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1 Corinthians 13:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and if I give my body to be burned, but have not love, it profiteth me nothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And though I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And if I give all my possessions to feed [the poor], and if I surrender my body to be burned, but do not have love, it profits me nothing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And though I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if I shall dole out all my goods in food, and if I deliver up my body that I may be burned, but have not love, I profit nothing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, though I morsel out all my goods,—and though I deliver up my body, that I may boast, and have not, love, I am profited, nothing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if I give away to feed others all my goods, and if I give up my body that I may be burned, and have not love, I am profited nothing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if I should distribute all my goods to feed the poor, and if I should deliver my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And though I bestowe all my goods to feede the poore, and though I giue my body to bee burned, and haue not charitie, it profiteth me nothing.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if all I have I make to feed the poor, and I deliver my body to burn, and love be not in me, I profit nothing.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if I should feed out to the destitute all I possess; and if I should give my body to be burned; and there should be no love in me, I gain nothing.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
though 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
I bestow y5595
[5595] Standard
ψωμίζω
psomizo
{pso-mid'-zo}
From the base of G5596; to supply with bits, that is, (genitive case) to nourish.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all y3956
[3956] Standard
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
my y3450
[3450] Standard
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
goods y5224
[5224] Standard
ὑπάρχοντα
huparchonta
{hoop-ar'-khon-tah}
Neuter plural of present participle active of G5225 as noun; things extant or in hand, that is, property or possessions.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
to feed 5595
{5595} Prime
ψωμίζω
psomizo
{pso-mid'-zo}
From the base of G5596; to supply with bits, that is, (genitive case) to nourish.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
x3956
(3956) Complement
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
x3450
(3450) Complement
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
x5224
(5224) Complement
ὑπάρχοντα
huparchonta
{hoop-ar'-khon-tah}
Neuter plural of present participle active of G5225 as noun; things extant or in hand, that is, property or possessions.
[the poor], and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
though 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
I give 3860
{3860} Prime
παραδίδωμι
paradidomi
{par-ad-id'-o-mee}
From G3844 and G1325; to surrender, that is, yield up, intrust, transmit.
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
to 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
be burned, 2545
{2545} Prime
καίω
kaio
{kah'-yo}
Apparently a primary verb; to set on fire, that is, kindle or (by implication) consume.
z5703
<5703> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 1
and y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
charity, 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
it profiteth x5623
(5623) Complement
ὠφελέω
opheleo
{o-fel-eh'-o}
From the same as G5622; to be useful, that is, to benefit.
me y5623
[5623] Standard
ὠφελέω
opheleo
{o-fel-eh'-o}
From the same as G5622; to be useful, that is, to benefit.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
nothing. 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 13:3

_ _ bestow ... goods ... poor — literally, “dole out in food” all my goods; one of the highest functions of the “helps” (1 Corinthians 12:28).

_ _ give ... body to be burned — literally, “to such a degree as that I should be burned.” As the three youths did (Daniel 3:28), “yielded their bodies” (compare 2 Corinthians 12:15). These are most noble exemplifications of love in giving and in suffering. Yet they may be without love; in which case the “goods” and “body” are given, but not the soul, which is the sphere of love. Without the soul God rejects all else, and so rejects the man, who is therefore “profited” nothing (Matthew 16:26; Luke 9:23-25). Men will fight for Christianity, and die for Christianity, but not live in its spirit, which is love.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 13:3

And though I — Deliberately, piece by piece. Give all my goods to feed the poor, yea, though I deliver up my body to be burned — Rather than I would renounce my religion. And have not the love — Hereafter described. It profiteth me nothing — Without this, whatever I speak, whatever I have, whatever I know, whatever I do, whatever I suffer, is nothing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
though I bestow:

Matthew 6:1-4 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven. ... That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.
Matthew 23:5 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
Luke 18:22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.
Luke 18:28 Then Peter said, Lo, we have left all, and followed thee.
Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore [him] fourfold.
Luke 21:3-4 And he said, Of a truth I say unto you, that this poor widow hath cast in more than they all: ... For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.
John 12:43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
Galatians 5:26 Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
Philippians 1:15-18 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will: ... What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.

though I give:

Daniel 3:16-28 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, answered and said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we [are] not careful to answer thee in this matter. ... [Then] Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, Blessed [be] the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God.
Matthew 7:22-23 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? ... And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
John 13:37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
Acts 21:13 Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.
Philippians 1:20-21 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death. ... For to me to live [is] Christ, and to die [is] gain.
Philippians 2:3 [Let] nothing [be done] through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.

profiteth:

Isaiah 57:12 I will declare thy righteousness, and thy works; for they shall not profit thee.
Jeremiah 7:8 Behold, ye trust in lying words, that cannot profit.
John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.
1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
James 2:14-17 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? ... Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 57:12. Jr 7:8. Dn 3:16. Mt 6:1; 7:22; 23:5. Lk 18:22, 28; 19:8; 21:3. Jn 6:63; 12:43; 13:37; 15:13. Ac 21:13. Ga 5:26. Php 1:15, 20; 2:3. 1Ti 4:8. He 13:9. Jm 2:14.

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