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1 Corinthians 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, and he himself is judged of no man.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But he who is spiritual appraises all things, yet he himself is appraised by no one.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged by no man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but the spiritual discerns all things, and *he* is discerned of no one.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, the man of the spirit, on the one hand, examineth all things, but, on the other, he himself, by no one, is examined.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he who is spiritual, doth discern indeed all things, and he himself is by no one discerned;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the spiritual man judgeth all things: and he himself is judged of no man.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But he that is spirituall, iudgeth all things, yet he himselfe is iudged of no man.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but the spiritual judgeth of every thing, and he of man is not judged.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But he that is spiritual, judgeth of all things: and he is judged of by no one.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he that is spiritual 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
judgeth 350
{0350} Prime
ἀνακρίνω
anakrino
{an-ak-ree'-no}
From G0303 and G2919; properly to scrutinize, that is, (by implication) investigate, interrogate, determine.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
all things, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
yet 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
himself y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
is judged 350
{0350} Prime
ἀνακρίνω
anakrino
{an-ak-ree'-no}
From G0303 and G2919; properly to scrutinize, that is, (by implication) investigate, interrogate, determine.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
no man. 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 2:15

_ _ He that is spiritual — literally, “the spiritual (man).” In 1 Corinthians 2:14, it is “A [not ‘the,’ as English Version] natural man.” The spiritual is the man distinguished above his fellow men, as he in whom the Spirit rules. In the unregenerate, the spirit which ought to be the organ of the Holy Spirit (and which is so in the regenerate), is overridden by the animal soul, and is in abeyance, so that such a one is never called “spiritual.”

_ _ judgeth all things — and persons, by their true standard (compare 1 Corinthians 6:2-4; 1 John 4:1), in so far as he is spiritual. “Discerneth ... is discerned,” would better accord with the translation of the same Greek (1 Corinthians 2:14). Otherwise for “discerned,” in 1 Corinthians 2:14, translate, “judged of,” to accord with the translation, “judgeth ... is judged” in this fifteenth verse. He has a practical insight into the verities of the Gospel, though he is not infallible on all theoretical points. If an individual may have the Spirit without being infallible, why may not the Church have the Spirit, and yet not be infallible (a refutation of the plea of Rome for the Church’s infallibility, from Matthew 28:20; John 16:13)? As the believer and the Church have the Spirit, and are yet not therefore impeccable, so he and the Church have the Spirit, and yet are not infallible or impeccable. He and the Church are both infallible and impeccable, only in proportion to the degree in which they are led by the Spirit. The Spirit leads into all truth and holiness; but His influence on believers and on the Church is as yet partial. Jesus alone, who had the Spirit without measure (John 3:34), is both infallible and impeccable. Scripture, because it was written by men, who while writing were infallibly inspired, is unmixed truth (Proverbs 28:5; 1 John 2:27).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 2:15

But the spiritual man — He that hath the Spirit. Discerneth all the things of God whereof we have been speaking. Yet he himself is discerned by no man — No natural men. They neither understand what he is, nor what he says.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 2:15

(14) But he that is spiritual (r) judgeth all things, yet (15) he himself is judged of (s) no man.

(14) He amplifies the matter by opposites.

(r) Understands and discerns.

(15) The wisdom of the flesh, Paul says, determines nothing certainly, no not in its own affairs, much less can it discern strange, that is, spiritual things. But the Spirit of God, with which spiritual men are endued, can by no means be deceived, and therefore be reproved by any man.

(s) Of no man: for when the prophets are judged of the prophets, it is the Spirit that judges, and not the man.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he that:

1 Corinthians 3:1 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, [even] as unto babes in Christ.
1 Corinthians 14:37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.
Galatians 6:1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted.
Colossians 1:9 For this cause we also, since the day we heard [it], do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding;

judgeth:
or, discerneth,
2 Samuel 14:17 Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so [is] my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
1 Kings 3:9-11 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? ... And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment;
Psalms 25:14 The secret of the LORD [is] with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant.
Proverbs 28:5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all [things].
Ecclesiastes 8:5 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.
John 7:17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or [whether] I speak of myself.
Ephesians 4:13-14 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ: ... That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
Philippians 1:10 That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
*Gr:
1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.

yet:

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
2 Samuel 12:16-23 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth. ... But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
Acts 15:1-5 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, [and said], Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. ... But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command [them] to keep the law of Moses.
Acts 16:3 Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
Galatians 2:3-5 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: ... To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

judged:
or, discerned
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 12:16; 14:17. 1K 3:9. Ps 25:14. Pv 28:5. Ec 8:5. Jn 7:17. Ac 15:1; 16:3. 1Co 3:1; 4:5; 14:37. Ga 2:3; 6:1. Ep 4:13. Php 1:10. Col 1:9. 1Th 5:21. He 5:14. 1Jn 4:1.

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