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1 Corinthians 11:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he discern not the body.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh condemnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For [the] eater and drinker eats and drinks judgment to himself, not distinguishing the body.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, he that is eating and drinking,—judgment unto himself, doth eat and drink,—if he be not setting apart the body.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for he who is eating and drinking unworthily, judgment to himself he doth eat and drink—not discerning the body of the Lord.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For hee that eateth and drinketh vnworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himselfe, not discerning the Lords body.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For whoever eateth and drinketh of it while not worthy, condemnation to himself he eateth and drinketh, because he hath not distinguished the body of the Lord.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— for, whoever eateth and drinketh of it, while he is unworthy, eateth and drinketh condemnation on himself, by not discerning the body of the Lord.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he that eateth 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
drinketh 4095
{4095} Prime
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
unworthily, 371
{0371} Prime
ἀναξίως
anaxios
{an-ax-ee'-oce}
Adverb from G0370; irreverently.
eateth 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
drinketh 4095
{4095} Prime
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
damnation 2917
{2917} Prime
κρίμα
krima
{kree'-mah}
From G2919; a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ['crime']).
to himself, 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
discerning 1252
{1252} Prime
διακρίνω
diakrino
{dee-ak-ree'-no}
From G1223 and G2919; to separate thoroughly, that is, (literally and reflexively) to withdraw from, or (by implication) oppose; figuratively to discriminate (by implication decide), or (reflexively) hesitate.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord's 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
body. 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 11:29

_ _ damnation — A mistranslation which has put a stumbling-block in the way of many in respect to communicating. The right translation is “judgment.” The judgment is described (1 Corinthians 11:30-32) as temporal.

_ _ not discerningnot duty judging: not distinguishing in judgment (so the Greek: the sin and its punishment thus being marked as corresponding) from common food, the sacramental pledges of the Lord’s body. Most of the oldest manuscripts omit “Lord’s” (see 1 Corinthians 11:27). Omitting also “unworthily,” with most of the oldest manuscripts, we must translate, “He that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, IF he discern not the body” (Hebrews 10:29). The Church is “the body of Christ” (1 Corinthians 12:27). The Lord’s body is His literal body appreciated and discerned by the soul in the faithful receiving, and not present in the elements themselves.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 11:23-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 11:29

For he that eateth and drinketh so unworthily as those Corinthians did, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself — Temporal judgments of various kinds, 1 Corinthians 11:30. Not distinguishing the sacred tokens of the Lord's body — From his common food.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 11:29

For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not (m) discerning the Lord's body.

(m) He is said to discern the Lord's body that has consideration of the worthiness of it, and therefore comes to eat of this food with great reverence.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
damnation:
or, judgment, Κριμα [Strong's G2917], judgment, or punishment, not damnation, for it was inflicted upon the disorderly and profane for their amendment.
1 Corinthians 11:30 For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
1 Corinthians 11:32-34 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. ... And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
Romans 13:2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
*Gr:
James 3:1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.
James 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.
*marg.

not:

1 Corinthians 11:24 And when he had given thanks, he brake [it], and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
1 Corinthians 11:27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink [this] cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
Ecclesiastes 8:5 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
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Ec 8:5. Ro 13:2. 1Co 11:24, 27, 30, 32. He 5:14. Jm 3:1; 5:12.

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