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1 Corinthians 15:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not found vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I labored even more than all of them, yet not I, but the grace of God with me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me, was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But by God's grace I am what I am; and his grace, which [was] towards me, has not been vain; but I have laboured more abundantly than they all, but not *I*, but the grace of God which [was] with me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, by favour of God, I am what I am, and, his favour, which was unto me, hath not been made void,—but, much more abundantly than they all, have I toiled, albeit not, I, but the favour of God with me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace that [is] towards me came not in vain, but more abundantly than they all did I labour, yet not I, but the grace of God that [is] with me;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But by the grace of God, I am what I am. And his grace in me hath not been void: but I have laboured more abundantly than all they. Yet not I, but the grace of God with me:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was [bestowed] vpon me, was not in vaine: But I laboured more abundantly then they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but by the grace of Aloha I am what I am; and his grace in me was not in vain; but more than all have I laboured, (yet) not I, but his grace which is with me.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But by the grace of God, I am what I am: and his grace, that was in me, was not in vain; but I labored more than they all: -not I, but his grace that was with me.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
by the grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
I am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
what 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
I am: 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
which x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
[was bestowed] upon 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
me 1691
{1691} Prime
ἐμέ
eme
{em-eh'}
A prolonged form of G3165; me.
was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
in vain; 2756
{2756} Prime
κενός
kenos
{ken-os'}
Apparently a primary word; empty (literally or figuratively).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
I laboured 2872
{2872} Prime
κοπιάω
kopiao
{kop-ee-ah'-o}
From a derivative of G2873; to feel fatigue; by implication to work hard.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
more abundantly 4054
{4054} Prime
περισσότερον
perissoteron
{per-is-sot'-er-on}
Neuter of G4055 (as adverb); in a more superabundant way.
than they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
all: 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
yet 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
I, 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
which 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
was with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
me. 1698
{1698} Prime
ἐμοί
emoi
{em-oy'}
A prolonged form of G3427; to me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:10

_ _ by ... grace ... and his grace — The repetition implies the prominence which God’s grace had in his mind, as the sole cause of his marvelous conversion and subsequent labors. Though “not meet to be called an apostle,” grace has given him, in Christ, the meetness needed for the office. Translate as the Greek, “His grace which was (showed) towards me.”

_ _ what I am — occupying the honorable office of an apostle. Contrast with this the self-sufficient prayer of another Pharisee (Luke 18:11).

_ _ but I laboured — by God’s grace (Philippians 2:16).

_ _ than they all — than any of the apostles (1 Corinthians 15:7).

_ _ grace of God ... with me — Compare “the Lord working with them” (Mark 16:20). The oldest manuscripts omit “which was.” The “not I, but grace,” implies, that though the human will concurred with God when brought by His Spirit into conformity with His will, yet “grace” so preponderated in the work, that his own co-operation is regarded as nothing, and grace as virtually the sole agent. (Compare 1 Corinthians 3:9; Matthew 10:20; 2 Corinthians 6:1; Philippians 2:12, Philippians 2:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 15:10

I laboured more than they all — That is, more than any of them, from a deep sense of the peculiar love God had shown me. Yet, to speak more properly, it is not I, but the grace of God that is with me — This it is which at first qualified me for the work, and still excites me to zeal and diligence in it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
by:

1 Corinthians 4:7 For who maketh thee to differ [from another]? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? now if thou didst receive [it], why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received [it]?
Romans 11:1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, [of] the tribe of Benjamin.
Romans 11:5-6 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. ... And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Ephesians 2:7-8 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in [his] kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. ... For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
Ephesians 3:7-8 Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power. ... Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ;
1 Timothy 1:15-16 This [is] a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. ... Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.

his grace:

1 Corinthians 15:2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.

but I:

Romans 15:17-20 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which pertain to God. ... Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's foundation:
2 Corinthians 10:12-16 For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise. ... To preach the gospel in the [regions] beyond you, [and] not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand.
2 Corinthians 11:23-30 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.
2 Corinthians 12:11 I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.

yet:

Matthew 10:20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God;
Galatians 2:8 (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)
Ephesians 3:7 Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power.
Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.
Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.
Colossians 1:28-29 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: ... Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 10:20. Ro 11:1, 5; 15:17. 1Co 4:7; 15:2. 2Co 3:5; 6:1; 10:12; 11:23; 12:11. Ga 2:8. Ep 2:7; 3:7. Php 2:13; 4:13. Col 1:28. 1Ti 1:15.

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