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1 Corinthians 15:55 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “O DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR VICTORY? O DEATH , WHERE IS YOUR STING?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Where, O death, [is] thy sting? where, O death, thy victory?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Where, O death, is thy victory? Where, O death, is thy sting?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— where, O Death, thy sting? where, O Hades, thy victory?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O death, where is thy sting? O graue, where is thy victorie?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Where is thy sting, Death? and where is thy victory Shiul?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Where is thy sting, O death? And where is thy victory, O grave?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O death, 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
where 4226
{4226} Prime
ποῦ
pou
{poo}
Genitive case of πός [[pos]], an interrogitive pronoun, (what) otherwise obsolete (perhaps the same as G4225 used with the rising slide of inquiry); as adverb of place; at (by implication to) what locality.
[is] thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
sting? 2759
{2759} Prime
κέντρον
kentron
{ken'-tron}
From κεντέω [[kenteo]] (to prick); a point ('centre'), that is, a sting (figuratively poison) or goad (figuratively divine impulse).
O grave, 86
{0086} Prime
ᾅδης
hades
{hah'-dace}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1492; properly unseen, that is, 'Hades' or the place (state) of departed souls.
where 4226
{4226} Prime
ποῦ
pou
{poo}
Genitive case of πός [[pos]], an interrogitive pronoun, (what) otherwise obsolete (perhaps the same as G4225 used with the rising slide of inquiry); as adverb of place; at (by implication to) what locality.
[is] thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
victory? 3534
{3534} Prime
νῖκος
nikos
{nee'-kos}
From G3529; a conquest (concretely), that is, (by implication) triumph.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:55

_ _ Quoted from Hosea 13:14, substantially; but freely used by the warrant of the Spirit by which Paul wrote. The Hebrew may be translated, “O death, where are thy plagues? Where, O Hades, is thy destruction?” The Septuagint, “Where is thy victory (literally, in a lawsuit), O death? Where is thy sting, O Hades? ... Sting” answers to the Hebrew “plagues,” namely, a poisoned sting causing plagues. Appropriate, as to the old serpent (Genesis 3:14, Genesis 3:15; Numbers 21:6). “Victory” answers to the Hebrew “destruction.” Compare Isaiah 25:7, “destroy ... veil ... over all nations,” namely, victoriously destroy it; and to “in victory” (1 Corinthians 15:54), which he triumphantly repeats. The “where” implies their past victorious destroying power and sting, now gone for ever; obtained through Satan’s triumph over man in Eden, which enlisted God’s law on the side of Satan and death against man (Romans 5:12, Romans 5:17, Romans 5:21). The souls in Hades being freed by the resurrection, death’s sting and victory are gone. For “O grave,” the oldest manuscripts and versions read, “O death,” the second time.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:51-57.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:55

O death, where is thy sting? — Which once was full of hellish poison. O hades, the receptacle of separate souls, where is thy victory — Thou art now robbed of all thy spoils; all thy captives are set at liberty. Hades literally means the invisible world, and relates to the soul; death, to the body. The Greek words are found in the Septuagint translation of Hosea 13:14. Isaiah 25:8

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
O death:

Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

sting:

Acts 9:5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
Revelation 9:10 And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power [was] to hurt men five months.
*Gr.

grave:
or, hell,
Luke 16:23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
Acts 2:27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
Revelation 20:13-14 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. ... And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
*Gr.

is thy victory:

Job 18:13-14 It shall devour the strength of his skin: [even] the firstborn of death shall devour his strength. ... His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.
Psalms 49:8-15 (For the redemption of their soul [is] precious, and it ceaseth for ever:) ... But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
Psalms 89:48 What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Ecclesiastes 2:15-16 Then said I in my heart, As it happeneth to the fool, so it happeneth even to me; and why was I then more wise? Then I said in my heart, that this also [is] vanity. ... For [there is] no remembrance of the wise more than of the fool for ever; seeing that which now [is] in the days to come shall all be forgotten. And how dieth the wise [man]? as the fool.
Ecclesiastes 3:19 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 8:8 [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
Ecclesiastes 9:5-6 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. ... Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any [thing] that is done under the sun.
Romans 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 18:13. Ps 49:8; 89:48. Ec 2:15; 3:19; 8:8; 9:5. Ho 13:14. Lk 16:23. Ac 2:27; 9:5. Ro 5:14. Rv 9:10; 20:13.

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