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1 Corinthians 15:45 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam [became] a life-giving spirit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So also it is written, “The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL.” The last Adam [became] a life-giving spirit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul, the last Adam [was made] a vivifying spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul; the last Adam a quickening spirit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, also, it is written—The first man, Adam, became, a living soul, the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so also it hath been written, 'The first man Adam became a living creature,' the last Adam [is] for a life-giving spirit,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The first man Adam was made into a living soul; the last Adam into a quickening spirit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And so it is written: The first man Adam was made a liuing soule, the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— as also it is written, Adam the first man became a living soul, and the last Adam a life-giving spirit.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— So also is it written: "Adam, the first man, became a living soul;" the second Adam [became] a quickening spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
it is written, 1125
{1125} Prime
γράφω
grapho
{graf'-o}
A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively to describe.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Adam 76
{0076} Prime
Ἀδάμ
Adam
{ad-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0121]; Adam, the first man; typically (of Jesus) man (as his representative).
was made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
living 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
soul; 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
Adam 76
{0076} Prime
Ἀδάμ
Adam
{ad-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0121]; Adam, the first man; typically (of Jesus) man (as his representative).
[was made] 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a quickening 2227
{2227} Prime
ζῳοποιέω
zoopoieo
{dzo-op-oy-eh'-o}
From the same as G2226 and G4160; to (re-) vitalize (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
spirit. 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:45

_ _ so — in accordance with the distinction just mentioned between the natural or animal-souled body and the spiritual body.

_ _ it is written — (Genesis 2:7); “Man became (was made to become) a living soul,” that is, endowed with an animal soul, the living principle of his body.

_ _ the last Adam — the LAST Head of humanity, who is to be fully manifested in the last day, which is His day (John 6:39). He is so called in Job 19:25; see on Job 19:25 (compare Romans 5:14). In contrast to “the last,” Paul calls “man” (Genesis 2:7) “the FIRST Adam.”

_ _ quickening — not only living, but making alive (John 5:21; John 6:33, John 6:39, John 6:40, John 6:54, John 6:57, John 6:62, John 6:63; Romans 8:11). As the natural or animal-souled body (1 Corinthians 15:44) is the fruit of our union with the first Adam, an animal-souled man, so the spiritual body is the fruit of our union with the second Adam, who is the quickening Spirit (2 Corinthians 3:17). As He became representative of the whole of humanity in His union of the two natures, He exhausted in His own person the sentence of death passed on all men, and giveth spiritual and everlasting life to whom He will.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:35-50.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:45

The first Adam was made a living soul — God gave him such life as other animals enjoy: but the last Adam, Christ, is a quickening spirit — As he hath life in himself, so he quickeneth whom he will; giving a more refined life to their very bodies at the resurrection. Genesis 2:7

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 15:45

(25) And so it is written, The (x) first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a (y) quickening spirit.

(25) That is called a natural body which is made alive and maintained by a living soul only in the manner that Adam was, of whom we are all born naturally. And that is said to be a spiritual body, which together with the soul is made alive with a far more excellent power, that is, with the Spirit of God, who descends from Christ the second Adam to us.

(x) Adam is called the first man, because he is the root as it were from which we spring. And Christ is the latter man, because he is the beginning of all those that are spiritual, and in him we are all included.

(y) Christ is called a Spirit, by reason of that most excellent nature, that is to say, God who dwells in him bodily, as Adam is called a living soul, by reason of the soul which is the best part in him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The first:

1 Corinthians 15:47-49 The first man [is] of the earth, earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from heaven. ... And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Romans 5:12-14 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: ... Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
Revelation 16:3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead [man]: and every living soul died in the sea.

a quickening:

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 5:21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth [them]; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
John 5:25-29 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
John 6:33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
John 6:39-40 And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. ... And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:54 Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:57 As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.
John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
John 10:10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have [it] more abundantly.
John 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any [man] pluck them out of my hand.
John 11:25-26 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: ... And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also.
John 17:2-3 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. ... And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
Romans 5:17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
Romans 8:10-11 And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness. ... But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.
Colossians 3:4 When Christ, [who is] our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.
1 John 1:1-3 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; ... That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
1 John 5:11-12 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. ... He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
Revelation 21:6 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.
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Gn 2:7. Jn 1:4; 4:10, 14; 5:21, 25; 6:33, 39, 54, 57, 63, 68; 10:10, 28; 11:25; 14:6, 19; 17:2. Ac 3:15. Ro 5:12, 17, 21; 8:2, 10. 1Co 15:47. Php 3:21. Col 3:4. 1Jn 1:1; 5:11. Rv 16:3; 21:6; 22:1, 17.

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