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1 Corinthians 15:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and that he appeared to Cephas; then to the twelve;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And that he was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And that he appeared unto Cephas, then, to the twelve,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And that he was seen by Cephas, and after that by the eleven.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And that he was seene of Cephas, then of the twelue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he was seen of Kipha, and after him, of the twelve,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that he was seen by Cephas; and after him, by the twelve:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he was seen 3700
{3700} Prime
The first a (middle voice) prolonged form of the second (primary) which is used for it in certain tenses; and both as alternates of G3708; to gaze (that is, with wide open eyes, as at something remarkable; and thus differing from G0991, which denotes simply voluntary observation; and from G1492, which expresses merely mechanical, passive or casual vision; while G2300, and still more emphatically its intensive G2334, signifies an earnest but more continued inspection; and G4648 a watching from a distance).
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
of Cephas, 2786
{2786} Prime
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H3710]); the Rock; Cephas (that is, Kepha), surname of Peter.
then 1534
{1534} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a particle of succession (in time or logical enumeration), then, moreover.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
twelve: 1427
{1427} Prime
From G1417 and G1176; two and ten, that is, a dozen.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:5

_ _ seen of Cephas — Peter (Luke 24:34).

_ _ the twelve — The round number for “the Eleven” (Luke 24:33, Luke 24:36). “The Twelve” was their ordinary appellation, even when their number was not full. However, very possibly Matthias was present (Acts 1:22, Acts 1:23). Some of the oldest manuscripts and versions read, “the Eleven”: but the best on the whole, “the Twelve.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:5

By the twelve — This was their standing appellation; but their full number was not then present.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 15:5

And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the (c) twelve:

(c) Of those twelve picked and chosen apostles, who were commonly called twelve, though Judas was put out of the number.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Luke 24:34-35 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon. ... And they told what things [were done] in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.


1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
1 Corinthians 3:22 Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours;
1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
John 1:42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.


Mark 16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
Luke 24:36-49 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace [be] unto you. ... And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.
John 20:19-26 Then the same day at evening, being the first [day] of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace [be] unto you. ... And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: [then] came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace [be] unto you.
Acts 1:2-14 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen: ... These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.
Acts 10:41 Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, [even] to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead.
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Mk 16:14. Lk 24:34, 36. Jn 1:42; 20:19. Ac 1:2; 10:41. 1Co 1:12; 3:22; 9:5.

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