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1 Corinthians 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— We are fools for Christ's sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye have glory, but we have dishonor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— We [are] fools for Christ's sake, but ye [are] wise in Christ; we [are] weak, but ye [are] strong; ye [are] honourable, but we [are] despised.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— We are fools for Christ’s sake, but you are prudent in Christ; we are weak, but you are strong; you are distinguished, but we are without honor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— We [are] fools for Christ's sake, but ye [are] wise in Christ; we [are] weak, but ye [are] strong; ye [are] honorable, but we [are] despised.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— *We* [are] fools for Christ's sake, but *ye* prudent in Christ: *we* weak, but *ye* strong: *ye* glorious, but *we* in dishonour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— We, are foolish for Christ's sake, but, ye, prudent in Christ; we are weak, but, ye, mighty; ye, all-glorious, but, we, dishonoured.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— we [are] fools because of Christ, and ye wise in Christ; we [are] ailing, and ye strong; ye glorious, and we dishonoured;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— We are fools for Christs sake, but you are wise in Christ: we are weak, but you are strong: you are honourable, but we without honour.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— We [are] fooles for Christs sake, but ye [are] wise in Christ. We [are] weake, but ye [are] strong: yee are honourable, but we are despised.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— We are fools for the sake of the Meshiha, but we are wise in the Meshiha; we are the weak, but you are the mighty; you are glorified, and we abased.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— We are fools, on account of Messiah; but ye are wise in Messiah! We are feeble; but ye are strong! Ye are lauded, we are contemned.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
We 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
[are] fools 3474
{3474} Prime
μωρός
moros
{mo-ros'}
Probably form the base of G3466; dull or stupid (as if shut up), that is, heedless, (morally) blockhead, (apparently) absurd.
for y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
Christ's y5547
[5547] Standard
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
sake, 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
x5547
(5547) Complement
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
[are] wise 5429
{5429} Prime
φρόνιμος
phronimos
{fron'-ee-mos}
From G5424; thoughtful, that is, sagacious or discreet (implying a cautious character; while G4680 denotes practical skill or acumen; and G4908 indicates rather intelligence or mental acquirement); in a bad sense conceited (also in the comparative).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Christ; 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
we 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
[are] weak, 772
{0772} Prime
ἀσθενής
asthenes
{as-then-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
[are] strong; 2478
{2478} Prime
ἰσχυρός
ischuros
{is-khoo-ros'}
From G2479; forcible (literally or figuratively).
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
[are] honourable, 1741
{1741} Prime
ἔνδοξος
endoxos
{en'-dox-os}
From G1722 and G1391; in glory, that is, splendid, (figuratively) noble.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
we 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
[are] despised. 820
{0820} Prime
ἄτιμος
atimos
{at'-ee-mos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5092; (negatively) unhonoured or (positively) dishonoured. May show a comparative degree such as less honourable.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 4:10

_ _ Irony. How much your lot (supposing it real) is to be envied, and ours to be pitied.

_ _ fools — (1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 3:18; compare Acts 17:18; Acts 26:24).

_ _ for Christ’s sake ... in Christ — Our connection with Christ only entails on us the lowest ignominy, “ON ACCOUNT OF,” or, “FOR THE SAKE OF” Him, as “fools”; yours gives you full fellowship IN Him as “wise” (that is, supposing you really are all you seem, 1 Corinthians 3:18).

_ _ we ... weak ... ye ... strong — (1 Corinthians 2:3; 2 Corinthians 13:9).

_ _ we ... despised — (2 Corinthians 10:10) because of our “weakness,” and our not using worldly philosophy and rhetoric, on account of which ye Corinthians and your teachers are (seemingly) so “honorable.” Contrast with “despised” the “ye (Galatians) despised not my temptation ... in my flesh” (Galatians 4:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 4:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 4:10

We are fools, in the account of the world, for Christ's sake, but ye are wise in Christ — Though ye are Christians, ye think yourselves wise; and ye have found means to make the world think you so too. We are weak — In presence, in infirmities, in sufferings. But ye are strong — In just opposite circumstances.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are fools:

1 Corinthians 1:1-3 Paul, called [to be] an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes [our] brother, ... Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and [from] the Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Corinthians 1:18-20 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. ... Where [is] the wise? where [is] the scribe? where [is] the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?
1 Corinthians 1:26-28 For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, [are called]: ... And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea], and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:
1 Corinthians 2:3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.
1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
2 Kings 9:11 Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord: and [one] said unto him, [Is] all well? wherefore came this mad [fellow] to thee? And he said unto them, Ye know the man, and his communication.
Hosea 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know [it]: the prophet [is] a fool, the spiritual man [is] mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
Acts 17:18 Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection.
Acts 17:32 And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked: and others said, We will hear thee again of this [matter].
Acts 26:24 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad.

for:

Matthew 5:11 Blessed are ye, when [men] shall revile you, and persecute [you], and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
Matthew 10:22-25 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved. ... It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more [shall they call] them of his household?
Matthew 24:9 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake.
Luke 6:22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you [from their company], and shall reproach [you], and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
Acts 9:16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name's sake.
1 Peter 4:14 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.

are wise:

1 Corinthians 4:8 Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
1 Corinthians 10:14-15 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. ... I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.
Jeremiah 8:8-9 How do ye say, We [are] wise, and the law of the LORD [is] with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he [it]; the pen of the scribes [is] in vain. ... The wise [men] are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the LORD; and what wisdom [is] in them?

we are weak:

1 Corinthians 2:3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
2 Corinthians 10:10 For [his] letters, say they, [are] weighty and powerful; but [his] bodily presence [is] weak, and [his] speech contemptible.
2 Corinthians 11:29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not?
2 Corinthians 12:9-10 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
2 Corinthians 13:3-4 Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you. ... For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
2 Corinthians 13:9 For we are glad, when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we wish, [even] your perfection.

but ye:

1 Corinthians 3:2 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able.
1 Corinthians 10:12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

but we:

Proverbs 11:12 He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding holdeth his peace.
Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
Luke 10:16 He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.
Luke 18:9 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:
1 Thessalonians 4:8 He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given unto us his holy Spirit.
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2K 9:11. Pv 11:12. Is 53:3. Jr 8:8. Ho 9:7. Mt 5:11; 10:22; 24:9. Lk 6:22; 10:16; 18:9. Ac 9:16; 17:18, 32; 26:24. 1Co 1:1, 18, 26; 2:3, 14; 3:2, 18; 4:8; 10:12, 14. 2Co 10:10; 11:29; 12:9; 13:3, 9. 1Th 4:8. 1P 4:14.

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