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1 Corinthians 14:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to the unbelieving: but prophesying [is for a sign], not to the unbelieving, but to them that believe.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying [serveth] not for them that believe not, but for them which believe.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So then tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe but to unbelievers; but prophecy [is for a sign], not to unbelievers but to those who believe.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore languages are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying [serveth] not for them that believe not, but for them who believe.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So that tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe, but to unbelievers; but prophecy, not to unbelievers, but to those who believe.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So that, the tongues, are for a sign—not unto them that believe, but, unto them that believe not; whereas, prophesying, is not for them that believe not, but, for them that believe.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so that the tongues are for a sign, not to the believing, but to the unbelieving; and the prophesy [is] not for the unbelieving, but for the believing,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to believers but to unbelievers: but prophecies, not to unbelievers but to believers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherfore tongues are for a signe, not to them that beleeue, but to them that beleeue not: But prophesying [serueth] not for them that beleeue not, but for them which beleeue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Hence, tongues are appointed for a sign, not to the believing, but to those who believe not: but prophecy, not for those who believe not, but for those who believe.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore, tongues are established for a sign, not to the believers, but to them that believe not. But prophesyings are not for those who believe not, but for them that believe.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 5620
{5620} Prime
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
tongues 1100
{1100} Prime
γλῶσσα
glossa
{gloce-sah'}
Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a sign, 4592
{4592} Prime
σημεῖον
semeion
{say-mi'-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of G4591; an indication, especially ceremonially or supernaturally.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
to them that believe, 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
to them that believe not: 571
{0571} Prime
ἄπιστος
apistos
{ap'-is-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G4103; (actively) disbelieving, that is, without Christian faith (specifically a heathen); (passively) untrustworthy (person), or incredible (thing).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
prophesying 4394
{4394} Prime
προφητεία
propheteia
{prof-ay-ti'-ah}
From G4396 ('prophecy'); prediction (scriptural or other).
[serveth] not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
for them that believe not, 571
{0571} Prime
ἄπιστος
apistos
{ap'-is-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G4103; (actively) disbelieving, that is, without Christian faith (specifically a heathen); (passively) untrustworthy (person), or incredible (thing).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
for them which believe. 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 14:22

_ _ Thus from Isaiah it appears, reasons Paul, that “tongues” (unknown and uninterpreted) are not a sign mainly intended for believers (though at the conversion of Cornelius and the Gentiles with him, tongues were vouchsafed to him and them to confirm their faith), but mainly to be a condemnation to those, the majority, who, like Israel in Isaiah’s day, reject the sign and the accompanying message. Compare “yet ... will they not hear Me” (1 Corinthians 14:21). “Sign” is often used for a condemnatory sign (Ezekiel 4:3, Ezekiel 4:4; Matthew 12:39-42). Since they will not understand, they shall not understand.

_ _ prophesying ... not for them that believe not, but ... believe — that is, prophesying has no effect on them that are radically and obstinately like Israel (Isaiah 28:11, Isaiah 28:12), unbelievers, but on them that are either in receptivity or in fact believers; it makes believers of those not willfully unbelievers (1 Corinthians 14:24, 1 Corinthians 14:25; Romans 10:17), and spiritually nourishes those that already believe.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 14:21-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 14:22

Tongues are intended for a sign to unbelievers — To engage their attention, and convince them the message is of God. Whereas prophecy is not so much for unbelievers, as for the confirmation of them that already believe.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 14:22

(10) Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying [serveth] not for them that believe not, but for them which believe.

(10) The conclusion: therefore the gift of tongues serves to punish the unfaithful and unbelievers, unless it is referred to prophecy (that is to say, to the interpretation of scripture) and that what is spoken is by the means of prophecy is understood by the hearers.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for a:

Mark 16:17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;
Acts 2:6-12 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. ... And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
Acts 2:32-36 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. ... Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

not to:

1 Timothy 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,

but for:

1 Corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men [to] edification, and exhortation, and comfort.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mk 16:17. Ac 2:6, 32. 1Co 14:3. 1Ti 1:9.

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User-Posted Comments on 1 Corinthians 14:22


Tongues is a SIGN FOR UNBELIEVER. PROPHESYING IS FOR BELIEVERS OF ELOAH TRUTH/Gospel today.2thess. 1;7-8.
Signs,=prophets,tongues,=gifts,knowledge=gifts=given in parts= all has cease in 1 cor. 13;8;
a. When that which is perfect[Complete] come 1cor.13;8
1. That which is perfect is [jame. 1;25].
ROMAN CATHOLIC, CHURCH OF CHRIST AND ALL PROTESTANT.TEACHING
1.DOCTRINE OF DEMONS. 1TIM.1;1-4,
2.THEY ARE CONGREGATION OF THE DEAD .PROV.21;16
3.Synagogue of demons. rev. 2;9.3;9.

- NegOs A-Sir (1/21/2013 8:16:36 PM)
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