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1 Corinthians 2:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Which things also we speak, not in words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Spirit teacheth; combining spiritual things with spiritual [words].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, combining spiritual [thoughts] with spiritual [words].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Spirit teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— which also we speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, communicating spiritual [things] by spiritual [means].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Which we also speak—not in words taught of human wisdom, but in such as are taught of [the] Spirit, by spiritual words, spiritual things, explaining.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— which things also we speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Holy Spirit, with spiritual things spiritual things comparing,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which things also we speak: not in the learned words of human wisdom, but in the doctrine of the Spirit, comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which things also we speake, not in the words which mans wisedome teacheth, but which the holy Ghost teacheth, comparing spiritual things with spirituall.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— which also we speak, not with the learning of words of wisdom of men, but with the learning of the Spirit; and with spirituals the spirituals we compare.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Which things we also speak; not in the teaching of the words of man's wisdom, but in the teaching of the spirit; and we compare spirituals with spirituals.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which things 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
we speak, 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the words 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
which man's 442
{0442} Prime
ἀνθρώπινος
anthropinos
{anth-ro'-pee-nos}
From G0444; human.
wisdom 4678
{4678} Prime
σοφία
sophia
{sof-ee'-ah}
From G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual).
teacheth, 1318
{1318} Prime
διδακτός
didaktos
{did-ak-tos'}
From G1321; (subjectively) instructed or (objectively) communicated by teaching.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
which x1722
(1722) Complement
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
teacheth; 1318
{1318} Prime
διδακτός
didaktos
{did-ak-tos'}
From G1321; (subjectively) instructed or (objectively) communicated by teaching.
y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
comparing 4793
{4793} Prime
συγκρίνω
sugkrino
{soong-kree'-no}
From G4862 and G2919; to judge of one thing in connection with another, that is, combine (spiritual ideas with appropriate expressions) or collate (one person with another by way of contrast or resemblance).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
spiritual things 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
with spiritual. 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 2:13

_ _ also — We not only know by the Holy Ghost, but we also speak the “things freely given to us of God” (1 Corinthians 2:12).

_ _ which the Holy Ghost teacheth — The old manuscripts read “the Spirit” simply, without “Holy.”

_ _ comparing spiritual things with spiritual — expounding the Spirit-inspired Old Testament Scripture, by comparison with the Gospel which Jesus by the same Spirit revealed [Grotius]; and conversely illustrating the Gospel mysteries by comparing them with the Old Testament types [Chrysostom]. So the Greek word is translated, “comparing” (2 Corinthians 10:12). Wahl (Key of the New Testament) translates, “explaining (as the Greek is translated, Genesis 40:8, the Septuagint) to spiritual (that is, Spirit-taught) men, spiritual things (the things which we ourselves are taught by the Spirit).” Spirit-taught men alone can comprehend spiritual truths. This accords with 1 Corinthians 2:6, 1 Corinthians 2:9, 1 Corinthians 2:10, 1 Corinthians 2:14, 1 Corinthians 2:15; 1 Corinthians 3:1. Alford translates, “Putting together (combining) spirituals with spirituals”; that is, attaching spiritual words to spiritual things, which we should not do, if we were to use words of worldly wisdom to expound spiritual things (so 1 Corinthians 2:1, 1 Corinthians 2:4; 1 Peter 4:11). Perhaps the generality of the neuters is designed to comprehend these several notions by implication. Comparing, or combining, spirituals with spirituals; implying both that spiritual things are only suited to spiritual persons (so “things” comprehended persons, 1 Corinthians 1:27), and also that spiritual truths can only be combined with spiritual (not worldly-wise) words; and lastly, spirituals of the Old and New Testaments can only be understood by mutual comparison or combination, not by combination with worldly “wisdom,” or natural perceptions (1 Corinthians 1:21, 1 Corinthians 1:22; 1 Corinthians 2:1, 1 Corinthians 2:4-9; compare Psalms 119:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 2:13

Which also we speak — As well as know. In words taught by the Holy Spirit — Such are all the words of scripture. How high a regard ought we, then, to retain for them! Explaining spiritual things by spiritual words; or, adapting spiritual words to spiritual things — Being taught of the Spirit to express the things of the Spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 2:13

(12) Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; (o) comparing spiritual things with spiritual.

(12) Now he returns to his purpose, and concludes the argument which he began in verse six (1 Corinthians 2:6), and it is this: the words must be applied to the matter, and the matter must be set forth with words which are proper and appropriate for it: now this wisdom is spiritual and not from man, and therefore it must be delivered by a spiritual type of teaching, and not by enticing words of man's eloquence, so that the simple, and yet wonderful majesty of the Holy Spirit may appear in it.

(o) Applying the words to the matter, that is, that as we teach spiritual things, so must our type of teaching be spiritual.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
not:

1 Corinthians 2:4 And my speech and my preaching [was] not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
1 Corinthians 1:17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect.
2 Peter 1:16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.

but:

1 Corinthians 12:1-3 Now concerning spiritual [gifts], brethren, I would not have you ignorant. ... Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and [that] no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.
1 Corinthians 14:2 For he that speaketh in an [unknown] tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth [him]; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
Luke 12:12 For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.
Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

comparing:
Or, as Bishop Pearce renders, "explaining συγκρινοντες [Strong's G4793] spiritual things to spiritual men," πνευματικοις [Strong's G4152].

spiritual things:

1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.
1 Corinthians 9:11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, [is it] a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things?
1 Corinthians 10:3-5 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; ... But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
Ephesians 5:19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lk 12:12. Ac 2:4. 1Co 1:17; 2:4, 14; 9:11; 10:3; 12:1; 14:2. Ep 5:19. Col 3:16. 1P 1:12. 2P 1:16.

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