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1 Corinthians 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And my speech and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And my speech and my preaching [was] not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and my message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And my speech and my preaching [was] not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of power:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and my word and my preaching, not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of [the] Spirit and of power;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, my discourse, and what I proclaimed, were not in suasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of Spirit and power:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and my word and my preaching was not in persuasive words of human wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And my speech and my preaching was not in the persuasive words of human wisdom. but in shewing of the Spirit and power:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And my speech, and my preaching was not with entising words of mans wisedome, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of power:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And my speech and my preaching were not with the persuasion of the words of wisdom, but with the demonstration of the Spirit and of power;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And my speech and my preaching were not with the persuasiveness of the discourses of wisdom; but with the demonstration of the Spirit, and with power:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
speech 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
preaching 2782
{2782} Prime
κήρυγμα
kerugma
{kay'-roog-mah}
From G2784; a proclamation (especially of the gospel; by implication the gospel itself).
[was] not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
enticing 3981
{3981} Prime
πειθός
peithos
{pi-thos'}
From G3982; persuasive.
words 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of man's 442
{0442} Prime
ἀνθρώπινος
anthropinos
{anth-ro'-pee-nos}
From G0444; human.
wisdom, 4678
{4678} Prime
σοφία
sophia
{sof-ee'-ah}
From G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
demonstration 585
{0585} Prime
ἀπόδειξις
apodeixis
{ap-od'-ike-sis}
From G0584; manifestation.
of the Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of power: 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 2:4

_ _ my speech — in private.

_ _ preaching — in public [Bengel]. Alford explains it, My discourse on doctrines, and my preaching or announcement of facts.

_ _ enticing — rather, “persuasive.”

_ _ man’s wisdomman’s is omitted in the oldest authorities. Still “wisdom” does refer to “man’s” wisdom.

_ _ in demonstration of ... Spirit, etc. — Persuasion is man’s means of moving his fellow man. God’s means is demonstration, leaving no doubt, and inspiring implicit faith, by the powerful working of the Spirit (then exhibited both outwardly by miracles, and inwardly by working on the heart, now in the latter and the more important way only, Matthew 7:29; Acts 6:10; Hebrews 4:12; compare also Romans 15:19). The same simple power accompanies divine truth now, producing certain persuasion and conversion, when the Spirit demonstrates by it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 2:4

And my speech in private, as well as my public preaching, was not with the persuasive words of human wisdom, such as the wise men of the world use; but with the demonstration of the Spirit and of power — With that powerful kind of demonstration, which flows from the Holy Spirit; which works on the conscience with the most convincing light, and the most persuasive evidence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 2:4

And my speech and my preaching [was] not with enticing words of man's wisdom, (2) but in (d) demonstration of the Spirit and of power:

(2) He turns now to the commendation of his ministry, which he had granted to his adversaries: for his strength and power, which they knew well enough, was so much the more excellent because it had no worldly help behind it.

(d) By "demonstration" he means such a proof as is made by reasons both certain and necessary.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
my speech:

Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.

not:

1 Corinthians 2:1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God.
1 Corinthians 2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
1 Corinthians 1:17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect.
Judges 14:15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said unto Samson's wife, Entice thy husband, that he may declare unto us the riddle, lest we burn thee and thy father's house with fire: have ye called us to take that we have? [is it] not [so]?
Judges 16:5 And the lords of the Philistines came up unto her, and said unto her, Entice him, and see wherein his great strength [lieth], and by what [means] we may prevail against him, that we may bind him to afflict him: and we will give thee every one of us eleven hundred [pieces] of silver.
2 Samuel 14:17-20 Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so [is] my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee. ... To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord [is] wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all [things] that [are] in the earth.
2 Samuel 15:2-6 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was [so], that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city [art] thou? And he said, Thy servant [is] of one of the tribes of Israel. ... And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
1 Kings 22:13-14 And the messenger that was gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold now, the words of the prophets [declare] good unto the king with one mouth: let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak [that which is] good. ... And Micaiah said, [As] the LORD liveth, what the LORD saith unto me, that will I speak.
2 Chronicles 18:19-21 And the LORD said, Who shall entice Ahab king of Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one spake saying after this manner, and another saying after that manner. ... And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And [the LORD] said, Thou shalt entice [him], and thou shalt also prevail: go out, and do [even] so.
Proverbs 7:21 With her much fair speech she caused him to yield, with the flattering of her lips she forced him.
Proverbs 20:19 He that goeth about [as] a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.
Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
Ezekiel 13:6 They have seen vanity and lying divination, saying, The LORD saith: and the LORD hath not sent them: and they have made [others] to hope that they would confirm the word.
Ezekiel 13:10-11 Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace; and [there was] no peace; and one built up a wall, and, lo, others daubed it with untempered [morter]: ... Say unto them which daub [it] with untempered [morter], that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend [it].
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
Colossians 2:4 And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words.
2 Peter 1:16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.

enticing:
or, persuasible,
Acts 26:28 Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian.
Galatians 1:10 For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.

but:

1 Corinthians 4:20 For the kingdom of God [is] not in word, but in power.
John 16:8-15 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: ... All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
Romans 15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
1 Thessalonians 1:5 For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 14:15; 16:5. 2S 14:17; 15:2. 1K 22:13. 2Ch 18:19. Pv 7:21; 20:19. Jr 20:10. Ezk 13:6, 10. Jn 16:8. Ac 20:27; 26:28. Ro 15:19; 16:18. 1Co 1:17; 2:1, 13; 4:20. Ga 1:10. Col 2:4. 1Th 1:5. 1P 1:12. 2P 1:16; 2:18.

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