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1 Corinthians 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I was with you in weakness and in fear and in much trembling,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *I* was with you in weakness and in fear and in much trembling;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I, therefore in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling, came to be with you,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and I, in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling, was with you;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I was with you in weakness and in fear and in much trembling.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I was with you in weakenesse, and in feare, and in much trembling.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And I in much fear and trembling was with you.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And in much fear and much trembling, was I with you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
with 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
you 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
weakness, 769
{0769} Prime
ἀσθένεια
astheneia
{as-then'-i-ah}
From G0772; feebleness (of body or mind); by implication malady; moral frailty.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
fear, 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
much 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
trembling. 5156
{5156} Prime
τρόμος
tromos
{trom'-os}
From G5141; a 'trembling', that is, quaking with fear.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 2:3

_ _ I — the preacher: as 1 Corinthians 2:2 describes the subject, “Christ crucified,” and 1 Corinthians 2:4 the mode of preaching: “my speech ... not with enticing words,” “but in demonstration of the Spirit.”

_ _ weakness — personal and bodily (2 Corinthians 10:10; 2 Corinthians 12:7, 2 Corinthians 12:9; Galatians 4:13).

_ _ trembling — (compare Philippians 2:12). Not personal fear, but a trembling anxiety to perform a duty; anxious conscientiousness, as proved by the contrast to “eye service” (Ephesians 6:5) [Conybeare and Howson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 2:3

And I was with you — At my first entrance. In weakness — Of body, 2 Corinthians 12:7 And in fear — Lest I should offend any. And in much trembling — The emotion of my mind affecting my very body.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 2:3

And I was with you in (c) weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.

(c) He contrasts weakness with excellency of words, and therefore joins with it fear and trembling, which are companions of true modesty, not such fear and trembling as terrify the conscience, but such as are contrary to vanity and pride.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Corinthians 4:10-13 We [are] fools for Christ's sake, but ye [are] wise in Christ; we [are] weak, but ye [are] strong; ye [are] honourable, but we [are] despised. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
Acts 17:1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews:
Acts 17:6-12 And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also; ... Therefore many of them believed; also of honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a few.
Acts 20:18-19 And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons, ... Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews:
2 Corinthians 4:1 Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not;
2 Corinthians 4:7-12 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us. ... So then death worketh in us, but life in you.
2 Corinthians 4:16 For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward [man] is renewed day by day.
2 Corinthians 6:4 But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses,
2 Corinthians 7:5 For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without [were] fightings, within [were] fears.
2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
2 Corinthians 10:10 For [his] letters, say they, [are] weighty and powerful; but [his] bodily presence [is] weak, and [his] speech contemptible.
2 Corinthians 11:29-30 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not? ... If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.
2 Corinthians 12:5-10 Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but in mine infirmities. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
Galatians 4:13-14 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. ... And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, [even] as Christ Jesus.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 17:1, 6; 20:18. 1Co 4:10. 2Co 4:1, 7, 16; 6:4; 7:5; 10:1, 10; 11:29; 12:5; 13:4. Ga 4:13.

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