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1 Corinthians 15:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be, but a bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other kind;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other [grain]:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and that which you sow, you do not sow the body which is to be, but a bare grain, perhaps of wheat or of something else.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain; it may be of wheat, or of some other [grain]:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And what thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be, but a bare grain: it may be of wheat, or some one of the rest:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, what thou sowest, not the body that shall come into existence, dost thou sow, but a naked kernel—if it so happen, of wheat, or of any of the rest,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and that which thou dost sow, not the body that shall be dost thou sow, but bare grain, it may be of wheat, or of some one of the others,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be: but bare grain, as of wheat, or of some of the rest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare graine, it may chance of wheate, or of some other [graine].
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and that thing which thou sowest is not the body that is to be, but thou sowest naked grain, of wheat, or of barley, or of the rest of seeds;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that is to be, but the naked kernel of wheat or barley, or of the other grains:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
thou sowest, 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thou sowest 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
that body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
that shall be, 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5697
<5697> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 3
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
bare 1131
{1131} Prime
γυμνός
gumnos
{goom-nos'}
Of uncertain affinity; nude (absolutely or relatively, literally or figuratively).
grain, 2848
{2848} Prime
κόκκος
kokkos
{kok'-kos}
Apparently a primary word; a kernel of seed.
x1487
(1487) Complement
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
it may chance 5177
{5177} Prime
τυγχάνω
tugchano
{toong-khan'-o}
Probably for an obsolete τύχω [[tucho]] (for which the middle voice of another alternate τεύχω [[teucho]] [to make ready or bring to pass] is used in certain tenses; akin to the base of G5088 through the idea of effecting; properly to affect; or (specifically) to hit or light upon (as a mark to be reached), that is, (transitively) to attain or secure an object or end, or (intransitively) to happen (as if meeting with); but in the latter application only impersonally (with G1487), that is, perchance; or (present participle) as adjective usual (as if commonly met with, with G3756, extraordinary), neuter (as adverb) perhaps; or (with another verb) as adverb by accident (as it were).
y1487
[1487] Standard
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
z5630
<5630> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 15
of wheat, 4621
{4621} Prime
σῖτος
sitos
{see'-tos}
σῖτα [[sita]], {see'-tah}; is the plural irregular neuter of the first form. Of uncertain derivation; grain, especially wheat.
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
of some 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
other 3062
{3062} Prime
λοιποί
loipoy
{loy-poy'}
Masculine plural of a derivative of G3007; remaining ones.
[grain]:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:37

_ _ not that body that shall be — a body beautiful and no longer a “bare grain” [Bengel]. No longer without stalk or ear, but clothed with blade and ears, and yielding many grains instead of only one [Grotius]. There is not an identity of all the particles of the old and the new body. For the perpetual transmutation of matter is inconsistent with this. But there is a hidden germ which constitutes the identity of body amidst all outward changes: the outward accretions fall off in its development, while the germ remains the same. Every such germ (“seed,” 1 Corinthians 15:38) “shall have its own body,” and be instantly recognized, just as each plant now is known from the seed that was sown (see on 1 Corinthians 6:13). So Christ by the same image illustrated the truth that His death was the necessary prelude of His putting on His glorified body, which is the ground of the regeneration of the many who believe (John 12:24). Progress is the law of the spiritual, as of the natural world. Death is the avenue not to mere revivification or reanimation, but to resurrection and regeneration (Matthew 19:28; Philippians 3:21). Compare “planted,” etc., Romans 6:5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:35-50.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:37

Thou sowest not the body that shall be — Produced from the seed committed to the ground, but a bare, naked grain, widely different from that which will afterward rise out of the earth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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