co 9:6. 1Th 2:9. 2Th 3:8. 1Ti 4:10. 1P 2:23; 3:9, 14; 4:12, 19. Jde 1:9.

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