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1 Corinthians 15:47 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is of heaven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The first man [is] of the earth, earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from heaven.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The first man [is] from the earth, earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from heaven.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the first man out of [the] earth, made of dust; the second man, out of heaven.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The first man, is of the ground, earthy, the second man, is, of heaven:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The first man [is] out of the earth, earthy; the second man [is] the Lord out of heaven;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The first man was of the earth, earthly: the second man, from heaven, heavenly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The first man [is] of the earth, earthy: The second man [is] the Lord from heauen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The first man who is of the earth is dust, the second man the Lord from heaven.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— The first man was of dust from the earth; the second man was the Lord from heaven.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
[is] of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the earth, 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
earthy: 5517
{5517} Prime
χοϊκός
choikos
{kho-ik-os'}
From G5522; dusty or dirty (soil like), that is, (by implication) terrene.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
second 1208
{1208} Prime
δεύτερος
deuteros
{dyoo'-ter-os}
As the compound of G1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place or rank; also adverbially).
man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
[is] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
heaven. 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:47

_ _ of the earth — inasmuch as being sprung from the earth, he is “earthy” (Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19, “dust thou art”); that is, not merely earthly or born upon the earth, but terrene, or of earth; literally, “of heaped earth” or clay. “Adam” means red earth.

_ _ the Lord — omitted in the oldest manuscripts and versions.

_ _ from heaven — (John 3:13, John 3:31). Humanity in Christ is generic. In Him man is impersonated in his true ideal as God originally designed him. Christ is the representative man, the federal head of redeemed man.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:35-50.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:47

The first man was from the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven — The first man, being from the earth, is subject to corruption and dissolution, like the earth from which he came. The second man — St. Paul could not so well say, "Is from heaven, heavenly:" because, though man owes it to the earth that he is earthy, yet the Lord does not owe his glory to heaven. He himself made the heavens, and by descending from thence showed himself to us as the Lord. Christ was not the second man in order of time; but in this respect, that as Adam was a public person, who acted in the stead of all mankind, so was Christ. As Adam was the first general representative of men, Christ was the second and the last. And what they severally did, terminated not in themselves, but affected all whom they represented.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 15:47

The first man [is] of the earth, (z) earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from (a) heaven.

(z) Wallowing in dirt, and wholly given to an earthly nature.

(a) As Adam was the first man, Christ is the second man; and these two are spoken of, as if they were the only two men in the world; because as the former was the head and representative of all his natural posterity, so the latter is the head and representative of all the spiritual offspring: and that he is "the Lord from heaven"; in distinction from the first man. (Ed.)

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
first:

1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.
Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
John 3:13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, [even] the Son of man which is in heaven.
John 3:31 He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

the Lord:

Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Jeremiah 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Luke 1:16-17 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. ... And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
Luke 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
John 3:12-13 If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you [of] heavenly things? ... And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, [even] the Son of man which is in heaven.
John 3:31 He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.
John 6:33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
Acts 10:36 The word which [God] sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)
Ephesians 4:9-11 (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? ... And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:7; 3:19. Is 9:6. Jr 23:6. Mt 1:23. Lk 1:16; 2:11. Jn 3:12, 13, 31; 6:33. Ac 10:36. 1Co 15:45. 2Co 5:1. Ep 4:9. 1Ti 3:16.

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