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1 Corinthians 12:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For to one is given through the Spirit the word of wisdom; and to another the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another, the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For to one, by the Spirit, is given [the] word of wisdom; and to another [the] word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, unto one, indeed, through the Spirit, is given, a word of wisdom, but, unto another, a word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for to one through the Spirit hath been given a word of wisdom, and to another a word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For to one is giuen by the spirit, the word of wisedome, to another the word of knowledge, by the same spirit.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— To one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom, but to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— To one, by the Spirit, there is given a word of wisdom; and to another, by the same Spirit, there is given a word of knowledge:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
to one 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
3303
{3303} Prime
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
is given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
the word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of wisdom; 4678
{4678} Prime
σοφία
sophia
{sof-ee'-ah}
From G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual).
y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
to x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
another 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
the word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of knowledge 1108
{1108} Prime
γνῶσις
gnosis
{gno'-sis}
From G1097; knowing (the act), that is, (by implication) knowledge.
by 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
same 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Spirit; 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 12:8-10

_ _ Three classes of gifts are distinguished by a distinct Greek word for “another” (a distinct class), marking the three several genera: allo marks the species, hetero the genera (compare Greek, 1 Corinthians 15:39-41). I. Gifts of intellect, namely, (1) wisdom; (2) knowledge. II. Gifts dependent on a special faith, namely, that of miracles (Matthew 17:20): (1) healings; (2) workings of miracles; (3) prophecy of future events; (4) discerning of spirits, or the divinely given faculty of distinguishing between those really inspired, and those who pretended to inspiration. III. Gifts referring to the tongues: (1) diverse kinds of tongues; (2) interpretation of tongues. The catalogue in 1 Corinthians 12:28 is not meant strictly to harmonize with the one here, though there are some particulars in which they correspond. The three genera are summarily referred to by single instances of each in 1 Corinthians 13:8. The first genus refers more to believers; the second, to unbelievers.

_ _ by ... by ... by — The first in Greek is, “By means of,” or “through the operation of”; the second is, “according to” the disposing of (compare 1 Corinthians 12:11); the third is, “in,” that is, under the influence of (so the Greek, Matthew 22:43; Luke 2:27).

_ _ word of wisdom — the ready utterance of (for imparting to others, Ephesians 6:19) wisdom, namely, new revelations of the divine wisdom in redemption, as contrasted with human philosophy (1 Corinthians 1:24; 1 Corinthians 2:6, 1 Corinthians 2:7; Ephesians 1:8; Ephesians 3:10; Colossians 2:3).

_ _ word of knowledge — ready utterance supernaturally imparted of truths ALREADY REVEALED (in this it is distinguished from “the word of wisdom,” which related to NEW revelations). Compare 1 Corinthians 14:6, where “revelation” (answering to “wisdom” here) is distinguished from “knowledge” [Henderson]. Wisdom or revelation belonged to the “prophets”; knowledge, to the “teachers.” Wisdom penetrates deeper than knowledge. Knowledge relates to things that are to be done. Wisdom, to things eternal: hence, wisdom is not, like knowledge, said to “pass away” (1 Corinthians 13:8), [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 12:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 12:8

The word of wisdom — A power of understanding and explaining the manifold wisdom of God in the grand scheme of gospel salvation. The word of knowledge — Perhaps an extraordinary ability to understand and explain the Old Testament types and prophecies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 12:8

(5) For to one is given by the Spirit the word of (h) wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

(5) He declares this manifold diversity, and reckons up the principal gifts, beating that into their heads which he said before, that is, that all these things proceeded from one and the very same Spirit.

(h) Wisdom is a most excellent gift, and very needed, not only for those who teach, but also for those that exhort and comfort. And this thing is proper to the pastor's office, as the word of knowledge agrees to the teachers.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is given:

1 Corinthians 1:5 That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and [in] all knowledge;
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
1 Corinthians 2:6-10 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought: ... But God hath revealed [them] unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
1 Corinthians 13:2 And though I have [the gift of] prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
1 Corinthians 13:8 Charity never faileth: but whether [there be] prophecies, they shall fail; whether [there be] tongues, they shall cease; whether [there be] knowledge, it shall vanish away.
Genesis 41:38-39 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Spirit of God [is]? ... And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as thou [art]:
Exodus 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
1 Kings 3:5-12 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee. ... Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
Nehemiah 9:20 Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
Job 32:8 But [there is] a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.
Psalms 143:10 Teach me to do thy will; for thou [art] my God: thy spirit [is] good; lead me into the land of uprightness.
Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth [cometh] knowledge and understanding.
Isaiah 11:2-3 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; ... And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Isaiah 50:4 The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to [him that is] weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.
Isaiah 59:21 As for me, this [is] my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that [is] upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
Daniel 2:21 And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:
Matthew 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
Acts 6:3 Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.
2 Corinthians 8:7 Therefore, as ye abound in every [thing, in] faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and [in] all diligence, and [in] your love to us, [see] that ye abound in this grace also.
Ephesians 1:17-18 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: ... The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:38. Ex 31:3. 1K 3:5. Ne 9:20. Jb 32:8. Ps 143:10. Pv 2:6. Is 11:2; 50:4; 59:21. Dn 2:21. Mt 13:11. Ac 6:3. 1Co 1:5, 30; 2:6; 13:2, 8. 2Co 8:7. Ep 1:17.

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