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1 Corinthians 15:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— by which also ye are saved, if ye hold fast the word which I preached unto you, except ye believed in vain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached to you, unless ye have believed in vain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— by which also ye are saved, (if ye hold fast the word which I announced to you as the glad tidings,) unless indeed ye have believed in vain.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Through which also ye are being saved,—if ye hold fast, with what discourse, I announced the joyful message unto you; unless indeed, in vain, ye believed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— through which also ye are being saved, in what words I proclaimed good news to you, if ye hold fast, except ye did believe in vain,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By which also you are saved, if you hold fast after what manner I preached unto you, unless you have believed in vain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By which also yee are saued, if yee keepe in memorie what I preached vnto you, vnlesse yee haue beleeued in vaine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and by which you are saved; of which, the word I have preached to you, you are mindful, unless you have vainly believed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and by which ye have life. In what terms I preached to you, ye remember; unless ye have believed in vain.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
ye are saved, 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
ye keep y2722
[2722] Standard
κατέχω
katecho
{kat-ekh'-o}
From G2596 and G2192; to hold down (fast), in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in memory x2722
(2722) Complement
κατέχω
katecho
{kat-ekh'-o}
From G2596 and G2192; to hold down (fast), in various applications (literally or figuratively).
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
y3056
[3056] Standard
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
I x3056
(3056) Complement
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
preached 2097
{2097} Prime
εὐαγγελίζω
euaggelizo
{yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo}
From G2095 and G0032; to announce good news ('evangelize') especially the gospel.
z5668
<5668> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 88
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
unless 1622
{1622} Prime
ἐκτός
ektos
{ek-tos'}
From G1537; the exterior; figuratively (as a preposition) aside from, besides.
1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
ye have believed 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
in vain. 1500
{1500} Prime
εἰκῇ
eike
{i-kay'}
Probably from G1502 (through the idea of failure); idly, that is, without reason (or effect).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:2

_ _ ye are saved — rather, “ye are being saved.”

_ _ if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you — Able critics, Bengel and others, prefer connecting the words thus, “I declare unto you the Gospel (1 Corinthians 15:1) in what words I preached it unto you.” Paul reminds them, or rather makes known to them, as if anew, not only the fact of the Gospel, but also with what words, and by what arguments, he preached it to them. Translate in that case, “if ye hold it fast.” I prefer arranging as English Version, “By which ye are saved, if ye hold fast (in memory and personal appropriation) with what speech I preached it unto you.”

_ _ unless — which is impossible, your faith is vain, in resting on Christ’s resurrection as an objective reality.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:2

Ye are saved, if ye hold fast — Your salvation is begun, and will be perfected, if ye continue in the faith. Unless ye have believed in vain — Unless indeed your faith was only a delusion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 15:2

By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, (b) unless ye have believed in vain.

(b) Which is very absurd, and cannot be, for they that believe must reap the fruit of faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye are:

1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
Acts 2:47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
*Gr:
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
2 Corinthians 2:15 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:
Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,

keep in memory:
or, hold fast,
1 Corinthians 15:11-12 Therefore whether [it were] I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed. ... Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
Proverbs 3:1 My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:
Proverbs 4:13 Take fast hold of instruction; let [her] not go: keep her; for she [is] thy life.
Proverbs 6:20-23 My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother: ... For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:
Proverbs 23:23 Buy the truth, and sell [it] not; [also] wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.
Colossians 1:23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and [be] not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, [and] which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;
2 Thessalonians 2:15 Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle.
Hebrews 2:1 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip.
Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast [our] profession.
Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;)

what I preached:
Gr. by what speech I preached

unless:

1 Corinthians 15:14 And if Christ be not risen, then [is] our preaching vain, and your faith [is] also vain.
Psalms 106:12-13 Then believed they his words; they sang his praise. ... They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel:
Luke 8:13 They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
John 8:31-32 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed; ... And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
Acts 8:13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.
Galatians 3:4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it be] yet in vain.
James 2:14 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?
James 2:17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
James 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 106:12. Pv 3:1; 4:13; 6:20; 23:23. Lk 8:13. Jn 8:31. Ac 2:47; 8:13. Ro 1:16. 1Co 1:18, 21; 15:11, 14. 2Co 2:15; 6:1. Ga 3:4. Ep 2:8. Col 1:23. 2Th 2:15. 2Ti 1:9. He 2:1; 3:6, 14; 4:14; 10:23. Jm 2:14, 17, 26.

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