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1 Corinthians 3:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if any man buildeth on the foundation gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, stubble;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now if any man builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now if any man buildeth upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now if any one build upon [this] foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, grass, straw,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, if anyone is building, upon the foundation—gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if any one doth build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now, if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now if any man build vpon this foundation, gold, siluer, preciousstones, wood, hay, stubble:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if any man build upon this foundation gold, or silver, or precious stones; or wood, or hay, or stubble;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if any one buildeth on this foundation, either gold, or silver, or precious stones, or wood, or hay, or stubble;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if any man 1536
{1536} Prime
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
build 2026
{2026} Prime
ἐποικοδομέω
epoikodomeo
{ep-oy-kod-om-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G3618; to build upon, that is, (figuratively) to rear up.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
this 5126
{5126} Prime
τοῦτον
touton
{too'-ton}
Accusative, singular, masculine of G3778; this (person, as object of verb or preposition).
foundation 2310
{2310} Prime
θεμέλιος
themelios
{them-el'-ee-os}
From a derivative of G5087; something put down, that is, a substruction (of a building, etc.), (literally or figuratively).
gold, 5557
{5557} Prime
χρυσός
chrusos
{khroo-sos'}
Perhaps from the base of G5530 (through the idea of the utility of the metal); gold; by extension a golden article, as an ornament or coin.
silver, 696
{0696} Prime
ἄργυρος
arguros
{ar'-goo-ros}
From ἀργός [[argos]] (shining); silver (the metal, in the articles or coin).
precious 5093
{5093} Prime
τίμιος
timios
{tim'-ee-os}
Including the comparative τίμιώτερος [[timioteros]], {tim-ee-o'-ter-os}; and the superlative τίμιώτατος [[timiotatos]], {tim-ee-o'-tat-os}; from G5092; valuable, that is, (objectively) costly, or (subjectively) honored, esteemed, or (figuratively) beloved.
stones, 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
wood, 3586
{3586} Prime
ξύλον
xulon
{xoo'-lon}
From another form of the base of G3582; timber (as fuel or material); by implication a stick, club or tree or other wooden article or substance.
hay, 5528
{5528} Prime
χόρτος
chortos
{khor'-tos}
Apparently a primary word; a 'court' or 'garden', that is, (by implication of pasture) herbage or vegetation.
stubble; 2562
{2562} Prime
καλάμη
kalame
{kal-am'-ay}
Feminine of G2563; a stalk of grain, that is, (collectively) stubble.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 3:12

_ _ Now — rather, “But.” The image is that of a building on a solid foundation, and partly composed of durable and precious, partly of perishable, materials. The “gold, silver, precious stones,” which all can withstand fire (Revelation 21:18, Revelation 21:19), are teachings that will stand the fiery test of judgment; “wood, hay, stubble,” are those which cannot stand it; not positive heresy, for that would destroy the foundation, but teaching mixed up with human philosophy and Judaism, curious rather than useful. Besides the teachings, the superstructure represents also the persons cemented to the Church by them, the reality of whose conversion, through the teachers’ instrumentality, will be tested at the last day. Where there is the least grain of real gold of faith, it shall never be lost (1 Peter 1:7; compare 1 Corinthians 4:12). On the other hand, the lightest straw feeds the fire [Bengel] (Matthew 5:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 3:11-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 3:12

If any one build gold, silver, costly stones — Three sorts of materials which will bear the fire; true and solid doctrines. Wood, hay, stubble — Three which will not bear the fire. Such are all doctrines, ceremonies, and forms of human invention; all but the substantial, vital truths of Christianity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 3:12

(6) Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;

(6) Thirdly he shows that they must take heed that the upper part of the building is answerable to the foundation. That is that admonitions, exhortations, and whatever pertains to the edifying of the flock, is answerable to the doctrine of Christ, in the matter as well as in form. This doctrine is compared to gold, silver, and precious stones: of which material Isaiah also and John in the Revelation build the heavenly city. And to these are the opposites, wood, hay, stubble, that is to say, curious and vain questions or decrees: and to be short, all the type of teaching which serves to vain show. For false doctrines, of which he does not speak here, are not correctly said to be built upon this foundation, unless perhaps in show only.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gold:

Psalms 19:10 More to be desired [are they] than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
Psalms 119:72 The law of thy mouth [is] better unto me than thousands of gold and silver.
Proverbs 8:10 Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold.
Proverbs 16:16 How much better [is it] to get wisdom than gold! and to get understanding rather to be chosen than silver!
Isaiah 60:17 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.
1 Timothy 4:6 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.
2 Timothy 2:20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour.
1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
Revelation 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

precious:

Isaiah 54:11-13 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires. ... And all thy children [shall be] taught of the LORD; and great [shall be] the peace of thy children.
Revelation 21:18 And the building of the wall of it was [of] jasper: and the city [was] pure gold, like unto clear glass.

wood:

Proverbs 30:6 Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.
Jeremiah 23:28 The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What [is] the chaff to the wheat? saith the LORD.
Matthew 15:6-9 And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. ... But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.
2 Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
Colossians 2:18-23 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, ... Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
1 Timothy 4:1-3 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; ... Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
1 Timothy 4:7 But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself [rather] unto godliness.
1 Timothy 6:3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, [even] the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;
2 Timothy 2:16-18 But shun profane [and] vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. ... Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
2 Timothy 3:7 Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
Titus 1:9-11 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. ... Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
Titus 3:9-11 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain. ... Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
Revelation 2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 19:10; 119:72. Pv 8:10; 16:16; 30:6. Is 54:11; 60:17. Jr 23:28. Mt 15:6. Ac 20:30. Ro 16:17. 2Co 2:17; 4:2. Col 2:8, 18. 1Ti 4:1, 6, 7; 6:3. 2Ti 2:16, 20; 3:7, 13; 4:3. Tit 1:9; 3:9. He 13:9. 1P 1:7. Rv 2:14; 3:18; 21:18.

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