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1 Corinthians 14:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Else if thou bless with the spirit, how shall he that filleth the place of the unlearned say the Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he knoweth not what thou sayest?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Otherwise if you bless in the spirit [only], how will the one who fills the place of the ungifted say the “Amen” at your giving of thanks, since he does not know what you are saying?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Else, when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Since otherwise, if thou blessest with [the] spirit, how shall he who fills the place of the simple [Christian] say Amen, at thy giving of thanks, since he does not know what thou sayest?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Else, if thou be blessing in a spirit, he that filleth up the place of the ungifted person, how shall he say the Amen upon thy thanksgiving? since indeed, what thou art saying, he knoweth not;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— since, if thou mayest bless with the spirit, he who is filling the place of the unlearned, how shall he say the Amen at thy giving of thanks, since what thou dost say he hath not known?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Else, if thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that holdeth the place of the unlearned say, Amen, to thy blessing? Because he knoweth not what thou sayest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Else, when thou shalt blesse with the spirit, how shall hee that occupieth the roome of the vnlearned, say Amen at thy giuing of thankes, seeing he vnderstandeth not what thou sayest?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Otherwise, if thou bless with the spirit, how shall he who filleth the place of the unlearned say Amen to thy thanksgiving? for he knoweth not what thou sayest.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Otherwise, if thou blessest in the spirit, how shall he that filleth the place of one unlearned, say Amen, on thy giving thanks; for he knoweth not what thou sayest?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Else 1893
{1893} Prime
ἐπεί
epei
{ep-i'}
From G1909 and G1487; there upon, that is, since (of time or cause).
when 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
thou shalt bless 2127
{2127} Prime
εὐλογέω
eulogeo
{yoo-log-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G3056; to speak well of, that is, (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
with the x3533
(3533) Complement
Νικόπολις
Nikopolis
{nik-op'-ol-is}
From G3534 and G4172; victorious city; Nicopolis, a place in Macedonia.
spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
how 4459
{4459} Prime
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
shall he that occupieth 378
{0378} Prime
ἀναπληρόω
anapleroo
{an-ap-lay-ro'-o}
From G0303 and G4137; to complete; by implication to occupy, supply; figuratively to accomplish (by coincidence or obedience).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
room 5117
{5117} Prime
τόπος
topos
{top'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
unlearned 2399
{2399} Prime
ἰδιώτης
idiotes
{id-ee-o'-tace}
From G2398; a private person, that is, (by implication) an ignoramus (compare 'idiot').
say 2046
{2046} Prime
ἐρέω
ereo
{er-eh'-o}
Probably a fuller form of G4483; an alternate for G2036 in certain tenses; to utter, that is, speak or say.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
Amen 281
{0281} Prime
ἀμήν
amen
{am-ane'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0543]; properly firm, that is, (figuratively) trustworthy; adverbially surely (often as interjection so be it).
x2818
(2818) Complement
κληρονόμος
kleronomos
{klay-ron-om'-os}
From G2819 and the base of G3551 (in its original sense of partitioning, that is, [reflexively] getting by apportionment); a sharer by lot, that is, an inheritor (literally or figuratively); by implication a possessor.
at 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
thy 4674
{4674} Prime
σός
sos
{sos}
From G4771; thine.
giving of thanks, 2169
{2169} Prime
εὐχαριστία
eucharistia
{yoo-khar-is-tee'-ah}
From G2170; gratitude; active grateful language (to God, as an act of worship).
seeing 1894
{1894} Prime
ἐπειδή
epeide
{ep-i-day'}
From G1893 and G1211; since now, that is, (of time) when, or (of cause) whereas.
he understandeth 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
thou sayest? 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 14:16

_ _ Else ... thou — He changes from the first person, as he had just expressed his own resolution, “I will pray with the understanding,” whatever “thou” doest.

_ _ bless — the highest kind of prayer.

_ _ occupieth the room of the unlearned — one who, whatever other gifts he may possess, yet, as wanting the gift of interpretation, is reduced by the speaking in an unknown tongue to the position of one unlearned, or “a private person.”

_ _ say Amen — Prayer is not a vicarious duty done by others for us; as in Rome’s liturgies and masses. We must join with the leader of the prayers and praises of the congregation, and say aloud our responsive “Amen” in assent, as was the usage of the Jewish (Deuteronomy 27:15-26; Nehemiah 8:6) and Christian primitive churches [Justin Martyr, Apology, 2. 97].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 14:15-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 14:16

Otherwise how shall he that filleth the place of a private person — That is, any private hearer. Say Amen — Assenting and confirming your words, as it was even then usual for the whole congregation to do.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 14:16

(7) Else when thou shalt bless with the (n) spirit, how shall he that (o) occupieth the room of the unlearned say (p) Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?

(7) Another reason: seeing that the whole congregation must agree with him that speaks, and also witness this agreement, how will they give their assent or agreement who know not what is spoken?

(n) Alone, without any consideration of the hearers.

(o) He that sits as a private man.

(p) So then one uttered the prayers, and all the company answered "amen".

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
bless:

1 Corinthians 14:2 For he that speaketh in an [unknown] tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth [him]; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
1 Corinthians 14:14 For if I pray in an [unknown] tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.

unlearned:

1 Corinthians 14:23-24 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in [those that are] unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? ... But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or [one] unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all:
Isaiah 29:11-12 And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which [men] deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it [is] sealed: ... And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.
John 7:15 And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?
Acts 4:13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.

Amen:

1 Corinthians 11:24 And when he had given thanks, he brake [it], and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
1 Corinthians 16:24 My love [be] with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen. [[[The first [epistle] to the Corinthians was written from Philippi by Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus and Timotheus.]]]
Numbers 5:22 And this water that causeth the curse shall go into thy bowels, to make [thy] belly to swell, and [thy] thigh to rot: And the woman shall say, Amen, amen.
Deuteronomy 27:15-26 Cursed [be] the man that maketh [any] graven or molten image, an abomination unto the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and putteth [it] in [a] secret [place]. And all the people shall answer and say, Amen. ... Cursed [be] he that confirmeth not [all] the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
1 Kings 1:36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, Amen: the LORD God of my lord the king say so [too].
1 Chronicles 16:36 Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said, Amen, and praised the LORD.
Psalms 41:13 Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 72:19 And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 89:52 Blessed [be] the LORD for evermore. Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 106:48 Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting: and let all the people say, Amen. Praise ye the LORD.
Jeremiah 28:6 Even the prophet Jeremiah said, Amen: the LORD do so: the LORD perform thy words which thou hast prophesied, to bring again the vessels of the LORD'S house, and all that is carried away captive, from Babylon into this place.
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.
Mark 16:20 And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with [them], and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
John 21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.
Revelation 5:14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.
Revelation 22:20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

at:

1 Corinthians 1:4-8 I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ; ... Who shall also confirm you unto the end, [that ye may be] blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 5:22. Dt 27:15. 1K 1:36. 1Ch 16:36. Ps 41:13; 72:19; 89:52; 106:48. Is 29:11. Jr 28:6. Mt 6:13; 28:20. Mk 16:20. Jn 7:15; 21:25. Ac 4:13. 1Co 1:4; 11:24; 14:2, 14, 23; 16:24. Rv 5:14; 22:20.

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