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1 Corinthians 15:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Else what shall they do that are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Otherwise, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Else what will they do, who are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Since what shall the baptised for the dead do if [those that are] dead rise not at all? why also are they baptised for them?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Else, what will they do, who are being immersed in behalf of the dead? If, not at all, are the dead to be raised, why are they even being immersed in their behalf?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Seeing what shall they do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead do not rise at all? why also are they baptized for the dead?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Otherwise, what shall they do that are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not again at all? Why are they then baptized for them?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Else what shal they do, which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all, why are they then baptized for the dead?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Else what shall they do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead arise not? Why are they baptized for the dead?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Otherwise, what shall they do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not? Why are they baptized for the dead?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Else 1893
{1893} Prime
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
shall they do 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
which are baptized 907
{0907} Prime
βαπτίζω
baptizo
{bap-tid'-zo}
From a derivative of G0911; to make whelmed (that is, fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the dead 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
rise 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
at all? 3654
{3654} Prime
ὅλως
holos
{hol'-oce}
Adverb from G3650; completely, that is, altogether; (by analogy) everywhere; (negative) not by any means.
why 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
are they then x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
baptized 907
{0907} Prime
βαπτίζω
baptizo
{bap-tid'-zo}
From a derivative of G0911; to make whelmed (that is, fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
dead? 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:29

_ _ Else — if there be no resurrection.

_ _ what shall they do? — How wretched is their lot!

_ _ they ... which are baptized for the dead — third person; a class distinct from that in which the apostle places himself, “we” (1 Corinthians 15:30); first person. Alford thinks there is an allusion to a practice at Corinth of baptizing a living person in behalf of a friend who died unbaptized; thus Paul, without giving the least sanction to the practice, uses an ad hominem argument from it against its practicers, some of whom, though using it, denied the resurrection: “What account can they give of their practice; why are they at the trouble of it, if the dead rise not?” [So Jesus used an ad hominem argument, Matthew 12:27]. But if so, it is strange there is no direct censure of it. Some Marcionites adopted the practice at a later period, probably from taking this passage, as Alford does; but, generally, it was unknown in the Church. Bengel translates, “over (immediately upon) the dead,” that is, who will be gathered to the dead immediately after baptism. Compare Job 17:1, “the graves are ready for me.” The price they get for their trouble is, that they should be gathered to the dead for ever (1 Corinthians 15:13, 1 Corinthians 15:16). Many in the ancient Church put off baptism till near death. This seems the better view; though there may have been some rites of symbolical baptism at Corinth, now unknown, perhaps grounded on Jesus’ words (Matthew 20:22, Matthew 20:23), which Paul here alludes to. The best punctuation is, “If the dead rise not at all, why are they then baptized for them” (so the oldest manuscripts read the last words, instead of “for the dead”)?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:20-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:29

Who are baptized for the dead — Perhaps baptized in hope of blessings to be received after they are numbered with the dead. Or, "baptized in the room of the dead" — Of them that are just fallen in the cause of Christ: like soldiers who advance in the room of their companions that fell just before their face.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 15:29

(15) Else what shall they do which are baptized (o) for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

(15) The fifth argument taken of the end of baptism, that is, because those who are baptized, are baptized for dead: that is to say, that they may have a remedy against death, because baptism is a token of regeneration.

(o) They that are baptized to this end and purpose, that death may be put out in them, or to rise again from the dead, of which baptism is a seal.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
what:

1 Corinthians 15:16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:
1 Corinthians 15:32 If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.
Romans 6:3-4 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? ... Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
Matthew 20:22 But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.
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Mt 20:22. Ro 6:3. 1Co 15:16, 32.

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