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1 Corinthians 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, THAT HE WILL INSTRUCT HIM? But we have the mind of Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For who has known the mind of [the] Lord, who shall instruct him? But *we* have the mind of Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For who hath come to know the mind of the Lord, that shall instruct him? But, we, have, the mind of Christ.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for who did know the mind of the Lord that he shall instruct Him? and we—we have the mind of Christ.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For who hath knowen the mind of the Lord that he may instruct him? But we haue the mind of Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord to teach him? But we have the mind of the Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
hath known 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the mind 3563
{3563} Prime
νοῦς
nous
{nooce}
Probably from the base of G1097; the intellect, that is, mind (divine or human; in thought, feeling, or will); by implication meaning.
of the Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
that 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
he may instruct 4822
{4822} Prime
συμβιβάζω
sumbibazo
{soom-bib-ad'-zo}
From G4862 and βιβάζω [[bibazo]] (to force; causatively [by reduplication] of the base of G0939); to drive together, that is, unite (in association or affection), (mentally) to infer, show, teach.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
him? 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
we 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the mind 3563
{3563} Prime
νοῦς
nous
{nooce}
Probably from the base of G1097; the intellect, that is, mind (divine or human; in thought, feeling, or will); by implication meaning.
of Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 2:16

_ _ For — proof of 1 Corinthians 2:15, that the spiritual man “is judged of no man.” In order to judge the spiritual man, the ordinary man must “know the mind of the Lord.” But “who of ordinary men knows” that?

_ _ that he may instruct him — that is, so as to be able to set Him right as His counselor (quoted from Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 40:14). So the Septuagint translates the Greek verb, which means to “prove,” in Acts 9:22. Natural men who judge spiritual men, living according to the mind of God (“We have the mind of Christ”), are virtually wishing to instruct God, and bring Him to another mind, as counselors setting to right their king.

_ _ we have the mind of Christ — in our degree of capability to apprehend it. Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 40:14 refers to Jehovah: therefore, as it is applied here to Christ, He is Jehovah.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 2:16

Who — What natural man. We — Spiritual men; apostles in particular. Have — Know, understand. The mind of Christ — Concerning the whole plan of gospel salvation. Isaiah 40:13

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 2:16

(16) For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may (t) instruct him? But we have (u) the mind of Christ.

(16) A reason from the former saying: for he is called spiritual, who has learned that by the power of the Spirit, which Christ has taught us. Now if that which we have learned from that Master could be reproved by any man, he must be wiser than God: whereupon it follows that they are not only foolish, but also wicked, who think that they can devise something that is either more perfect, or that they can teach the wisdom of God a better way than those knew or taught who were undoubtedly endued with God's Spirit.

(t) Lay his head to his, and teach him what he should do.

(u) We are endued with the Spirit of Christ, who opens to us those secrets which by all other means are unsearchable, and also any truth at all.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
who:

Job 15:8 Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself?
Job 22:2 Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself?
Job 40:2 Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct [him]? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.
Isaiah 40:13-14 Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] his counsellor hath taught him? ... With whom took he counsel, and [who] instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding?
Jeremiah 23:18 For who hath stood in the counsel of the LORD, and hath perceived and heard his word? who hath marked his word, and heard [it]?
Romans 11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

may:
Gr. shall

But:

John 15:15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
John 16:13-16 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, [that] shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. ... A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me, because I go to the Father.
John 17:6-8 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. ... For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received [them], and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.
Genesis 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, [and] herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed [was] in itself, after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good.
Ephesians 3:3-4 How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words, ... Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ)
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:12. Jb 15:8; 22:2; 40:2. Is 40:13. Jr 23:18. Jn 15:15; 16:13; 17:6. Ro 11:34. Ep 3:3.

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