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1 Corinthians 15:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Awake to soberness righteously, and sin not; for some have no knowledge of God: I speak [this] to move you to shame.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Become sober-minded as you ought, and stop sinning; for some have no knowledge of God. I speak [this] to your shame.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God. I speak [this] to your shame.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Awake up righteously, and sin not; for some are ignorant of God: I speak to you as a matter of shame.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wake up to sobriety, in righteousness, and be not committing sin; for some have, an ignorance of God: for shame, unto you, am I speaking!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— awake up, as is right, and sin not; for certain have an ignorance of God; for shame to you I say [it].
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Awake, ye just, and sin not. For some have not the knowledge of God. I speak it to your shame.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Awake to righteousnesse, and sinne not: for some haue not the knowledge of God, I speake this to your shame.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— AWAKEN your hearts rightly, and sin not; for there are some who have not the knowledge of Aloha; to your shame I say it.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Let your hearts be righteously excited, and sin not: for there are some, in whom is not the love of God: it is to your shame, I say it.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Awake 1594
{1594} Prime
ἐκνήφω
eknepho
{ek-nay'-fo}
From G1537 and G3525; (figuratively) to rouse (oneself) out of stupor.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
to righteousness, 1346
{1346} Prime
δικαίως
dikaios
{dik-ah'-yoce}
Adverb from G1342; equitably.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sin 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
not; 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
some 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
have y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not the knowledge 56
{0056} Prime
ἀγνωσία
agnosia
{ag-no-see'-ah}
From G0001 (as negative particle) and G1108; ignorance (properly the state).
x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
I speak 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[this] to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
your 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
shame. 1791
{1791} Prime
ἐντροπή
entrope
{en-trop-ay'}
From G1788; confusion.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:34

_ _ Awake — literally, “out of the sleep” of carnal intoxication into which ye are thrown by the influence of these skeptics (1 Corinthians 15:32; Joel 1:5).

_ _ to righteousness — in contrast with “sin” in this verse, and corrupt manners (1 Corinthians 15:33).

_ _ sin not — Do not give yourselves up to sinful pleasures. The Greek expresses a continued state of abstinence from sin. Thus, Paul implies that they who live in sinful pleasures readily persuade themselves of what they wish, namely, that there is to be no resurrection.

_ _ some — the same as in 1 Corinthians 15:12.

_ _ have not the knowledge of Godand so know not His power in the resurrection (Matthew 22:29). Stronger than “are ignorant of God.” An habitual ignorance: willful, in that they prefer to keep their sins, rather than part with them, in order to know God (compare John 7:17; 1 Peter 2:15).

_ _ to your shame — that you Corinthian Christians, who boast of your knowledge, should have among you, and maintain intercourse with, those so practically ignorant of God, as to deny the resurrection.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:20-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:34

Awake — An exclamation full of apostolical majesty. Shake off your lethargy! To righteousness — Which flows from the true knowledge of God, and implies that your whole soul be broad awake. And sin not — That is, and ye will not sin Sin supposes drowsiness of soul. There is need to press this. For some among you have not the knowledge of God — With all their boasted knowledge, they are totally ignorant of what it most concerns them to know. I speak this to your shame — For nothing is more shameful, than sleepy ignorance of God, and of the word and works of God; in these especially, considering the advantages they had enjoyed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Awake:

Joel 1:5 Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and howl, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the new wine; for it is cut off from your mouth.
Jonah 1:6 So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.
Romans 13:11 And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when we believed.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.

sin not:

Psalms 4:4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Psalms 119:11 Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.
John 5:14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.
John 8:11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.

some:

1 Corinthians 8:7 Howbeit [there is] not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat [it] as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

I speak:

1 Corinthians 6:5 I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you? no, not one that shall be able to judge between his brethren?
Hebrews 5:11-12 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing. ... For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 4:4; 119:11. Jol 1:5. Jna 1:6. Jn 5:14; 8:11. Ro 1:28; 13:11. 1Co 6:5; 8:7. Ep 5:14. 1Th 4:5. He 5:11.

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