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1 Corinthians 11:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For this cause many among you are weak and sickly, and not a few sleep.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For this reason many among you are weak and sick, and a number sleep.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— On this account many among you [are] weak and infirm, and a good many are fallen asleep.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For this cause, many among you are weak and sickly; and, not a few, are falling asleep.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because of this, among you many [are] weak and sickly, and sleep do many;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore are there many infirm and weak among you: and many sleep.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For this cause many are weake and sickly among you, and many sleepe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— On this account many among you are sick and infirm, and many who sleep.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For this cause, many among you are diseased and sickly, and many sleep.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
this y5124
[5124] Standard
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
cause 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
x5124
(5124) Complement
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
[are] weak 772
{0772} Prime
ἀσθενής
asthenes
{as-then-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sickly 732
{0732} Prime
ἄρρωστος
arrhostos
{ar'-hroce-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G4517; infirm.
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
many 2425
{2425} Prime
ἱκανός
hikanos
{hik-an-os'}
From ἵκω [[hiko]] (ἱκάνω [[hikano]] or ἱκνέομαι [[hikneomai]]; akin to G2240; to arrive); competent (as if coming in season), that is, ample (in amount) or fit (in character).
sleep. 2837
{2837} Prime
κοιμάω
koimao
{koy-mah'-o}
From G2749; to put to sleep, that is, (passively or reflexively) to slumber; figuratively to decease.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 11:30

_ _ weak ... sickly — He is “weak” who has naturally no strength: “sickly,” who has lost his strength by disease [Tittmann, Greek Synonyms of the New Testament].

_ _ sleep — are being lulled in death: not a violent death; but one the result of sickness, sent as the Lord’s chastening for the individual’s salvation, the mind being brought to a right state on the sick bed (1 Corinthians 11:31).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 11:23-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 11:30

For this cause — Which they had not observed. Many sleep — In death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 11:30

(21) For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.

(21) The profaning of the body and blood of the Lord in his mysteries is harshly punished by him, and therefore such wrongs ought diligently to be prevented by each one judging and correcting himself.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
many:

1 Corinthians 11:32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
Exodus 15:26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I [am] the LORD that healeth thee.
Numbers 20:12 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
Numbers 20:24 Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.
Numbers 21:6-9 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. ... And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.
2 Samuel 12:14-18 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also [that is] born unto thee shall surely die. ... And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead?
1 Kings 13:21-24 And he cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of the LORD, and hast not kept the commandment which the LORD thy God commanded thee, ... And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcase was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase.
Psalms 38:1-8 [[A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance.]] O LORD, rebuke me not in thy wrath: neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure. ... I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of my heart.
Psalms 78:30-31 They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat [was] yet in their mouths, ... The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen [men] of Israel.
Psalms 89:31-34 If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; ... My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
Amos 3:2 You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.
Hebrews 12:5-11 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: ... Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

sleep:

1 Corinthians 15:51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
Acts 13:36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption:
1 Thessalonians 4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:26. Nu 20:12, 24; 21:6. 2S 12:14. 1K 13:21. Ps 38:1; 78:30; 89:31. Am 3:2. Ac 13:36. 1Co 11:32; 15:51. 1Th 4:14. He 12:5. Rv 3:19.

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