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1 Corinthians 13:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But now abideth faith, hope, love, these three; and the greatest of these is love.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But now faith, hope, love, abide these three; but the greatest of these is love.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And now abide faith, hope, love; these three things; and the greater of these [is] love.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, now abide—faith, hope, love,—these three; but, the greatest of these, is, love.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now there doth remain faith, hope, love—these three; and the greatest of these [is] love.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And now abideth faith, hope, charitie, these three, but the greatest of these is charitie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For these are the three that remain, faith and hope and love; but the greatest of these is love.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For these three things are abiding, faith, and hope, and love; but the greatest of these is love.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
now 3570
{3570} Prime
νυνί
nuni
{noo-nee'}
A prolonged form of G3568 for emphasis; just now.
abideth 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
hope, 1680
{1680} Prime
ἐλπίς
elpis
{el-pece'}
From ἔλπω [[elpo]] which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence.
charity, 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
these 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
three; 5140
{5140} Prime
τρεῖς
treis
{trice}
A primary (plural) number; 'three'.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the greatest 3187
{3187} Prime
μείζων
meizon
{mide'-zone}
Irregular comparative of G3173; larger (literally or figuratively, specifically in age).
of these 5130
{5130} Prime
τούτων
touton
{too'-tone}
Genitive plural masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) these (persons or things).
[is] charity. 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 13:13

_ _ And now — Translate, “But now.” “In this present state” [Henderson]. Or, “now” does not express time, but opposition, as in 1 Corinthians 5:11, “the case being so” [Grotius]; whereas it is the case that the three gifts, “prophecy,” “tongues,” and “knowledge” (cited as specimens of the whole class of gifts) “fail” (1 Corinthians 13:8), there abide permanently only these three — faith, hope, charity. In one sense faith and hope shall be done away, faith being superseded by sight, and hope by actual fruition (Romans 8:24; 2 Corinthians 5:7); and charity, or love, alone never faileth (1 Corinthians 13:8). But in another sense, “faith and hope,” as well as “charity,” ABIDE; namely, after the extraordinary gifts have ceased; for those three are necessary and sufficient for salvation at all times, whereas the extraordinary gifts are not at all so; compare the use of “abide,” 1 Corinthians 3:14. Charity, or love, is connected specially with the Holy Spirit, who is the bond of the loving union between the brethren (Romans 15:30; Colossians 1:8). Faith is towards God. Hope is in behalf of ourselves. Charity is love to God creating in us love towards our neighbor. In an unbeliever there is more or less of the three opposites — unbelief, despair, hatred. Even hereafter faith in the sense of trust in God “abideth”; also “hope,” in relation to ever new joys in prospect, and at the anticipation of ever increasing blessedness, sure never to be disappointed. But love alone in every sense “abideth”; it is therefore “the greatest” of the three, as also because it presupposes “faith,” which without “love” and its consequent “works” is dead (Galatians 5:6; James 2:17, James 2:20).

_ _ but — rather, “and”; as there is not so strong opposition between charity and the other two, faith and hope, which like it also “abide.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:8-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 13:13

Faith, hope, love — Are the sum of perfection on earth; love alone is the sum of perfection in heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 13:13

(7) And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.

(7) The conclusion: as if the apostle should say, "Such therefore will be our condition then: but now we have three things, and they remain sure if we are Christ's, without which, true religion cannot consist, that is, faith, hope, and charity. And among these, charity is the chiefest because it ceases not in the life to come as the rest do, but is perfected and accomplished. For seeing that faith and hope tend to things which are promised and are to come, when we have presently gotten them, to what purpose would we have faith and hope? But yet there at length we will truly and perfectly love both God and one another."

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
abideth:

1 Corinthians 3:14 If any man's work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
1 John 2:14 I have written unto you, fathers, because ye have known him [that is] from the beginning. I have written unto you, young men, because ye are strong, and the word of God abideth in you, and ye have overcome the wicked one.
1 John 2:24 Let that therefore abide in you, which ye have heard from the beginning. If that which ye have heard from the beginning shall remain in you, ye also shall continue in the Son, and in the Father.
1 John 3:9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.

faith:

Luke 8:13-15 They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. ... But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep [it], and bring forth fruit with patience.
Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
Hebrews 10:35 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.
Hebrews 10:39 But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
Hebrews 11:1-7 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. ... By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
1 John 5:1-5 Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is begotten of him. ... Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?

hope:

Psalms 42:11 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 43:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 146:5 Happy [is he] that [hath] the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope [is] in the LORD his God:
Lamentations 3:21-26 This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope. ... [It is] good that [a man] should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD.
Romans 5:4-5 And patience, experience; and experience, hope: ... And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 8:24-25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? ... But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it].
Romans 15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
Colossians 1:5 For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel;
Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
Hebrews 6:11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:
Hebrews 6:19 Which [hope] we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
1 John 3:3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

charity:

1 Corinthians 13:1-8 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... Charity never faileth: but whether [there be] prophecies, they shall fail; whether [there be] tongues, they shall cease; whether [there be] knowledge, it shall vanish away.
1 Corinthians 8:1 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth.
1 Corinthians 8:3 But if any man love God, the same is known of him.
2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.
2 Corinthians 5:15 And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
1 John 2:10 He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him.
1 John 4:7-18 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God. ... There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

the greatest:

1 Corinthians 13:8 Charity never faileth: but whether [there be] prophecies, they shall fail; whether [there be] tongues, they shall cease; whether [there be] knowledge, it shall vanish away.
1 Corinthians 14:1 Follow after charity, and desire spiritual [gifts], but rather that ye may prophesy.
1 Corinthians 16:14 Let all your things be done with charity.
Mark 12:29-31 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: ... And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
Luke 10:27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.
Galatians 5:13-22 For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. ... But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
Philippians 1:9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment;
Colossians 3:14 And above all these things [put on] charity, which is the bond of perfectness.
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
2 Timothy 1:7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
1 John 4:7-9 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God. ... In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.
2 John 1:4-6 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. ... And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it.
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Ps 42:11; 43:5; 146:5. Lm 3:21. Mk 12:29. Lk 8:13; 10:27; 22:32. Ro 5:4; 8:24; 15:13. 1Co 3:14; 8:1, 3; 13:1, 8; 14:1; 16:14. 2Co 5:10, 15. Ga 5:6, 13. Php 1:9. Col 1:5, 27; 3:14. 1Th 5:8. 1Ti 1:5. 2Ti 1:7. He 6:11, 19; 10:35, 39; 11:1. 1P 1:21. 1Jn 2:10, 14, 24; 3:3, 9; 4:7; 5:1. 2Jn 1:4.

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