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1 Corinthians 14:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If then I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be to him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh will be a barbarian unto me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh [shall be] a barbarian unto me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If then I do not know the meaning of the language, I will be to the one who speaks a barbarian, and the one who speaks will be a barbarian to me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore, if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be to him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh [will be] a barbarian to me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If therefore I do not know the power of the sound, I shall be to him that speaks a barbarian, and he that speaks a barbarian for me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, then, I do not know the meaning of the language, I shall be, unto him that is speaking, a foreigner, and, he that is speaking, shall be, in my case, a foreigner.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— if, then, I do not know the power of the voice, I shall be to him who is speaking a foreigner, and he who is speaking, is to me a foreigner;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If then I know not the power of the voice, I shall be to him to whom I speak a barbarian: and he that speaketh a barbarian to me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voyce, I shall bee vnto him that speaketh, a Barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a Barbarian vnto mee.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but if I do not know the power of the voice, I become as a barbarian to him who speaks, and he also who speaks is a barbarian to me.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But if I do not know the import of the sound, I shall be a barbarian to him that speaketh, and the speaker will be a barbarian to me.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
if y3362
[3362] Standard
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x1437
(1437) Complement
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
I know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5762
<5762> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 10
not y3362
[3362] Standard
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
meaning 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
voice, 5456
{5456} Prime
φωνή
phone
{fo-nay'}
Probably akin to G5316 through the idea of disclosure; a tone (articulate, bestial or artificial); by implication an address (for any purpose), saying or language.
I shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
unto him that speaketh 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
a barbarian, 915
{0915} Prime
βάρβαρος
barbaros
{bar'-bar-os}
Of uncertain derivation; a foreigner (that is, non Greek).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he that speaketh 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[shall be] a barbarian 915
{0915} Prime
βάρβαρος
barbaros
{bar'-bar-os}
Of uncertain derivation; a foreigner (that is, non Greek).
unto 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
me. 1698
{1698} Prime
ἐμοί
emoi
{em-oy'}
A prolonged form of G3427; to me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 14:11

_ _ Therefore — seeing that none is without meaning.

_ _ a barbarian — a foreigner (Acts 28:2). Not in the depreciatory sense as the term is now used, but one speaking a foreign language.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 14:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 14:11

I shall be a barbarian to him — Shall seem to talk unintelligible gibberish.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 14:11

Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that (g) speaketh [shall be] a barbarian unto me.

(g) As the papists in all their sermons, and they that ambitiously pour out some Hebrew or Greek words in the pulpit before the unlearned people, by this to get themselves a name of vain learning.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I shall:

1 Corinthians 14:21 In the law it is written, With [men of] other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord.
Acts 28:2 And the barbarous people shewed us no little kindness: for they kindled a fire, and received us every one, because of the present rain, and because of the cold.
Acts 28:4 And when the barbarians saw the [venomous] beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.
Romans 1:14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise.
Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 28:2, 4. Ro 1:14. 1Co 14:21. Col 3:11.

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